|Hatf IX Nasr|
|Type||Tactical ballistic missile|
|Place of origin||Pakistan|
|Used by||Army Strategic Forces Command|
|Manufacturer||National Development Complex|
|Warhead||plutonium or uranium nuclear warhead|
|Blast yield||0.5-5 kilotons|
|Engine||Single-stage rocket motor|
|60 km (37.3 mi)|
|Transporter erector launcher (TEL)|
|Nasr Missile and Launch Vehicle|
|Closeup of Nasr Missile|
|Video of Nasr Missile Test|
|A video clip of the Nasr multi-tube ballistic missile|
The ISPR described the system as "Multi-tube Ballistic Missile" because the launch vehicle carries multiple missiles. Its existence was revealed after a test in 2011 and it appears to have entered service after further testing in 2013.
According to defence analysts and missile technology experts the system appears to have been developed as a "low-yield battlefield deterrent" targeted at "mechanized forces like armed brigades and divisions." Therefore it is believed by analysts that the system is deployed to deter and respond to India's "Cold Start" doctrine. The military ISPR maintains that the Hatf IX was developed to "add deterrence value... at shorter ranges... with high accuracy, shoot and scoot attributes" for "quick response."
Pakistan confirmed that these tactical nuclear weapons are intended to be used against Indian troops on Pakistani soil. According to analysts, if used just inside Pakistani territory, it would counter cold start doctrine and maximize ionizing radiation exposure while minimizing blast effects which would be more dangerous for the Indian army than for local people as the blast yield is much lower than Strategic nuclear weapons.
The Hatf IX Nasr is a ballistic missile which carries a sub-kiloton nuclear warhead out to a range of 60 km (37.3 mi). It is believed to be derived from the WS-2 Weishi Rockets system developed by China's Sichuan Aerospace Corporation. Four missiles are carried on the same Chinese-origin 8x8 transporter erector launcher (TEL) as the Pakistan Army's A-100E 300mm Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), a Chinese version of the BM-30 Smerch.
The missile can carry nuclear warheads of appropriate yield with high accuracy. Pakistan has claimed that it was designed to overcome missile defense systems. It is also claimed that this missile is accurate. However actual figures of the CEP have not been disclosed. Mansoor Ahmed, of Quaid-e-Azam University’s Department of Defence and Strategic Studies claimed: "Its in-flight maneuverability is being improved to defeat potential Indian missile defenses against artillery rockets and short-range ballistic missiles, such as the Israeli Iron Dome system." He further went on to say that the system is "fully integrated into the centralized command-and-control structure through round the clock situational awareness in a digitized network centric environment to the decision makers at National Command Center. Nasr is obviously India-specific and the salvo launch capability is a key ability in stopping Indian armored thrusts into Pakistani territory."
The missile's existence was first reported after a test-firing on 19 April 2011. A 4-missile salvo fired on the 5th October 2013 is believed to have marked the conclusion of the testing programme and the system's likely entry into service.
- Similar missiles
- Usman Ansari (6 November 2013). "Experts: Missile Test Firing Shows Development Complete". Retrieved 2013-11-08.
- Pakistan conducted another successful test fire of Short Range Surface to Surface Missile Hatf IX (NASR) on September 26, 2014.
- Shakil Shaikh (2011-04-20). "Pakistan test-fires Hatf-IX". The News International. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- Joshua, Anita (2011-04-19). "Pakistan tests short-range ballistic missile". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
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