National Football League Most Valuable Player Award

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"Jim Thorpe Trophy" redirects here. For the college defensive back award, see Jim Thorpe Award.
Peyton Manning, five-time NFL MVP

The National Football League Most Valuable Player Award (NFL MVP) is an award given by various entities to the American football player who is considered most valuable to his team in the National Football League (NFL). Selectors of the award have included the Associated Press (AP), the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA), Pro Football Writers of America (PFWA), and United Press International (UPI). The first award described as a most valuable player award was the Joe F. Carr Trophy, awarded by the NFL from 1938 to 1946. Today, the winner of the AP award is frequently said to be the NFL MVP.[1][2][3][4] Since the 2011 season, the NFL has held the annual NFL Honors ceremony to recognize the winner of the Associated Press MVP award.[5]

Associated Press NFL MVP/POY Award[edit]

The AP NFL MVP award is voted upon by sportswriters at the end of the regular season, before the playoffs, though the results are not announced to the public until the day before the Super Bowl.

The award has been shared twice, in 1997 and 2003. Peyton Manning has won the award five times, the most of any player. In 2003, he shared the award with Steve McNair, of the Tennessee Titans. Manning is also the only player to win the MVP with more than one team (4 with the Colts, 1 with the Broncos). Jim Brown, Johnny Unitas, and Brett Favre were named MVP three times, while Joe Montana, Steve Young, Kurt Warner, Tom Brady, and Aaron Rodgers have each won the award twice. Favre is the only player to win the award three consecutive years, and Brady is the only player to ever be voted unanimously (2010). Most awardees have been quarterbacks and running backs; the only defensive players to be so honored have been Alan Page and Lawrence Taylor, and the only special teams player was Mark Moseley.

Confusion over 1958–1962 awards[edit]

On January 1, 2008, the AP stated that it awarded its first MVP in 1961.[6] It is possible that this is a reaction to an article in Pro Football Weekly that suggests the AP's listing of its awards was incorrect. As recently as the morning (EST) of the same date,[7][8] the AP's web site listed the 1957 MVP as Jim Brown, the 1958 MVP as Gino Marchetti, the 1959 MVP as Charlie Conerly, and the 1960 co-MVPs as Norm Van Brocklin and Joe Schmidt. The Pro Football Weekly.com article disputes the 1958, 1959, and 1960 winners. Since, as the PFW article points out, the AP began using the term "MVP" in 1961, it seems the pre-1960 winners are no longer considered "MVPs" but "Players of the Year." Adding to the confusion, the 1962 winner, Jim Taylor (in the story that moved across the AP wire in 1962) was the "Player of the Year", not the "Most Valuable Player." In 1963 the term "MVP" was used once again. According to another article by Pro Football Weekly, the terms "Player of the Year" and "Most Valuable Player" were interchangeable at the time. According to the 2014 NFL Record and Fact Book, the NFL "Most Outstanding Player Award" was given to Jim Brown in 1957 and 1958, Charley Conerly in 1959, and Norm Van Brocklin in 1960.[9]

In addition, Pro Football Journal showed that no AP story about NFL or AFL awards moved across the AP wires in 1960, thus there were no AP awards that season.[10]

Awardees[edit]

