Constructions south of Schwerin
|Owner||NEL Gastransport GmbH|
|Partners||W & G Beteiligungs-GmbH & Co. KG (partnership of Wingas and Gazprom)
|Commissioned||2012 (first stage)
2013 (second stage)
|Length||440 km (270 mi)|
|Maximum discharge||20 billion cubic metres per annum (710×109 cu ft/a)|
|Diameter||56 in (1,422 mm)|
The NEL (Nordeuropäische Erdgasleitung, English: Northern European natural gas pipeline, formerly known as Norddeutsche Erdgasleitung) is a 440 kilometres (270 mi) long natural gas pipeline in Germany.
The pipeline runs from Lubmin near Greifswald through Sülstorf and Achim to Rehden. It connects the Nord Stream pipeline with the Rehden-Hamburg gas pipeline and MIDAL pipeline. Together with MIDAL it creates a Greifswald-Bunde[disambiguation needed] connection. The pipeline started operations on 5 November 2012. Between Sülstorf and Achim, it is using existing network.
The diameter of the pipeline is 56 inches (1,400 mm) and it uses 100 bars (10,000 kPa) operating pressure. Its capacity is 20 billion cubic metres (710 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year. The pipeline is expected to cost around €1 billion.
The developer of the pipeline asked exemption from the network access and transit fees regulation; however, this request was denied.
The pipeline was built by OPAL NEL TRANSPORT GmbH, a subsidiary of W & G Beteiligungs-GmbH & Co. KG (W & G). It is operated by NEL Gastransport GmbH. The shareholders of NEL are W & G Beteiligungs-GmbH & Co. KG (partnership of Wintershall Holding GmbH and Gazprom - 51%), E.ON Ruhrgas (10%), Gasunie (20%), and Fluxys (19%).
- "Gas supply starts through Nord Stream's NEL stretch under new contracts". Kyiv Post. 2012-11-06. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- "NEL: online and on time". Pipeline International. 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- Łukasz Antas (2007-11-14). "Nord Stream: the current status and possible consequences of the project's implementation". East Week (The Centre for Eastern Studies) (104). Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- "Gasunie takes NEL berth". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
- Vera Eckert (2009-02-25). "Germany rules favourably on OPAL gas pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
- "OPAL NEL TRANSPORT GmbH applies for exemption from regulation. Project company plans Nord Stream pipeline links" (Press release). Wingas. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
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