NASA Authorization Act of 2005

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NASA Authorization Act of 2005
Great Seal of the United States
Other short titles
  • Charles "Pete" Conrad Astronomy Awards Act
  • George E. Brown, Jr. Near-Earth Object Survey Act
Long title An Act to authorize the programs of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Nicknames National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2005
Enacted by the 109th United States Congress
Effective December 30, 2005
Citations
Public law 109-155
Statutes at Large 119 Stat. 2895
Codification
Titles amended 42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created 42 U.S.C. ch. 150 § 16601 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as "S. 1281".  by Kay Bailey Hutchison (RTX) on June 21, 2005
  • Committee consideration by Senate Commerce, Science, and Transportation
  • Passed the Senate on September 28, 2005 (Passed)
  • Passed the House on November 18, 2005 (Passed)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on December 15, 2005; agreed to by the House on December 17, 2005 (Agreed) and by the Senate on December 22, 2005 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President George W. Bush on December 30, 2005

The NASA Authorization Act of 2005 is an act of the United States Congress. It was signed by the then President George W. Bush and became Public Law 109-155 on December 30, 2005.

The act requires NASA to carry out a balanced set of programs in human spaceflight, in aeronautics research and development and in scientific research. The act directs NASA to send robotic spacecraft to study the Moon and planets, and to study astronomy and astrophysics. The act directs NASA to use research satellites to conduct earth science research and research on the Sun-Earth connection. The act also directs NASA to support university research in a variety of fields.

In conducting its work, the act directs NASA to consult with other agencies, including the National Science and Technology Council, and to work closely with the private sector, and to "involve other nations to the extent appropriate."

Vision for Space Exploration[edit]

The act makes into law, and establishes milestones for, the United States Vision for Space Exploration (VSE). Specifically it directs the NASA Administrator to develop a sustained human presence on the Moon with a lunar precursor program, and authorizes international collaborations in pursuit of these goals.

VSE milestones[edit]

The NASA Administrator is directed to "strive to achieve" the following milestones:

  • Return Americans to the Moon no later than 2020.
  • Launch the Crew Exploration Vehicle as close to 2010 as possible.
  • Use the International Space Station to study the impacts of long duration stays in space on the human body.
  • Enable humans to land on and return from Mars and other destinations on a timetable that is technically and fiscally possible.

Aeronautics[edit]

The act requires establishment of a policy to guide U.S. aeronautics research and development programs through 2020. The act reiterates the Federal Government's interest in conducting research and development programs that:

  • improve the usefulness, performance, speed, safety, and efficiency of aeronautical vehicles,
  • preserve the role of the United States as a global leader in aeronautical technologies and in their application.

Science[edit]

The act directs the Administrator to develop a plan for NASA science programs through 2016. The act specifically mentions the Magnetospheric Multiscale Mission, SIM-Planet Quest, and the "Future Explorers Program".

Hubble repair[edit]

The act required NASA to plan the final mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

Budget[edit]

The act makes specific requirements regarding the NASA budget.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]