Denotes player who is still active in the NFL
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
Player (X) Denotes the number of times the player has been named MVP
Season Player Team Position Ref
1957 Brown, JimJim Brown Cleveland Browns Running back
1958 Brown, JimJim Brown (2) Cleveland Browns Running back [11]
1959 Unitas, JohnnyJohnny Unitas Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1960 Van Brocklin, NormNorm Van Brocklin Philadelphia Eagles Quarterback
1961 Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung Green Bay Packers Running back [12]
1962 Taylor, JimJim Taylor Green Bay Packers Running back
1963 Tittle, Y. A.Y. A. Tittle New York Giants Quarterback [13]
1964 Unitas, JohnnyJohnny Unitas (2) Baltimore Colts Quarterback [14]
1965 Brown, JimJim Brown (3) Cleveland Browns Running back
1966 Starr, BartBart Starr Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1967 Unitas, JohnnyJohnny Unitas (3) Baltimore Colts Quarterback [15]
1968 Morrall, EarlEarl Morrall Baltimore Colts Quarterback [16]
1969 Gabriel, RomanRoman Gabriel Los Angeles Rams Quarterback
1970 Brodie, JohnJohn Brodie San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1971 Page, AlanAlan Page Minnesota Vikings Defensive tackle
1972 Brown, LarryLarry Brown Washington Redskins Running back
1973 Simpson, O.J.O.J. Simpson Buffalo Bills Running back
1974 Stabler, KenKen Stabler Oakland Raiders Quarterback
1975 Tarkenton, FranFran Tarkenton Minnesota Vikings Quarterback
1976 Jones, BertBert Jones Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1977 Payton, WalterWalter Payton Chicago Bears Running back
1978 Bradshaw, TerryTerry Bradshaw Pittsburgh Steelers Quarterback
1979 Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell Houston Oilers Running back
1980 Sipe, BrianBrian Sipe Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1981 Anderson, KenKen Anderson Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1982 Moseley, MarkMark Moseley Washington Redskins Placekicker
1983 Theismann, JoeJoe Theismann Washington Redskins Quarterback
1984 Marino, DanDan Marino Miami Dolphins Quarterback
1985 Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen Los Angeles Raiders Running back
1986 Taylor, LawrenceLawrence Taylor New York Giants Linebacker
1987 Elway, JohnJohn Elway Denver Broncos Quarterback
1988 Esiason, BoomerBoomer Esiason Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1989 Montana, JoeJoe Montana San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1990 Montana, JoeJoe Montana (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1991 Thomas, ThurmanThurman Thomas Buffalo Bills Running back
1992 Young, SteveSteve Young San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1993 Smith, EmmittEmmitt Smith Dallas Cowboys Running back
1994 Young, SteveSteve Young (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1995 Favre, BrettBrett Favre Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1996 Favre, BrettBrett Favre (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1997 Favre, BrettBrett Favre (3)
Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders
Green Bay Packers
Detroit Lions
Quarterback
Running back
1998 Davis, TerrellTerrell Davis Denver Broncos Running back
1999 Warner, KurtKurt Warner St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2000 Faulk, MarshallMarshall Faulk St. Louis Rams Running back
2001 Warner, KurtKurt Warner (2) St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2002 Gannon, RichRich Gannon Oakland Raiders Quarterback
2003 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning
McNair, SteveSteve McNair
Indianapolis Colts
Tennessee Titans
Quarterback
Quarterback
2004 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning (2) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2005 Alexander, ShaunShaun Alexander Seattle Seahawks Running back
2006 Tomlinson, LaDainianLaDainian Tomlinson San Diego Chargers Running back
2007 Brady, TomTom Brady New England Patriots Quarterback
2008 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning (3) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2009 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning (4) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2010 Brady, TomTom Brady (2) New England Patriots Quarterback
2011 Rodgers, AaronAaron Rodgers Green Bay Packers Quarterback [17]
2012 Peterson, AdrianAdrian Peterson Minnesota Vikings Running back [18]
2013 Manning, PeytonPeyton Manning (5) Denver Broncos Quarterback [2]
2014 Rodgers, AaronAaron Rodgers (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback [19]
2015 Newton, CamCam Newton Carolina Panthers Quarterback [1]

Pro Football Writers Association NFL MVP Award[edit]

Pro Football Writers of America began naming their most valuable player in 1975 and continue to do so as of the 2015 season.[20][21]

