NGC 3941

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NGC 3941
NGC3941 - SDSS DR14.jpg
SDSS image of NGC 3941
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationUrsa Major
Right ascension 11h 52m 55.4s[1]
Declination+36° 59′ 11″[1]
Redshift930 ± 5 km/s[1]
Distance39 ± 11 Mly (12.1 ± 3.5 Mpc)[1]
Apparent magnitude (V)10.3
TypeSB(s)0^0^ [1]
Apparent size (V)3′.5 × 2′.3[1]
Notable featuresSeyfert galaxy
Other designations
UGC 6857, MCG +06-26-051, PGC 37235[1]

NGC 3941 is a barred lenticular galaxy located in the constellation Ursa Major. It is located at a distance of circa 40 million light years from Earth, which, given its apparent dimensions, means that NGC 3941 is about 40,000 light years across. It was discovered by William Herschel in 1787.


The galaxy has a counterrotating extended gas disk, which was possibly formed by a galaxy merger of accretion of gas with oppositely directed angular momentum. The disk has low velocity dispersion throughout, which suggests it has settled into equilibrium.[2] The gas is found primarily in two rings. The inner appears almost circular in HI imaging, which may mean it is inclined ∼20° or more with respect to the stellar disk, whereas the outer ring has approximately the same ellipticity with the stellar disk. The stellar disk is symmetric and there are evidence of weak spiral arms outside the primary bar.[3] In the infrared Ks-band, the bar has ansae-type morphology and in the inner elliptical there is an inner disc showing two-armed spirals.[4] Based on the fact that the spiral arms and the gas are rotating in different directions it has been suggested that the inner ionised gas and the outer HI gas are inclined, almost perpendicular to the stellar disk. The galaxy features also a secondary bar.[3]

NGC 3941 is type 2 Seyfert galaxy. In the centre of the galaxy lies a supermassive black hole whose mass is estimated to be, based on velocity dispersion, 141 million (108.14) M.[5]

Nearby galaxies[edit]

NGC 3941 forms a small galaxy group with NGC 3930 and UGC 6955, which is part of the Ursa Major Cluster.[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 3941. Retrieved 2016-01-18.
  2. ^ Fisher, David (March 1997). "Kinematic Profiles of SO Galaxies". The Astronomical Journal. 113: 950. Bibcode:1997AJ....113..950F. doi:10.1086/118312.
  3. ^ a b Erwin, Peter; Sparke, Linda S. (June 2003). "An Imaging Survey of Early‐Type Barred Galaxies". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 146 (2): 299–352. arXiv:astro-ph/0212092. Bibcode:2003ApJS..146..299E. doi:10.1086/367885.
  4. ^ Laurikainen, Eija; Salo, Heikki; Buta, Ronald (1 September 2005). "Multicomponent decompositions for a sample of S0 galaxies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 362 (4): 1319–1347. arXiv:astro-ph/0508097. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.362.1319L. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09404.x.
  5. ^ Panessa, F.; Bassani, L.; Cappi, M.; Dadina, M.; Barcons, X.; Carrera, F. J.; Ho, L. C.; Iwasawa, K. (31 July 2006). "On the X-ray, optical emission line and black hole mass properties of local Seyfert galaxies". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 455 (1): 173–185. arXiv:astro-ph/0605236. Bibcode:2006A&A...455..173P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20064894.
  6. ^ Makarov, Dmitry; Karachentsev, Igor (21 April 2011). "Galaxy groups and clouds in the local (z∼ 0.01) Universe". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 412 (4): 2498–2520. arXiv:1011.6277. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.412.2498M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.18071.x.

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