NGC 1399

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NGC 1399
NGC 1399 HST 10911 R814GB475.png
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Fornax
Right ascension 03h 38.5m[1]
Declination −35° 27′[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 9.9[1]
Type E1p[1]
Apparent size (V) 3.2′ × 3.1′[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 1399 is a large elliptical galaxy in the Southern constellation Fornax, the central galaxy in the Fornax cluster. [2]


It is a type-cD galaxy, with a bright center and a vast, diffuse envelope surrounding it.[3] It is also rich in globular clusters, with a population of them that has been estimated to be between 5,700[4] and 6,500.[5]

A supermassive black hole with a mass of 500 million solar masses may be present in the center of this galaxy.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e Dunlop, Storm (2005). Atlas of the Night Sky. Collins. ISBN 0-00-717223-0. 
  2. ^ "Multiwavelength Atlas of Galaxies - NGC 1399". Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  3. ^ GEBHARDT, K.; LAUER, T. R. (December 2004). "Probing the Formation History of NGC 1399 Using its Globular Cluster System". Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society. 36: 1482. 
  4. ^ Forbes, D. A.; Grillmair, C. J.; Williger, G. M.; Emerson, R. A. W.; Brodie, J. P. (January 1998). "HST imaging of the globular clusters in the Fornax cluster - NGC 1399 and NGC 1404". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 293: 325. Bibcode:1998MNRAS.293..325F. arXiv:astro-ph/9708025Freely accessible. doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.1998.01202.x. 
  5. ^ BASSINO, L. P.; FAIFER, F. R.; FORTE, J. C.; DIRSCH, B.; RICHTLER, T.; GEISLER, D.; SCHUBERT, Y. (June 2006). "Large-scale study of the NGC 1399 globular cluster system in Fornax". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 451 (3): 789–796. Bibcode:2006A&A...451..789B. arXiv:astro-ph/0603349Freely accessible. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20054563. 
  6. ^ GEBHARDT, K.; LAUER, T. R.; PINKNEY, J.; BENDER, R.; RICHSTONE, D.; ALLER, M.; BOWER, G.; DRESSLER, A. (December 2007). "The Black Hole Mass and Extreme Orbital Structure in NGC 1399". The Astrophysical Journal. 671 (2): 1321–1328. Bibcode:2007ApJ...671.1321G. arXiv:0709.0585Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/522938.