NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award
The NBA's Defensive Player of the Year Award is an annual National Basketball Association (NBA) award given since the 1982–83 NBA season to the best defensive player of the regular season. The winner is selected by a panel of 124 sportswriters and broadcasters throughout the United States and Canada, each of whom casts a vote for first, second and third place selections. Each first-place vote is worth five points, second-place voted are worth three points, and a third-place vote is worth one. The player with the highest point total, regardless of the number of first-place votes, wins the award.
Since its inception, the award has been given to 21 different players. Dikembe Mutombo and Ben Wallace have each won the award a record four times. Dwight Howard is the only player to have won the award in three consecutive seasons. Sidney Moncrief, Mark Eaton, Dennis Rodman, Hakeem Olajuwon, Alonzo Mourning, and Kawhi Leonard have each won it twice. The most recent award recipient is Rudy Gobert of the Utah Jazz.
Although five of the first six winners were perimeter players, the award has traditionally been given to big men who rebound and block shots. Only seven perimeter players have been honored: Moncrief, Alvin Robertson, Michael Cooper, Michael Jordan, Gary Payton, Ron Artest (known now as Metta World Peace), and Kawhi Leonard. Payton is the only point guard to have won. Jordan, Olajuwon, David Robinson, and Kevin Garnett are the only Defensive Player of the Year winners to have won the NBA Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) during their careers; Jordan and Olajuwon won both awards in the same season. In Olajuwon's case, he is the only one to have also won the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award and the NBA championship in the same season. On four occasions, the Defensive Player of the Year recipient was not voted to the NBA All-Defensive First Team in the same year. Robertson in 1986, Mutombo (1995), Tyson Chandler (2012), and Marc Gasol (2013) were instead named to the second team. Whereas the Defensive Player of the Year is voted on by the media, the All-Defensive teams were voted on by NBA coaches prior to 2014.
Frenchman Rudy Gobert is the only winner who was trained completely outside the U.S. Out of the other three winners born outside the U.S., Mutombo and Olajuwon both played U.S. college basketball, and Gasol played U.S. high school basketball. Joakim Noah, who has played for the French national team, was born in New York City and played both high school and college basketball in the U.S.
|^||Denotes player who is still active in the NBA|
|*||Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame|
|Player (X)||Denotes the number of times the player has received the award|
|1982–83||Sidney Moncrief||Guard||United States||Milwaukee Bucks|
|1983–84||Sidney Moncrief (2)||Guard||United States||Milwaukee Bucks|
|1984–85||Mark Eaton||Center||United States||Utah Jazz|
|1985–86||Alvin Robertson||Guard||United States||San Antonio Spurs|
|1986–87||Michael Cooper[a]||Guard/Forward||United States||Los Angeles Lakers|
|1987–88||Michael Jordan*[a][b]||Guard||United States||Chicago Bulls|
|1988–89||Mark Eaton (2)||Center||United States||Utah Jazz|
|1989–90||Dennis Rodman*[a]||Forward||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|1990–91||Dennis Rodman* (2)[a]||Forward||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|1991–92||David Robinson*[a][b]||Center||United States||San Antonio Spurs|
|1992–93||Hakeem Olajuwon*[a][b]||Center||Nigeria[c]||Houston Rockets|
|1993–94||Hakeem Olajuwon* (2)[a][b]||Center||Nigeria[c]||Houston Rockets|
|1994–95||Dikembe Mutombo*||Center||Zaire[d]||Denver Nuggets|
|1995–96||Gary Payton*[a]||Guard||United States||Seattle SuperSonics|
|1996–97||Dikembe Mutombo* (2)||Center||Zaire[d]||Atlanta Hawks|
|1997–98||Dikembe Mutombo* (3)||Center||Democratic Republic of the Congo[d]||Atlanta Hawks|
|1998–99||Alonzo Mourning*[a]||Center||United States||Miami Heat|
|1999–00||Alonzo Mourning* (2)[a]||Center||United States||Miami Heat|
|2000–01||Dikembe Mutombo* (4)||Center||Democratic Republic of the Congo[d]||Philadelphia 76ers|
