NATO Enhanced Forward Presence
NATO's Enhanced Forward Presence is an allied, forward deployed defense and deterrence posture in Eastern Europe to protect and reassure NATO's Eastern member states of their security. Following Russia's annexation of Crimea and invasion of Ukraine, NATO member states agreed at the 2016 Warsaw summit to forward deploy four multinational battalion battle groups to NATO members most at risk of a possible Russian attack or invasion.
|Country||Location||Lead nation||Current participants|
|Estonia||Tapa||United Kingdom||Denmark and Iceland|
|Latvia||Ādaži||Canada||Albania, Czech Republic, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain|
|Lithuania||Rukla||Germany||Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Iceland, Netherlands and Norway|
|Poland||Orzysz||United States||Croatia, Romania and United Kingdom|
The troops serving in the multinational battalion battle groups will rotate every six months and train and operate with their host nations' militaries.
Estonia multinational battalion battle group
The United Kingdom will deploy 800 personnel from the British Army's 5th Battalion, The Rifles with Warrior infantry fighting vehicles and the Queen's Royal Hussars with Challenger 2 main battle tanks, both part of the 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade. Artillery, an armoured engineer squadron, logistics specialists and reconnaissance assets will be attached to the British contingent. The British unit will be supported by a mixed battle group from the French Army's 9th Light Armoured Marine Brigade consisting of an mechanized infantry company from the 2nd Marine Infantry Regiment equipped with VBCI infantry fighting vehicles, artillery from the 11th Marine Artillery Regiment equipped with CAESAR self-propelled howitzers, and combat engineers from the 6th Engineer Regiment, with a company of Leclerc main battle tanks from the 7th Armoured Brigade's 1st Chasseurs Regiment attached for the deployment. Additionally the Danish Army will deploy a mechanized force by 2018 at the latest.
Latvia multinational battalion battle group
Canada provides the core of the NATO battle group in Latvia with around 450 mechanized infantry troops from the Canadian Army's 1st Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Regiment and attached combat engineer element. A battery of M777 howitzers from 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery will be deployed in direct support to the battle group.
Spain will dispatch a reinforced armored infantry company consisting of around 350 troops from the 11th Mechanized Infantry Brigade "Extremadura". The Spanish contingent will include six Leopard 2E main battle tanks from the I/16th Tank Battalion "Mérida" of the 16th Armored Regiment "Castilla" and 15 Pizarro infantry fighting vehicles from the I/6th Mechanized Infantry Battalion "Cantabria" of the 6th Infantry Regiment "Saboya".
Poland an armored company with PT-91 Twardy main battle tanks.
Lithuania multinational battalion battle group
The first German Army unit to deploy to Lithuania is the 122nd Mechanized Battalion of the 12th Armoured Brigade of the 10th Panzer Division. Equipped with Marder infantry fighting vehicles the battalion will be augmented with Leopard 2A6 main battle tanks from the 104th Tank Battalion, PzH 2000 self-propelled artillery from the 131st Artillery Battalion, combat engineers from the 4th Armored Engineer Battalion and troops from the 4th Supply Battalion.
Additionally, the Royal Netherlands Army deploys a mechanized infantry company with CV9035NL infantry fighting vehicles from the 43rd Mechanized Brigade's 44th Armoured Infantry Battalion Johan Willem Friso.
The Belgian Army deploys a logistic support company, which arrived in Lithuania on 24 January 2017. The 100 men from the 18th Logistics Battalion and 29th Logistics Battalion of the Belgian Land Component with medical and military police units attached arrived by ferry in Klaipėda and contain a small detachments of troops from the Luxembourg Army. 
Since March 2018, Iceland deployes one civilian expert to the battlegroup.
Czechia provides mechanised company of 230 soldiers.
Battle Group Poland
The Poland-based multinational battalion Battle Group, known as Battle Group Poland (BGPOL), will be led by the United States Army's 3rd ("Wolfpack") Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment stationed in Vilseck, Germany. The Battle Group will consist of 800 U.S. soldiers equipped with Stryker Dragoon vehicles, 150 soldiers from the British Army's Light Dragoons Reconnaissance Regiment and 150 soldiers from the Romanian Army with Air Defense artillery pieces.
The Battle Group will be part of the Polish Army's 15th Mechanized Brigade and based in Orzysz located near the Suwalki Gap which transcends the land area between Northeastern Poland, Belarus, Lithuania and Kaliningrad, Russia.
On 25 July 2017, first commander of Battle Group Poland, U.S. Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Steve Gventer, was succeeded as battle group commander and CO of 2nd / 2nd Cavalry by Lt Col Christopher L'Heureux. The change of command took place at Bemowo Piskie.
- http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_136388.htm NATO Enhanced Forward Presence Website
- Soldier Magazine. Aldershot Garrison, Hampshire, England: Ministry of Defence. August 2016. p. 14.
- "British troops to defend Baltics against Russia in new Nato mission". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Royal Welsh Regiment to be base unit of British contingent in Estonia from November". Latvian Information Agency. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- Berthiaume, Lee (14 February 2017). "Canada Troops prepare to leave for Ukraine amid uncertainty over mission's future". Winnipeg Free Press. The Canadian Press. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
- "España desplegará por primera vez los tanques Leopard en una misión exterior". ABC España. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
- "České jednotky zamíří do Pobaltí. S minomety a obrněnci Pandur". iDNES.cz (in Czech). 11 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- https://www.bundeswehr.de/portal/a/bwde/start/aktuelles/aus_der_truppe/!ut/p/z1/ German Army eFP site
- http://kam.lt/en/news_1098/current_issues/first_troops_of_the_nato_enhanced_forward_presence_battalion_come_to_lithuania_from_belgium.html?pbck=0 Lithuaian Army Press Release
- Dorschner, James (September 21, 2017). "Ramping up: U.S. Army Europe building forces and capability". Jane's Defence Weekly.
- "New NATO battle group commander". en.mon.gov.pl. Retrieved 2017-11-15.
- NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence nato.int, May 2017