NASA Astronaut Group 12

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NASA's Astronaut Group 12 (the GAFFers) was announced by NASA on 5 June 1987.

Group members[edit]

Pilots[edit]

STS-46 Atlantis - Pilot
STS-62 Columbia - Pilot
STS-75 Columbia - Commander
STS-50 Columbia - Pilot
STS-61 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-73 Columbia - Commander
STS-82 Discovery - Commander
STS-113 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 3 (launched only)
ISS Expedition 6 - ISS Commander
Soyuz TMA-1 - Flight Engineer (landed only)
STS-47 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-66 Atlantis - Pilot
STS-77 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-85 Discovery - Commander
STS-95 Discovery - Commander
STS-103 Discovery - Commander
STS-49 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-59 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-76 Atlantis - Commander
STS-39 Discovery - Mission Specialist 4
STS-54 Endeavour - Pilot
STS-66 Atlantis - Commander
STS-42 Discovery - Mission Specialist 3
STS-51 Discovery - Pilot
STS-79 Atlantis - Commander
STS-48 Discovery - Pilot
STS-60 Discovery - Pilot

Mission specialists[edit]

STS-41 Discovery - Mission Specialist 3
STS-49 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 4
STS-61 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 5
STS-79 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 1
STS-47 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 2
STS-60 Discovery - Mission Specialist 1
STS-85 Discovery - Payload Commander
STS-45 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 3
STS-56 Discovery - Mission Specialist 1
STS-63 Discovery - Mission Specialist 1
STS-84 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 5 (launched only)
Mir EO-23/Mir EO-24 - Flight Engineer 2
STS-86 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 5 (landed only)
STS-103 Discovery - Mission Specialist 3
Soyuz TMA-3 - Flight Engineer
ISS Expedition 8 - ISS Commander
STS-39 Discovery - Mission Specialist 2
STS-54 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 2
STS-71 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 1
STS-82 Discovery - Mission Specialist 3
STS-47 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 4
STS-41 Discovery - Mission Specialist 2
STS-49 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 5
STS-44 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 2
STS-54 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 1
STS-77 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 3
STS-44 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 3
STS-53 Discovery - Mission Specialist 2
STS-69 Endeavour - Mission Specialist 1
STS-101 Atlantis - Mission Specialist 3
STS-102 Discovery - Mission Specialist 4 (launched only)
ISS Expedition 2 - Flight Engineer 2
STS-105 Discovery - Mission Specialist 4 (landed only)

Further information[edit]

The group's informal nickname is an acronym for "George Abbey Final Fifteen". Of this group, Mae Jemison would become the first female African-American in space, while Michael Foale would fly aboard the Mir space station. At the time of the Columbia accident in 2003, William Readdy was Associate Administrator for Space Flight and Kenneth Bowersox was commanding the Expedition 6 crew on the ISS. Chilton, after leaving NASA, became the first NASA astronaut to become a General in the U.S. Air Force (Lt. Gen. Thomas Stafford, USAF, and VADM Richard Truly, USN were three-star officers) and is currently the commander of U.S. Strategic Command.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (September 2004). "Astronaut Bio: Andrew Allen (9/2004)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  2. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (October 2006). "Astronaut Bio: Ken Bowersox (10/2006)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  3. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (July 2007). "Astronaut Bio: C. Brown (7/2007)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  4. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (March 2008). "Astronaut Bio: Kevin Chilton (3/2008)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  5. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (August 1998). "Astronaut Bio: Donald R. McMongale (8/1998)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  6. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (January 2006). "Astronaut Bio: William F. Readdy (1/2006)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  7. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (August 2008). "Astronaut Bio: K.S. Reightler (8/2008)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  8. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (June 2000). "Astronaut Bio: T. Akers (6/2000)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  9. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (January 2006). "Astronaut Bio: N. Jan Davis (1/2006)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  10. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (January 2008). "Astronaut Bio: C. Michael Foale (1/2008)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  11. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (April 2001). "Astronaut Bio: G. Harbaugh (4/2001)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  12. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (March 1993). "Astronaut Bio: Mae C. Jemison (3/1993)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  13. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (March 2004). "Astronaut Bio: Bruce E. Melnick (3/2004)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  14. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (January 2008). "Astronaut Bio: Mario Runco (1/2008)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  15. ^ National Aeronautics and Space Administration (October 2005). "Astronaut Bio: James S. Voss (10/2005)". NASA. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 

External links[edit]