NASA Astronaut Group 9

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Group 9 astronauts. Back row, L-R: Gardner, Springer, O'Connor, Ockels, Smith, Lounge. Middle row, L-R: Bagian, Blaha, Nicollier, Hilmers, Fisher, Dunbar, Ross. Front row, L-R: Bolden, Chang-Diaz, Cleave, Leestma, Spring, Richards, Bridges.
Class patch; the patch features nineteen stars representing the nineteen NASA astronauts belonging to the group.

NASA Astronaut Group 9 was a group of 19 astronauts announced on May 29, 1980, and completed their training by 1981. This group was selected to supplement the 35 astronauts that had been selected in 1978, and marked the first time that non-Americans were trained as mission specialists with the selections of ESA astronauts Claude Nicollier and Wubbo Ockels. In keeping with the previous group, astronaut candidates were divided into pilots and mission specialists, with eight pilots, eleven mission specialists, and two international mission specialists within the group.

Achievements[edit]

As with the previous group, several spaceflight firsts were achieved, including:

In addition, Chang-Diaz and Ross share the world record for the most spaceflights, with seven each. Bolden also became the second astronaut to serve as NASA Administrator, appointed in 2009.

Group members[edit]

Pilots[edit]

STS-29 Discovery[1] — March 1989 — Pilot — Deployed TDRS-D
STS-33 Discovery[1] — November 1989 — Pilot — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-43 Atlantis[1] — August 1991 — Commander — Deployed TDRS-E
STS-58 Columbia[1] — October 1993 — Commander — Spacelab: SLS-2
STS-79 Atlantis[1] — September 1996 — Mission Specialist 4 — Launched for long duration flight aboard Mir
Mir EO-22: Board Engineer 2[1]
STS-81 Atlantis[1] — January 1997 — Mission Specialist 4 — Landed from long duration flight aboard Mir
STS-61-C Columbia[2] — January 1986 — Pilot — Deployed Ku-1 communications satellite
STS-31 Discovery[2] — April 1990 — Pilot — Deployed the Hubble Space Telescope
STS-45 Atlantis[2] — March 1992 — Commander — ATLAS-1
STS-60 Discovery[2] — February 1994 — Commander — Spacehab 2
STS-51-F Challenger[3] — July 1985 — Pilot — Spacelab 2
STS-27 Atlantis[4] — December 1988 — Pilot — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-35 Columbia[4] — December 1990 — Pilot — ASTRO-1
STS-51-J Atlantis[5] — October 1985 — Pilot — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-30 Atlantis[5] — May 1989 — Pilot — Deployed the Magellan probe
STS-42 Discovery[5] — January 1992 — Commander — Spacelab: IML-1
STS-57 Endeavour[5] — June 1993 — Commander — Spacehab
STS-61-B Atlantis[6] — November 1985 — Pilot — Deployed 3 communication satellites
STS-40 Columbia[6] — June 1991 — Commander — Spacelab: SLS-1
STS-28 Columbia[7] — August 1989 — Pilot — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-41 Discovery[7] — October 1990 — Commander — Deployed the Ulysses (spacecraft)
STS-50 Columbia[7] — June 1992 — Commander — Spacelab: U.S. Microgravity Laboratory 1
STS-64 Discovery[7] — September 1994 — Commander — Lidar In-space Technology Experiment (LITE)
STS-51-L Challenger[8] — January 1986 — Pilot — Planned to Deploy TDRS-B

Mission Specialists[edit]