Season Player Team Position
1975 Fran Tarkenton Minnesota Vikings Quarterback
1976 Bert Jones Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1977 Walter Payton Chicago Bears Running back
1978 Earl Campbell Houston Oilers Running back
1979 Earl Campbell (2) Houston Oilers Running back
1980 Brian Sipe Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1981 Ken Anderson Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1982 Dan Fouts San Diego Chargers Quarterback
1983 Joe Theismann Washington Redskins Quarterback
1984 Dan Marino Miami Dolphins Quarterback
1985 Marcus Allen Los Angeles Raiders Running back
1986 Lawrence Taylor New York Giants Linebacker
1987 Jerry Rice San Francisco 49ers Wide receiver[22]
1988 Boomer Esiason Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1989 Joe Montana San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1990 Randall Cunningham Philadelphia Eagles Quarterback
1991 Thurman Thomas Buffalo Bills Running back
1992 Steve Young San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1993 Emmitt Smith Dallas Cowboys Running back
1994 Steve Young (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1995 Brett Favre Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1996 Brett Favre (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1997 Barry Sanders Detroit Lions Running Back
1998 Terrell Davis Denver Broncos Running back
1999 Kurt Warner St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2000 Marshall Faulk St. Louis Rams Running back
2001 Marshall Faulk (2) St. Louis Rams Running Back
2002 Rich Gannon Oakland Raiders Quarterback
2003 Jamal Lewis Baltimore Ravens Running back[22]
2004 Peyton Manning Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2005 Shaun Alexander Seattle Seahawks Running back
2006 LaDainian Tomlinson San Diego Chargers Running back
2007 Tom Brady New England Patriots Quarterback
2008 Peyton Manning (2) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2009 Peyton Manning (3) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2010 Tom Brady (2) New England Patriots Quarterback
2011 Aaron Rodgers Green Bay Packers Quarterback
2012 Adrian Peterson Minnesota Vikings Running back
2013 [23] Peyton Manning (4) Denver Broncos Quarterback
2014 [24] Aaron Rodgers (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
2015 Cam Newton Carolina Panthers Quarterback

Newspaper Enterprise Association NFL MVP award[edit]

The Newspaper Enterprise Association presented its MVP award from 1955 to 2007.[25] The winner was chosen by a poll of NFL players and received the Jim Thorpe Trophy,[26] which by 1975 was described as "one of the pros' most coveted honors."[27] Beginning in 1997, the trophy was presented by the Jim Thorpe Association, with the winner determined by a "vote of NFLPA representatives".[28]

Season Player Team Position Ref
1955 Harlon Hill Chicago Bears End [29]
1956 Frank Gifford New York Giants Running back [30]
1957 Johnny Unitas Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1958 Jim Brown Cleveland Browns Fullback [31]
1959 Charlie Conerly New York Giants Quarterback [32]
1960 Norm Van Brocklin Philadelphia Eagles Quarterback [26]
1961 Y. A. Tittle New York Giants Quarterback [33]
1962 Jim Taylor Green Bay Packers Running back
1963 Y. A. Tittle (2)
Jim Brown (2)
New York Giants
Cleveland Browns
Quarterback
Running back
[34]
1964 Lenny Moore Baltimore Colts Halfback [35]
1965 Jim Brown (3) Cleveland Browns Running back
1966 Bart Starr Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1966 Johnny Unitas Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1968 Earl Morrall Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1969 Roman Gabriel Los Angeles Rams Quarterback
1970 John Brodie San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1971 Bob Griese Miami Dolphins Quarterback [36]
1972 Larry Brown Washington Redskins Running back
1973 O. J. Simpson Buffalo Bills Running back
1974 Ken Stabler Oakland Raiders Quarterback
1975 Fran Tarkenton Minnesota Vikings Quarterback [37]
1976 Bert Jones Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1977 Walter Payton Chicago Bears Running back
1978 Earl Campbell Houston Oilers Running back
1979 Earl Campbell (2) Houston Oilers Running back
1980 Earl Campbell (3) Houston Oilers Running back
1981 Ken Anderson Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1982 Dan Fouts San Diego Chargers Quarterback
1983 Joe Theismann Washington Redskins Quarterback
1984 Dan Marino Miami Dolphins Quarterback
1985 Walter Payton (2) Chicago Bears Running back
1986 Phil Simms New York Giants Quarterback
1987 Jerry Rice San Francisco 49ers Wide Receiver
1988 Roger Craig San Francisco 49ers Running back
1989 Joe Montana San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1990 Warren Moon Houston Oilers Quarterback
1991 Thurman Thomas Buffalo Bills Running back
1992 Emmitt Smith Dallas Cowboys Running back
1993 Emmitt Smith (2) Dallas Cowboys Running back
1994 Steve Young San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1995 Brett Favre Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1996 Brett Favre (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1997 Barry Sanders Detroit Lions Running back
1998 Randall Cunningham Minnesota Vikings Quarterback
1999 Kurt Warner St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2000 Marshall Faulk St. Louis Rams Running back
2001 Kurt Warner (2) St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2002 Rich Gannon Oakland Raiders Quarterback
2003 Peyton Manning Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2004 Peyton Manning (2) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2005 Shaun Alexander Seattle Seahawks Running back
2006 LaDainian Tomlinson San Diego Chargers Running back
2007 Tom Brady New England Patriots Quarterback
2008 Kurt Warner (3) Arizona Cardinals Quarterback
2009 Peyton Manning (3) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback

Sporting News NFL Player of the Year Award[edit]

Sporting News began awarding an NFL player of the year award in 1954. From 1970 to 1979, Sporting News chose AFC and NFC players of the year, and returned to a single winner in 1980. Beginning in 2012 Sporting News chose an offensive player of the year and a defensive player of the year[38][39]

Season Player Team Position
1954 Lou Groza Cleveland Browns Tackle-K
1955 Otto Graham Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1956 Frank Gifford New York Giants Running back
1957 Jim Brown Cleveland Browns Fullback
1958 Jim Brown (2) Cleveland Browns Fullback
1959 Johnny Unitas Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1960 Norm Van Brocklin Philadelphia Eagles Quarterback
1961 Paul Hornung Green Bay Packers Running back
1962 Y. A. Tittle New York Giants Quarterback
1963 Y. A. Tittle (2) New York Giants Quarterback
1964 Johnny Unitas (2) Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1965 Jim Brown (3) Cleveland Browns Running back
1966 Bart Starr Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1967 Johnny Unitas (3) Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1968 Earl Morrall Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1969 Roman Gabriel Los Angeles Rams Quarterback
1970 NFC- John Brodie
AFC- George Blanda
San Francisco 49ers
Oakland Raiders
Quarterback
QB-K
1971 NFC- Roger Staubach
AFC- Bob Griese
Dallas Cowboys
Miami Dolphins
Quarterback
Quarterback
1972 NFC- Larry Brown
AFC- Earl Morrall (2)
Washington Redskins
Miami Dolphins
Running back
Quarterback
1973 NFC- John Hadl
AFC- O.J. Simpson
Los Angeles Rams
Buffalo Bills
Quarterback
Running back
1974 NFC- Chuck Foreman
AFC- Ken Stabler
Minnesota Vikings
Oakland Raiders
Running back
Quarterback
1975 NFC- Fran Tarkenton
AFC- O. J. Simpson (2)
Minnesota Vikings
Buffalo Bills
Quarterback
Running Back
1976 NFC- Walter Payton
AFC- Ken Stabler (2)
Chicago Bears
Oakland Raiders
Running back
Quarterback
1977 NFC- Walter Payton (2)
AFC- Craig Morton
Chicago Bears
Denver Broncos
Running back
Quarterback
1978 NFC- Archie Manning
AFC- Earl Campbell
New Orleans Saints
Houston Oilers
Quarterback
Running back
1979 NFC- Ottis Anderson
AFC- Dan Fouts
St. Louis Cardinals
San Diego Chargers
Running back
Quarterback
1980 Brian Sipe Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1981 Ken Anderson Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1982 Mark Moseley Washington Redskins Kicker
1983 Eric Dickerson Los Angeles Rams Running back
1984 Dan Marino Miami Dolphins Quarterback
1985 Marcus Allen Los Angeles Raiders Running back
1986 Lawrence Taylor New York Giants Linebacker
1987 Jerry Rice San Francisco 49ers Wide Receiver
1988 Boomer Esiason Cincinnati Bengals Quarterback
1989 Joe Montana San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1990 Jerry Rice (2) San Francisco 49ers Wide Receiver
1991 Thurman Thomas Buffalo Bills Running back
1992 Steve Young San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1993 Emmitt Smith Dallas Cowboys Running back
1994 Steve Young (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1995 Brett Favre Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1996 Brett Favre (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1997 Barry Sanders Detroit Lions Running back
1998 Terrell Davis Denver Broncos Running back
1999 Kurt Warner St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2000 Marshall Faulk St. Louis Rams Running back
2001 Marshall Faulk (2) St. Louis Rams Running back
2002 Rich Gannon Oakland Raiders Quarterback
2003 Peyton Manning Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2004 Peyton Manning (2) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2005 Shaun Alexander Seattle Seahawks Running back
2006 LaDainian Tomlinson San Diego Chargers Running back
2007 Tom Brady New England Patriots Quarterback
2008 Peyton Manning (3) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2009 Peyton Manning (4) Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2010 Tom Brady (2) New England Patriots Quarterback
2011 Aaron Rodgers Green Bay Packers Quarterback
2012 Adrian Peterson* Minnesota Vikings Running back
2013 Peyton Manning* (5) Denver Broncos Quarterback
2014 Aaron Rodgers* (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
2015 Cam Newton* Carolina Panthers Quarterback
  • = Sporting News Offensive Player of the Year

