NGC 2070

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NGC 2070
30 Doradus or NGC 2070.jpg
ESO image of the 30 Doradus nebula
Credit: ESO/IDA/Danish 1.5 m/R. Gendler, C. C. Thöne, C. Féron, and J.-E. Ovaldsen
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension05h 38m 42s[1]
Declination−69° 06′ 00″[1]
Distance157 kly (48.5 kpc)
Apparent magnitude (V)7.25[1]
Apparent dimensions (V)3.50′ × 3.50′
Physical characteristics
Other designationsCaldwell 103 PKS 0539-69
See also: Open cluster, List of open clusters

NGC 2070 is a large open cluster and candidate super star cluster located on the south-east corner of the Large Magellanic Cloud.[2] It is located at the centre of the Tarantula Nebula and produces most of the energy that makes it visible. Its central condensation is the star cluster R136, one of the most energetic star clusters known.[3] It holds a number of massive stars, including the most massive star known, R136a1, at 315 M and 8.7 million L.[4]


  1. ^ a b c "NGC 2070". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  2. ^ Shapley, H.; Lindsay, E. M. (1963). "A Catalogue of Clusters in The LMC". Irish Astronomical Journal. 6: 74. Bibcode:1963IrAJ....6...74S.
  3. ^ Bosch, Guillermo; Terlevich, Elena; Terlevich, Roberto (2009). "Gemini/GMOS Search for Massive Binaries in the Ionizing Cluster of 30 Dor". Astronomical Journal. 137 (2): 3437–3441. arXiv:0811.4748. Bibcode:2009AJ....137.3437B. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/137/2/3437.
  4. ^ Hainich, R.; Rühling, U.; Todt, H.; Oskinova, L. M.; Liermann, A.; Gräfener, G.; Foellmi, C.; Schnurr, O.; Hamann, W.-R. (2014). "The Wolf-Rayet stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 565: A27. arXiv:1401.5474. Bibcode:2014A&A...565A..27H. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201322696.

External links[edit]

  • "NGC 2070". SEDS Messier Database. 25 February 2008.

Media related to NGC 2070 at Wikimedia Commons