Jump to content

NGC 3766

Coordinates: Sky map 11h 36m 06s, −61° 37′ 00″
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
NGC 3766
NGC 3766 image taken with the MPG/ESO 1.2-metre telescope at the La Silla Observatory[1]
Credit: ESO
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension11h 36.1m
Declination−61° 37
Distance5.5 kly
Apparent magnitude (V)5.3
Apparent dimensions (V)12.0
Physical characteristics
Radius9.6 ly
Easy to view via binoculars or telescope
Other designationsNGC 3766, Caldwell 97, Collinder 248, Melotte 107, Dunlop 289, Lacaille III.7, C1133-613
See also: Open cluster, List of open clusters
Map showing the location of NGC 3766.

NGC 3766 (also known as Caldwell 97) is an open star cluster in the southern constellation Centaurus. It is located in the vast star-forming region known as the Carina molecular cloud, and was discovered by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille during his astrometric survey in 1751–1752.[2] At a distance of about 1745 pc,[3] the cluster subtends a diameter of about 12 minutes of arc.[4]

There are 137 listed stars, but many are likely non-members, with only 36 having accurate photometric data.[5] It has a total apparent magnitude of 5.3 and integrated spectral type of B1.7.[3] NGC 3766 is relatively young, with an estimated age of log (7.160) or 14.4 million years,[4] and is approaching us at 14.8 km/s.[3] This cluster contains eleven Be stars, two red supergiants and four Ap stars.[5]

36 examples of an unusual type of variable star were discovered in the cluster. These fast-rotating pulsating B-type stars vary by only a few hundredths of a magnitude with periods less than half a day. They are main sequence stars, hotter than δ Scuti variables and cooler than slowly pulsating B stars.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "New Kind of Variable Star Discovered". ESO Press Release. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  2. ^ Jones, K. G. (March 1969). "The search for the nebulae - VI". Journal of the British Astronomical Association. 79: 213–222. Bibcode:1969JBAA...79..213J.
  3. ^ a b c "NGC 3766". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
  4. ^ a b "WEBDA Astronomical Database". WEBDA Page for NGC 3766. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
  5. ^ a b "Webda Astronomical Database". WEBDA Page for NGC 3766a. Retrieved 2013-06-13.
  6. ^ Saio, H; Ekström, S; Mowlavi, N; Georgy, C; Saesen, S; Eggenberger, P; Semaan, T; Salmon, S. J. A. J (2017). "Period–luminosity relations of fast-rotating B-type stars in the young open cluster NGC 3766". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 467 (4): 3864. arXiv:1702.02306. Bibcode:2017MNRAS.467.3864S. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx346.

External links[edit]