NER Class S3

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NER Class S3
LNER Class B16
Croxdale Down ECML oil train geograph-2848360-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
No. 61469 at Croxdale 12 June 1954
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Vincent Raven
Builder NER Darlington
Build date 1919-1924
Total produced 70
 • Whyte 4-6-0
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Leading dia. 3 ft 1 in (0.940 m)
Driver dia. 5 ft 8 in (1.727 m)
Wheelbase 27 ft 8 in (8.43 m) engine
12 ft 8 in (3.86 m) tender
52 ft 5.8 in (15.997 m) total
Axle load 20 long tons (20 t; 22 short tons)
Loco weight B16/1, 77.7 long tons (78.9 t; 87.0 short tons)
B16/2, 79.2 long tons (80.5 t; 88.7 short tons)
B16/3, 78.95 long tons (80.22 t; 88.42 short tons)
Tender weight 46.6 long tons (47.3 t; 52.2 short tons)
Total weight B16/1, 124.3 long tons (126.3 t; 139.2 short tons)
B16/2, 125.8 long tons (127.8 t; 140.9 short tons)
B16/3, 125.55 long tons (127.56 t; 140.62 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
 • Firegrate area
27 sq ft (2.5 m2)
Boiler 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) diameter
Boiler pressure 180 psi (1.2 MPa)
Heating surface 1,958 sq ft (181.9 m2)
 • Tubes 866 sq ft (80.5 m2)
 • Flues 534 sq ft (49.6 m2)
 • Firebox 166 sq ft (15.4 m2)
 • Heating area 392 sq ft (36.4 m2)
Cylinders three
Cylinder size 18 12 in × 26 in (470 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Performance figures
Tractive effort 30,312 lbf (134.83 kN)
Operators North Eastern Railway, London & North Eastern Railway, British Railways
Retired 1958-1964
Disposition All scrapped

The North Eastern Railway Class S3, classified B16 by the LNER, was a class of 4-6-0 steam locomotive designed for mixed traffic work. It was designed by Vincent Raven and introduced in 1920. The earlier members of this class were fitted with Westinghouse Brakes - all of this equipment was removed during the 1930s.


Seventy S3/B16 locomotives were built between 1919 and 1924. The NER began numbering this class in the range No. 840 through to No. 943 (though not contiguously), those built after late 1922 (from No. 2363 onwards) directly receiving their LNER number. In 1923 all seventy locomotives passed to the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER). Some of the existing members were subsequently rebuilt, as shown below (the initially built locomotives being re-designated class B16/1. Seven were rebuilt by Gresley, becoming class B16/2 and seventeen, by Thompson, designated class B16/3). Under the LNER re-numbering scheme, of 1946, they received numbers 1400-1468. Sixty-nine passed into British Railways ownership in 1948 and they were again re-numbered in the sequence 61400-61478. (Numbers 61400 to 61409 were directly re-numbered as 61469 to 61478). One locomotive, No. 925, was badly damaged (along with A4 4469 Sir Ralph Wedgwood) during a German air-raid on York, 29 April 1942 and was subsequently scrapped. The last, of any variety of B16, was scrapped in 1964 and none have been preserved.


B16/2 No.846 at Sunderland station 27 June 1953.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 27 June 1928, locomotive No. 2369 was involved in a head-on collision with an excursion train at Darlington, County Durham whilst it was shunting a parcels train. Twenty-five people were killed and 45 were injured.[1]
  • On 5 January 1946, locomotive No. 842 was hauling a freight train which became divided on the East Coast Main Line in County Durham. The train was brought to a halt at Browney Signalbox, but the rear portion crashed into it. The wreckage fouled signal cables, giving a false clear to a passenger train coming in the opposite direction. This train then collided with the wreckage. Ten people were killed and eight were severely injured.[2][page needed]


  1. ^ Hoole, Ken (1982). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 3. Redruth: Atlantic Books. pp. 27, 35. ISBN 0-906899-05-2. 
  2. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1991). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 7. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-50-8. 
  • Ian Allan ABC of British Railways Locomotives, part 4 (1948 ed.). p. 10. 

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