Joe F. Carr Trophy[edit]

Don Hutson, the first multiple-time MVP

The Joe F. Carr Trophy was first awarded in 1938, known then as the Gruen Trophy,[40] and renamed in 1939 in honor of NFL commissioner Joseph Carr.[41][42] The Gruen Trophy, sponsored by Gruen Watch Co., was first awarded in 1937 to Dutch Clark of the Detroit Lions. However, both contemporary[43][44] and modern[45] sources consider the 1938 award the first retroactive Joe F. Carr Trophy, and thus the first NFL MVP award. Players were chosen by a panel of sportswriters who distributed first and second place votes. It was awarded until the 1946 season, and remains the only MVP award the NFL has officially sanctioned.[46]

Season Player Team Position Refs
1938 Mel Hein New York Giants Center, linebacker [40]
1939 Parker Hall Cleveland Rams Quarterback, halfback [42]
1940 Ace Parker Brooklyn Dodgers Quarterback, halfback [47]
1941 Don Hutson Green Bay Packers End [43]
1942 Don Hutson (2) Green Bay Packers End [48]
1943 Sid Luckman Chicago Bears Quarterback [49]
1944 Frank Sinkwich Detroit Lions Halfback [50]
1945 Bob Waterfield Cleveland Rams Quarterback [44]
1946 Bill Dudley Pittsburgh Steelers Halfback [51]

United Press International NFL MVP/POY award[edit]

United Press International gave an NFL MVP/player of the year award from 1948 through 1969, excepting 1949–50, and 1952. In 1970 UPI instituted separate awards for the NFC and AFC. In 1975 UPI added a Defensive Player of the Year Award for both the NFC and AFC.[52]

Season Player Team Position Ref
1948 Pat Harder Chicago Cardinals Fullback [53]
1949
No Award
1950
No Award
1951 Otto Graham Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1952
No Award
1953 Otto Graham (2) Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1954 Joe Perry San Francisco 49ers Fullback
1955 Otto Graham (3) Cleveland Browns Quarterback
1956 Frank Gifford New York Giants Halfback
1957 Y. A. Tittle San Francisco 49ers Quarterback [54]
1958 Jim Brown Cleveland Browns Fullback
1959 Johnny Unitas Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1960 Norm Van Brocklin Philadelphia Eagles Quarterback
1961 Paul Hornung Green Bay Packers Halfback
1962 Y. A. Tittle (2) New York Giants Quarterback
1963 Jim Brown (2) Cleveland Browns Fullback
1964 Johnny Unitas (2) Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1965 Jim Brown (3) Cleveland Browns Fullback
1966 Bart Starr Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1967 Johnny Unitas (3) Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1968 Earl Morrall Baltimore Colts Quarterback
1969 Roman Gabriel Los Angeles Rams Quarterback