STS-29 Discovery[9] — March 1989 — Mission Specialist 1 — Deployed TDRS-D
STS-40 Columbia[9] — June 1991 — Mission Specialist 1 — Spacelab: SLS-1
STS-61-C Columbia[10] — January 1986 — Mission Specialist 1 — Deployed Ku-1 communications satellite
STS-34 Atlantis[10] — October 1989 — Mission Specialist 1 — Deployed the Galileo probe
STS-46 Atlantis[10] — July 1992 — Mission Specialist 2 — Deployed ESA’s European Retrievable Carrier and flew the Tethered Satellite System’s TSS-1 mission
STS-60 Discovery[10] — February 1994 — Mission Specialist 3 — Spacehab 2
STS-75 Columbia[10] — February 1996 — Mission Specialist 4/Payload Commander — The Tethered Satellite System’s TSS-1R mission
STS-91 Discovery[10] — June 1998 — Mission Specialist 2 — Final Shuttle/Mir mission
STS-111 Endeavour[10] — June 2002 — Mission Specialist 1 — Installed the Mobile Base System for Canadarm2 on the ISS
STS-61-B Atlantis[11] — November 1985 — Mission Specialist 1 — Deployed 3 communication satellites
STS-30 Atlantis[11] — May 1989 — Mission Specialist 2 — Deployed the Magellan probe
STS-61-A Challenger[12] — October 1985 — Mission Specialist 1 — Spacelab D1
STS-32 Columbia[12] — January 1990 — Mission Specialist 1 — Deployed the SYNCOM IV-F5 satellite; retrieved the Long Duration Exposure Facility
STS-50 Columbia[12] — June 1992 — Mission Specialist 1 — Spacelab: U.S. Microgravity Laboratory 1
STS-71 Atlantis[12] — June 1995 — Mission Specialist 3 — First Shuttle/Mir docking
STS-89 Endeavour[12] — January 1998 — Mission Specialist 3 — Eighth Shuttle/Mir docking
STS-51-I Discovery[13] — August 1985 — Mission Specialist 3 — Deployed three communications satellites
STS-51-J Atlantis[14] — October 1985 — Mission Specialist 1 — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-26 Discovery[14] — September 1988 — Mission Specialist 3 — Was the "Return-to-Flight" shuttle mission following the Challenger disaster; deployed TDRS-C
STS-36 Atlantis[14] — February 1990 — Mission Specialist 2 — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-42 Discovery[14] — January 1992 — Mission Specialist 2 — Spacelab: IML-1
STS-41-G Challenger[15] — October 1984 — Mission Specialist 3 — Deployed the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
STS-28 Columbia[15] — August 1989 — Mission Specialist 2 — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-45 Atlantis[15] — March 1992 — Mission Specialist 2 — ATLAS-1
STS-51-I Discovery[16] — August 1985 — Mission Specialist 2 — Deployed three communications satellites
STS-26 Discovery[16] — September 1988 — Mission Specialist 1 — Was the "Return-to-Flight" shuttle mission following the Challenger disaster; deployed TDRS-C
STS-35 Columbia[16] — December 1990 — Mission Specialist 2 — ASTRO-1
  • Jerry L. Ross (born 1948), U.S. Air Force (7 flights)[17] - Currently NASA Chief of JSC's Vehicle Integration Test Office
STS-61-B Atlantis[17] — November 1985 — Mission Specialist 2 — Deployed 3 communication satellites
STS-27 Atlantis[17] — December 1988 — Mission Specialist 2 — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission
STS-37 Atlantis[17] — April 1991 — Mission Specialist 1 — Launched the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory
STS-55 Columbia[17] — April 1993 — Mission Specialist 1 — Spacelab: D2
STS-74 Atlantis[17] — November 1995 — Mission Specialist 2 — Second Shuttle/Mir docking
STS-88 Endeavour[17] — December 1998 — Mission Specialist 1 — First shuttle mission to the International Space Station; delivered Unity (Node 1) and the first two Pressurized Mating Adapters
STS-110 Atlantis[17] — April 2002 — Mission Specialist 1 — Delivered the S0 Truss and the Mobile Transporter for Canadarm2
STS-61-B Atlantis[18] — November 1985 — Mission Specialist 3 — Deployed 3 communication satellites
STS-29 Discovery[19] — March 1989 — Mission Specialist 3 — Deployed TDRS-D
STS-38 Atlantis[19] — November 1990 — Mission Specialist 1 — Was a classified United States Department of Defense mission

International Mission Specialists[edit]

STS-46 Atlantis[20] — July 1992 — Mission Specialist 3 — Deployed ESA’s European Retrievable Carrier and flew the Tethered Satellite System’s TSS-1 mission
STS-61 Endeavour[20] — December 1993 — Mission Specialist 3 — Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 1
STS-75 Columbia[20] — February 1996 — Mission Specialist 3 — The Tethered Satellite System’s TSS-1R mission
STS-103 Discovery[20] — December 1999 — Mission Specialist 5 — Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 3A
STS-61-A Challenger[21] — October 1985 — Payload Specialist 3 — Spacelab: D1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h NASA (2008). "Astronaut Bio: John E. Blaha". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  2. ^ a b c d e NASA (2009). "Astronaut Bio: Charles F. Bolden, Jr". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  3. ^ a b NASA (2005). "Astronaut Bio: Roy D. Bridges, Jr". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  4. ^ a b c NASA (1994). "Astronaut Bio: Guy S. Gardner". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  5. ^ a b c d e NASA (1999). "Astronaut Bio: Ronald J. Grabe". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  6. ^ a b c NASA (2008). "Astronaut Bio: Bryan D. O'Connor". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  7. ^ a b c d e NASA (2007). "Astronaut Bio: Richard N. Richards". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  8. ^ a b NASA (2003). "Astronaut Bio: Michael J. Smith". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  9. ^ a b c NASA (1995). "Astronaut Bio: James P. Bagian". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h NASA (2005). "Astronaut Bio: Franklin R. Chang-Diaz". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  11. ^ a b c NASA (2003). "Astronaut Bio: Mary L. Cleave". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  12. ^ a b c d e f NASA (2005). "Astronaut Bio: Bonnie J. Dunbar". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  13. ^ a b NASA (1993). "Astronaut Bio: William F. Fisher". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  14. ^ a b c d e NASA (1993). "Astronaut Bio: David C. Hilmers". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  15. ^ a b c d NASA (2006). "Astronaut Bio: David C. Leestma". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  16. ^ a b c d NASA (2011). "Astronaut Bio: John M. Lounge". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h NASA (2008). "Astronaut Bio: Jerry L. Ross". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  18. ^ a b NASA (1994). "Astronaut Bio: Sherwood C. Spring". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  19. ^ a b c NASA (2006). "Astronaut Bio: Robert C. Springer". Retrieved 2010-03-05.[dead link]
  20. ^ a b c d e NASA (2007). "Astronaut Bio: Claude Nicollier". Retrieved 2010-03-05.
  21. ^ a b NASA (1986). "Astronaut Bio: Wubbo J. Ockels". Retrieved 2010-03-05.

External links[edit]