NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award
|League||National Basketball Association|
|Awarded for||Best defensive player in regular season of the National Basketball Association|
|Most wins||4 (two-way tie)|
|Most recent||Marcus Smart, Boston Celtics (2022)|
The NBA's Defensive Player of the Year Award is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) award given since the 1982–83 NBA season to the best defensive player of the regular season. The winner is selected by a panel of 124 sportswriters and broadcasters throughout the United States and Canada, each of whom casts a vote for first, second and third place selections. Each first-place vote is worth five points, second-place votes are worth three points, and a third-place vote is worth one. The player with the highest point total, regardless of the number of first-place votes, wins the award.
Dikembe Mutombo and Ben Wallace have each won the award a record four times. Rudy Gobert and Dwight Howard have won the award three times, with Howard having won it in three consecutive seasons. Sidney Moncrief, Mark Eaton, Dennis Rodman, Hakeem Olajuwon, Alonzo Mourning and Kawhi Leonard have each won it twice. The most recent award recipient is Marcus Smart of the Boston Celtics.
Although five of the first six winners were perimeter players, the award has traditionally been given to big men who rebound and block shots. Only eight perimeter players have been honored: Moncrief, Alvin Robertson, Michael Cooper, Michael Jordan, Gary Payton, Ron Artest (known now as Metta Sandiford-Artest), Kawhi Leonard and Marcus Smart. Payton and Smart are the only two point guards to have won. Jordan, Olajuwon, David Robinson, Kevin Garnett and Giannis Antetokounmpo are the only winners to have also won the NBA Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) during their careers; Jordan, Olajuwon and Antetokounmpo won both awards in the same season. In Olajuwon's case, he is the only one to have also won the NBA Finals MVP Award and the NBA championship in the same season. On four occasions, the Defensive Player of the Year recipient was not voted to the NBA All-Defensive First Team in the same year. Robertson in 1986, Mutombo (1995), Tyson Chandler (2012), and Marc Gasol (2013) were instead named to the second team. Whereas the Defensive Player of the Year is voted on by the media, the All-Defensive teams were voted on by NBA coaches prior to 2014.
|^||Denotes player who is still active in the NBA|
|*||Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame|
|Player (X)||Denotes the number of times the player has received the award|
|1982–83||Sidney Moncrief*||Shooting guard||United States||Milwaukee Bucks|
|1983–84||Sidney Moncrief* (2)||Shooting guard||United States||Milwaukee Bucks (2)|
|1984–85||Mark Eaton||Center||United States||Utah Jazz|
|1985–86||Alvin Robertson||Shooting guard||United States||San Antonio Spurs|
|1986–87||Michael Cooper[a]||Shooting guard||United States||Los Angeles Lakers|
|1987–88||Michael Jordan*[b]||Shooting guard||United States||Chicago Bulls|
|1988–89||Mark Eaton (2)||Center||United States||Utah Jazz (2)|
|1989–90||Dennis Rodman*[a]||Small forward||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|1990–91||Dennis Rodman* (2)||Small forward||United States||Detroit Pistons (2)|
|1991–92||David Robinson*||Center||United States||San Antonio Spurs (2)|
|1992–93||Hakeem Olajuwon*||Center||Nigeria[c]||Houston Rockets|
|1993–94||Hakeem Olajuwon* (2)[a][b]||Center||Nigeria[c]||Houston Rockets (2)|
|1994–95||Dikembe Mutombo*||Center||Zaire[d]||Denver Nuggets|
|1995–96||Gary Payton*||Point guard||United States||Seattle SuperSonics|
|1996–97||Dikembe Mutombo* (2)||Center||Zaire[d]||Atlanta Hawks|
|1997–98||Dikembe Mutombo* (3)||Center||Democratic Republic of the Congo[d]||Atlanta Hawks (2)|
|1998–99||Alonzo Mourning*||Center||United States||Miami Heat|
|1999–00||Alonzo Mourning* (2)||Center||United States||Miami Heat (2)|
|2000–01||Dikembe Mutombo* (4)||Center||Democratic Republic of the Congo[d]||Philadelphia 76ers|
|2001–02||Ben Wallace*||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons (3)|
|2002–03||Ben Wallace* (2)||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons (4)|
|2003–04||Ron Artest[e]||Small forward||United States||Indiana Pacers|
|2004–05||Ben Wallace* (3)||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons (5)|
|2005–06||Ben Wallace* (4)||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons (6)|
|2006–07||Marcus Camby||Center||United States||Denver Nuggets (2)|
|2007–08||Kevin Garnett*[a]||Power forward||United States||Boston Celtics|
|2008–09||Dwight Howard^||Center||United States||Orlando Magic|
|2009–10||Dwight Howard^ (2)||Center||United States||Orlando Magic (2)|
|2010–11||Dwight Howard^ (3)||Center||United States||Orlando Magic (3)|