|2001–02||Ben Wallace[a]||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|2002–03||Ben Wallace (2)[a]||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|2003–04||Ron Artest[a][e]||Forward||United States||Indiana Pacers|
|2004–05||Ben Wallace (3)[a]||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|2005–06||Ben Wallace (4)[a]||Center||United States||Detroit Pistons|
|2006–07||Marcus Camby||Center||United States||Denver Nuggets|
|2007–08||Kevin Garnett[a][b]||Forward/Center||United States||Boston Celtics|
|2008–09||Dwight Howard^||Center||United States||Orlando Magic|
|2009–10||Dwight Howard^ (2)||Center||United States||Orlando Magic|
|2010–11||Dwight Howard^ (3)||Center||United States||Orlando Magic|
|2011–12||Tyson Chandler^[a]||Center||United States||New York Knicks|
|2012–13||Marc Gasol^||Center||Spain||Memphis Grizzlies|
|2013–14||Joakim Noah^||Center||France[f]||Chicago Bulls|
|2014–15||Kawhi Leonard^[a]||Forward||United States||San Antonio Spurs|
|2015–16||Kawhi Leonard^[a] (2)||Forward||United States||San Antonio Spurs|
|2016–17||Draymond Green^||Forward||United States||Golden State Warriors|
|2017–18||Rudy Gobert^||Center||France||Utah Jazz|
|1||Dikembe Mutombo||Denver Nuggets (1) /Atlanta Hawks (2) /Philadelphia 76ers (1)||4||1995, 1997, 1998, 2001|
|Ben Wallace||Detroit Pistons||2002, 2003, 2005, 2006|
|3||Dwight Howard||Orlando Magic||3||2009, 2010, 2011|
|4||Sidney Moncrief||Milwaukee Bucks||2||1983, 1984|
|Mark Eaton||Utah Jazz||1985, 1989|
|Dennis Rodman||Detroit Pistons||1990, 1991|
|Hakeem Olajuwon||Houston Rockets||1993, 1994|
|Alonzo Mourning||Miami Heat||1999, 2000|
|Kawhi Leonard||San Antonio Spurs||2015, 2016|
- Has won the NBA championship
- Has won the NBA Most Valuable Player Award
- Hakeem Olajuwon was born in Nigeria, but became a naturalized United States citizen in 1993.
- Zaire was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo in May 1997.
- Ron Artest changed his name into Metta World Peace on September 16, 2011.
- Noah has played on the France national basketball team, and also holds American and Swedish passports.
- "Nuggets' Camby Wins NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. May 1, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- "Kevin Garnett Wins Defensive Player of the Year Award". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. April 25, 2008. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "Ben Wallace Wins Fourth Defensive Player of the Year Award". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. May 8, 2006. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
- McMenamin, Dave (February 5, 2013). "Dwight Howard trying to avoid 'circus'". ESPN. Archived from the original on February 5, 2013.
- Stein, Marc (January 8, 2004). "Defending the little guy". ESPN.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016.
- Moore, Matt (April 7, 2015). "Rethinking Defensive Player of the Year: The Defensive Duo Award". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016.
- Winderman, Ira (April 24, 2013). "LeBron second in vote for NBA Defensive Player of Year". South Floria Sun Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 13, 2016.
- Gress, Steve (September 4, 2013). "Looking back at The Glove". Corvallis Gazette-Times. Archived from the original on February 5, 2016.
- "Michael Jordan Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "David Robinson Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- "Kevin Garnett Bio". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 10, 2008.
- Begley, Ian (May 23, 2012). "Tyson named to all-defensive second team". ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on March 12, 2013.
- McGraw, Mike (June 2, 2014). "Noah dominates all-defensive voting". Daily Herald. Archived from the original on March 16, 2015.
- "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio: 1992-93". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
- "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 8, 2009.
- "Artest's Name Change to Metta World Peace Approved". The New York Times. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- "Joakim Noah". HoopsHype.com. Archived from the original on April 22, 2014.