Miller Lite NFL Player of the Year[edit]

Award discontinued after 2006.[55]

Season Player Team Position
1989 Joe Montana San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1990 Joe Montana (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1991 Thurman Thomas Buffalo Bills Running back
1992 Steve Young San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1993 Emmitt Smith Dallas Cowboys Running back
1994 Steve Young (2) San Francisco 49ers Quarterback
1995 Brett Favre Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1996 Brett Favre (2) Green Bay Packers Quarterback
1997 Barry Sanders Detroit Lions Running back
1998 Randall Cunningham Minnesota Vikings Quarterback
1999 Kurt Warner St. Louis Rams Quarterback
2000 Marshall Faulk St. Louis Rams Running back
2001 Marshall Faulk (2) St. Louis Rams Running back
2002 Rich Gannon Oakland Raiders Quarterback
2003 Jamal Lewis Baltimore Ravens Running back
2004 Peyton Manning Indianapolis Colts Quarterback
2005 Shaun Alexander Seattle Seahawks Running back
2006 Drew Brees New Orleans Saints Quarterback

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maske, Mark (February 6, 2016). "Cam Newton named NFL's MVP on eve of Super Bowl appearance". Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Peyton Manning wins fifth NFL MVP award". Los Angeles Times. February 1, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  3. ^ Ducey, Kenny (February 7, 2016). "Cam Newton named NFL MVP". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  4. ^ "NFL History: Awards". cbssports.com. CBS Sports. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  5. ^ "First-ever 'NFL Honors' show will be hosted by Baldwin in Indy". NFL.com. National Football League. January 3, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Third time's a charm: Colts QB Manning again wins NFL MVP award". NFL.com. Associated Press. January 2, 2009. Archived from the original on January 4, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  7. ^ "National Football League MVPs". ESPN.com. The Disney Company. Associated Press. January 2, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  8. ^ Wilner, Barry (January 2, 2009). "Three-time MVP in NFL now a party for two". Pjstar.com: Peoria Journal Star website. GateHouse Media. Associated Press. Retrieved January 4, 2009. 
  9. ^ Turney, John (January 11, 2010). "AP gets it partially right". Pro Football Weekly. Primedia. Archived from the original on December 16, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2010. 
  10. ^ "NFL MVPs and Players of the Year 1948 to Present". Pro Football Journal. Retrieved February 6, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Brown Tops Unitas In Most Valuable Player Vote". Park City Daily News. Associated Press. January 12, 1959. p. 7. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Noses Out Taylor; Hornung Most Valuable". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. December 21, 1961. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  13. ^ Becker, Jim (December 13, 1963). "Tittle named most valuable". Kentucky New Era. Associated Press. p. 16. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  14. ^ "John Unitas Given Honor As Most Valuable Player". Sarasota Journal. Associated Press. December 11, 1964. p. 23. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Johnny Unitas Wins Most Valuable Title". Ellensburg Daily Record. Associated Press. December 14, 1967. p. 5. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  16. ^ Beard, Gordon (December 19, 1968). "Morrall Most Valuable Player". The Evening News. Associated Press. p. 6D. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Aaron Rodgers wins MVP in landslide". ESPN.com. ESPN. February 5, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  18. ^ Klemko, Robert (February 2, 2013). "Adrian Peterson overcomes knee injury to win NFL MVP". USA Today. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Aaron Rodgers wins second MVP at NFL's annual awards program". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. January 31, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  20. ^ Bieler, Des (January 20, 2016). "Pro Football Writers name Cam Newton their NFL MVP". Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  21. ^ "PFWA NFL Most Valuable Player Winners". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "PFWA MVP winners". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  23. ^ [1] Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ Mike Spofford (2015-01-14). "Green Bay Packers – Official Blog | Aaron Rodgers wins first league MVP award of 2014". Blog.packers.com. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  25. ^ "Newspaper Ent. Assoc. NFL Most Valuable Player Winners". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  26. ^ a b Olderman, Murray (December 16, 1960). "Van Brocklin Gets Jim Thorpe Trophy". The Telegraph. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 12. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Harlon Hill Elected for Hall of Fame". Times Daily. October 26, 1975. p. 23. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  28. ^ Jim Thorpe Association Yearbook, 2007.
