Nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p100 subunit is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NFKB2gene.
NFKB has been detected in numerous cell types that express cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, cell adhesion molecules, and some acute phase proteins in health and in various disease states. NFKB is activated by a wide variety of stimuli such as cytokines, oxidant-free radicals, inhaled particles, ultraviolet irradiation, and bacterial or viral products. Inappropriate activation of NF-kappa-B has been linked to inflammatory events associated with autoimmune arthritis, asthma, septic shock, lung fibrosis, glomerulonephritis, atherosclerosis, and AIDS. In contrast, complete and persistent inhibition of NF-kappa-B has been linked directly to apoptosis, inappropriate immune cell development, and delayed cell growth. For reviews, see Chen et al. (1999) and Baldwin (1996).[supplied by OMIM]
Mutation of the NFKB2 gene has been linked to Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) as the cause of the disease. Other genes might also be responsible. The frequency of NFKB2 mutation in CVID population is yet to be established.
^Schmid RM, Perkins ND, Duckett CS, Andrews PC, Nabel GJ (Sep 1991). "Cloning of an NF-kappa B subunit which stimulates HIV transcription in synergy with p65". Nature352 (6337): 733–6. doi:10.1038/352733a0. PMID1876189.
^Bours, V; Franzoso G; Azarenko V; Park S; Kanno T; Brown K; Siebenlist U (Mar 1993). "The oncoprotein Bcl-3 directly transactivates through kappa B motifs via association with DNA-binding p50B homodimers". Cell (UNITED STATES) 72 (5): 729–39. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(93)90401-B. ISSN0092-8674. PMID8453667.
^ abcdeBouwmeester, Tewis; Bauch Angela, Ruffner Heinz, Angrand Pierre-Olivier, Bergamini Giovanna, Croughton Karen, Cruciat Cristina, Eberhard Dirk, Gagneur Julien, Ghidelli Sonja, Hopf Carsten, Huhse Bettina, Mangano Raffaella, Michon Anne-Marie, Schirle Markus, Schlegl Judith, Schwab Markus, Stein Martin A, Bauer Andreas, Casari Georg, Drewes Gerard, Gavin Anne-Claude, Jackson David B, Joberty Gerard, Neubauer Gitte, Rick Jens, Kuster Bernhard, Superti-Furga Giulio (Feb 2004). "A physical and functional map of the human TNF-alpha/NF-kappa B signal transduction pathway". Nat. Cell Biol. (England) 6 (2): 97–105. doi:10.1038/ncb1086. ISSN1465-7392. PMID14743216.Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help)
^Fong, Abraham; Sun Shao-Cong (Jun 2002). "Genetic evidence for the essential role of beta-transducin repeat-containing protein in the inducible processing of NF-kappa B2/p100". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 277 (25): 22111–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.C200151200. ISSN0021-9258. PMID11994270.
Chen F, Castranova V, Shi X, Demers LM (1999). "New insights into the role of nuclear factor-kappaB, a ubiquitous transcription factor in the initiation of diseases.". Clin. Chem.45 (1): 7–17. PMID9895331.