|2011–12||Tyson Chandler||Center||United States||New York Knicks|
|2012–13||Marc Gasol||Center||Spain||Memphis Grizzlies|
|2013–14||Joakim Noah||Center||France[f]||Chicago Bulls (2)|
|2014–15||Kawhi Leonard^||Small forward||United States||San Antonio Spurs (3)|
|2015–16||Kawhi Leonard^ (2)||Small forward||United States||San Antonio Spurs (4)|
|2016–17||Draymond Green^[a]||Power forward||United States||Golden State Warriors|
|2017–18||Rudy Gobert^||Center||France||Utah Jazz (3)|
|2018–19||Rudy Gobert^ (2)||Center||France||Utah Jazz (4)|
|2019–20||Giannis Antetokounmpo^[b]||Power forward||Greece||Milwaukee Bucks (3)|
|2020–21||Rudy Gobert^ (3)||Center||France||Utah Jazz (5)|
|2021–22||Marcus Smart^||Point guard||United States||Boston Celtics (2)|
|4||Dikembe Mutombo||Denver Nuggets, Atlanta Hawks (2), Philadelphia 76ers||1995, 1997, 1998, 2001|
|Ben Wallace||Detroit Pistons||2002, 2003, 2005, 2006|
|3||Dwight Howard||Orlando Magic||2009, 2010, 2011|
|Rudy Gobert||Utah Jazz||2018, 2019, 2021|
|2||Sidney Moncrief||Milwaukee Bucks||1983, 1984|
|Mark Eaton||Utah Jazz||1985, 1989|
|Dennis Rodman||Detroit Pistons||1990, 1991|
|Hakeem Olajuwon||Houston Rockets||1993, 1994|
|Alonzo Mourning||Miami Heat||1999, 2000|
|Kawhi Leonard||San Antonio Spurs||2015, 2016|
|6||Detroit Pistons||1990, 1991, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006|
|5||Utah Jazz||1985, 1989, 2018, 2019, 2021|
|4||San Antonio Spurs||1986, 1992, 2015, 2016|
|3||Milwaukee Bucks||1983, 1984, 2020|
|Orlando Magic||2009, 2010, 2011|
|2||Atlanta Hawks||1997, 1998|
|Boston Celtics||2008, 2022|
|Chicago Bulls||1988, 2014|
|Denver Nuggets||1995, 2007|
|Houston Rockets||1993, 1994|
|Miami Heat||1999, 2000|
|1||Golden State Warriors||2017|
|Los Angeles Lakers||1987|
|New York Knicks||2012|
|Los Angeles Clippers|
|New Orleans Pelicans|
|Portland Trail Blazers|
- Won NBA championship in same season
- Won NBA Most Valuable Player Award in same season
- Hakeem Olajuwon was born in Nigeria, but became a naturalized United States citizen in 1993.
- Zaire was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo in May 1997.
- Ron Artest changed his name to Metta World Peace in 2011 and again to Metta Sandiford-Artest in 2020.
- Noah was born in the United States to a French father and a Swedish mother, and has played on the France national basketball team.
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- "Kevin Garnett Wins Defensive Player of the Year Award". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. April 25, 2008. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "Ben Wallace Wins Fourth Defensive Player of the Year Award". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. May 8, 2006. Archived from the original on November 28, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- Botemps, Tim (June 10, 2021). "Utah Jazz center Rudy Gobert wins 3rd career NBA Defensive Player of Year award". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
- McMenamin, Dave (February 5, 2013). "Dwight Howard trying to avoid 'circus'". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 6, 2013.
- Stein, Marc (January 8, 2004). "Defending the little guy". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016.
- Moore, Matt (April 7, 2015). "Rethinking Defensive Player of the Year: The Defensive Duo Award". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016.
- Winderman, Ira (April 24, 2013). "LeBron second in vote for NBA Defensive Player of Year". South Floria Sun Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 15, 2022.
- "Boston Celtics' Marcus Smart wins NBA Defensive Player of the Year award for first time". ESPN.com. April 18, 2022. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
- Velazquez, Matt (August 25, 2020). "Giannis Antetokounmpo is named NBA defensive player of the year and wants to share the credit". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 1, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- Begley, Ian (May 23, 2012). "Tyson named to all-defensive second team". ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on June 26, 2012.
- McGraw, Mike (June 2, 2014). "Noah dominates all-defensive voting". Daily Herald. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015.
- Gress, Steve (September 4, 2013). "Looking back at The Glove". Corvallis Gazette-Times. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014.
- "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio: 1992–93". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
- "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- "Artest's Name Change to Metta World Peace Approved". The New York Times. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- "Joakim Noah". HoopsHype.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2014.