National Engineering and Scientific Commission
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|Predecessor||National Development Complex|
|Dr. Nabeel Hayat Malik|
|Strategic Plans Division (SPD), Ministry of Defence Production|
|National Development Complex
The National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) is a civilian controlled scientific and engineering organization in Pakistan, carrying out research and development in many areas including information technology, fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, aerospace engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and chemical engineering, with specialties in the design and production of communication systems and aerodynamic vehicles.
In 2007 it was reported that NESCOM had exported products worth approximately $40 million annually to various countries in the Middle East, South East Asia and Africa. According to then Chairman Samar Mubarakmand, NESCOM had developed various communication systems and electronic counter-measures systems for the Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Navy.
NESCOM is the successor of the National Development Complex (NDC) which was formed in 1993 as a separate organization. NDC was formed to bring the missile development efforts of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and the Pakistan Army under one roof. In 2001, under President Pervez Musharraf, a major reorganization of Pakistan's strategic organizations took place. In this reorganization, a new organization was formed, the Strategic Plans Division (SPD), and all strategic organizations were placed under the SPD.
In 2001, NDC and its sister organizations, the Project Management Organization (PMO), the Air Weapons Complex (AWC) and the Maritime Technologies Complex (MTC) were grouped together to form the National Engineering and Scientific Commission - NESCOM. NDC then became the ground-based missile systems division of NESCOM.
In 2004, it was revealed by then-Director Samar Mubarakmand that NESCOM had a staff of around 36,000. It was revealed that NESCOM was organized into divisions, with each division being headed by a top scientist of international repute having around 600-1000 engineers and technicians under his supervision.
The following organizations are grouped together under NESCOM:
- National Development Complex - responsible for the development of Pakistan's ground-based, solid-fueled ballistic missiles and cruise missile systems
- Air Weapons Complex - responsible for the development of air-launched cruise missiles and other air-to-air and air-to-surface ammunition
- Maritime Technologies Complex - responsible for the development of maritime defense systems including radars, sonar equipment, weapon launch systems. On December 29' 2016, the Karachi Shipyard started construction of an Azmat-class fast-attack craft indigenously designed by the MTC.
- Project Management Organization - responsible for the development of UAV and UCAV systems for use by the Pakistan Armed Forces
- Burraq - unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) armed with laser-guided missiles
- H-2 - precision-guided munition
- H-4 - precision-guided munition
- Shaheen-I - solid-fuel ballistic missile with a reported range of 700 km. The Shaheen was Pakistan's first solid-fuel missile. The missile project began in 1995 and the development and design was carried out by NESCOM's predecessor, the National Development Complex (NDC).
- Shaheen-IA - an upgraded version of the Shaheen-I with a range of 900 km. The upgrade was supposedly carried out by NESCOM in the early 2000s and supposedly included a terminal guidance system, improved radar-avoidance capability and stealth features.
- Shaheen-II - solid-fuel ballistic missile with a reported range of 2500 km.
- Shaheen-III - solid-fuel ballistic missile with a reported range of 2750 km .