NGC 1055

Coordinates: Sky map 02h 41m 45.2s, +00° 26′ 35″
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NGC 1055
Very Large Telescope image of NGC 1055
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension02h 41m 45.2s[1]
Declination+00° 26′ 35″[1]
Redshift994 ± 5 km/s
Distance52 Mly (16 Mpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)11.4[1]
TypeSBb:[1] II-III: spindle[2]
Apparent size (V)7.6 × 2.7[1]
Other designations
UGC 2173,[1] PGC 10208[1]

NGC 1055 is an edge-on spiral galaxy located in the constellation Cetus. The galaxy has a prominent nuclear bulge crossed by a wide, knotty, dark lane of dust and gas. The spiral arm structure appears to be elevated above the galaxy's plane and obscures the upper half of the bulge. Discovered on December 19, 1783 by William Herschel from his home in Slough England.

It is a binary system together with the bright spiral galaxy M77 (NGC 1068). These two are the largest galaxies of a small galaxy group that also includes NGC 1073, and five other small irregular galaxies.

NGC 1087, NGC 1090, and NGC 1094 appear close, but they simply appear in the field of view and are background galaxies.

Based on the published red shift, (Hubble Constant of 62 km/s per Mpc) a rough distance estimate for NGC 1055 is 52 million light-years, with a diameter of about 115,800 light-years. The separation between NGC 1055 and M77 is about 7 million light-years.

NGC 1055 is a bright infrared and radio source, particularly in the wavelength for warm carbon monoxide. Astronomers believe that this results from unusually active star formation. It most likely has a transitional nucleus, however, there is a small chance that it could be a LINER.[3]

NGC 1055, bottom, and companion galaxy M77, top, the two largest galaxies of a small galaxy group


  1. ^ a b c d e f g NED (February 25, 2007), Results for search on NGC 1055
  2. ^ a b Normandin, George (2002). "Edge-on Spiral Galaxy NGC 1055 in Cetus". Retrieved December 26, 2006
  3. ^ Ho, Luis C.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Sargent, Wallace L. W. (October 1997), "A Search for "Dwarf" Seyfert Nuclei. III. Spectroscopic Parameters and Properties of the Host Galaxies", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 315–390, arXiv:astro-ph/9704107, Bibcode:1997ApJS..112..315H, doi:10.1086/313041, S2CID 17086638

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