  29. ^ Grainger, Charles (February 20, 1957). "Harlon Hill Due For Six Months' Army Service". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. p. 9. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Giants' Frank Gifford Named Top Star in NFL by Players". The Pittsburgh Press. December 20, 1956. p. 24. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  31. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 16, 1958). "Cleveland's Jimmy Brown Grabs Jim Thorpe Trophy". TimesDaily. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 7. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  32. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 20, 1959). "Giant Ace Wins Thorpe Title". Gadsden Times. Newspaper Enterprise Association. Retrieved June 29, 2016. 
  33. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 27, 1961). "Players Name Tittle Thorpe Trophy Winner". The Telegraph. Newspaper Enterprise Association. p. 12. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  34. ^ "Tittle and Brown Win Thorpe Trophy". The Fort Scott Tribune. Newspaper Enterprise Association. December 23, 1963. p. 11. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  35. ^ Olderman, Murray (December 18, 1964). "Thorpe Trophy Caps Len Moore's Comeback". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 36. Retrieved June 27, 2016. 
  36. ^ "Bob Griese Gets Thorpe Trophy As Top Player". Gettysburgh Times. Associated Press. January 5, 1972. p. 4. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  37. ^ "Jim Thorpe award goes to Tarkenton". Gadsden Times. Newspaper Enterprise Association. January 21, 1976. p. 30. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  38. ^ [2] Archived July 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. ^ Barry Wilner (2013-04-04). "Adrian Peterson Wins 2012 Offensive Player Of The Year Award". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  40. ^ a b "Mel Hein Voted Most Valuable". The Spokesman-Review. January 18, 1940. p. 13. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  41. ^ "Storck Named President". The Pittsburgh Press. July 23, 1939. p. 16. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  42. ^ a b "Parker Hall Named Valuable Player". The Daily Times. January 18, 1940. p. 13. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  43. ^ a b "Don Hutson Voted Most Valuable Pro". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. February 12, 1942. p. 4. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  44. ^ a b "Waterfield Named Most Valuable Gridiron Player". Prescott Evening Courier. Associated Press. January 4, 1946. p. 5. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  45. ^ "Joe F. Carr Trophy (MVP) Winners". Pro-Football-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved June 15, 2016. 
  46. ^ Turney, John (February 21, 2015). "Dutch Clark's Missing 1937 MVP Award". nflfootballjournal.com. Pro Football Journal. Retrieved June 21, 2016. 
  47. ^ "Ace Parker, Brooklyn, Voted 'Most Valuable'". The Milwaukee Journal. Associated Press. January 18, 1941. p. 7. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  48. ^ "Don Hutson Named Most Valuable Pro". The Milwaukee Journal. United Press. January 28, 1943. p. 10. Retrieved June 14, 2016. 
  49. ^ "Sid Luckman Gets Grid Trophy". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. September 2, 1944. p. 3. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  50. ^ "Sinkwich Voted Most Valuable". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. April 3, 1945. p. 15. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  51. ^ "Bill Dudley Gets Trophy Sunday". The Pittsburgh Press. United Press. October 9, 1947. p. 40. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  52. ^ Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League. Bob Carroll. HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 9780062701749 pg. 389.
  53. ^ "Connerly Named Prize Rookie; Harder Honored". The Tuscaloosa News. United Press. December 15, 1948. p. 13. Retrieved June 22, 2016. 
  54. ^ "Tittle, Francis Feted at Million Dollar Dinner". The Bulletin. United Press. January 29, 1958. p. 3. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  55. ^ [3] Archived August 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.