NGC 4051

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NGC 4051
An explosive galaxy NGC 4051.jpg
Hubble Space Telescope image of NGC 4051
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationUrsa Major
Right ascension12h 03m 09.686s[1]
Declination+44° 31′ 52.54″[1]
Helio radial velocity700 km/s[2]
Distance54.14 ± 0.98 Mly (16.6 ± 0.3 Mpc)[3]
Group or clusterUrsa Major Cluster
Apparent magnitude (V)12.92[4]
Apparent magnitude (B)11.08[4]
Size78,800 ly (24,160 pc)[2][note 1]
Apparent size (V)6.00′ × 4.98′[2][note 1]
Other designations
UGC 7030, MGC+08-22-059, PGC 38068[4]

NGC 4051 is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation of Ursa Major.[2] It was discovered on 6 February 1788 by John Herschel.[5]

NGC 4051 contains a supermassive black hole with a mass of 1.73 million M.[6] This galaxy was studied by the Multicolor Active Galactic Nuclei Monitoring 2m telescope.[7] Several supernovae have been discovered in NGC 4051: SN 1983I, SN 2010br, and SN 2003ie.[4]

The galaxy is a Seyfert galaxy that emits bright X-rays. However, in early 1998 the X-ray emission ceased as observed in by the Beppo-SAX satellite. X-ray emission had risen back to normal by August 1998.[8]

NGC 4051 is a member of the Ursa Major Cluster.[9][10][11] Its peculiar velocity is −490 ± 34 km/s, consistent with the rest of the cluster.[3]


  1. ^ a b Skrutskie, Michael F.; Cutri, Roc M.; Stiening, Rae; Weinberg, Martin D.; Schneider, Stephen E.; Carpenter, John M.; Beichman, Charles A.; Capps, Richard W.; Chester, Thomas; Elias, Jonathan H.; Huchra, John P.; Liebert, James W.; Lonsdale, Carol J.; Monet, David G.; Price, Stephan; Seitzer, Patrick; Jarrett, Thomas H.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Gizis, John E.; Howard, Elizabeth V.; Evans, Tracey E.; Fowler, John W.; Fullmer, Linda; Hurt, Robert L.; Light, Robert M.; Kopan, Eugene L.; Marsh, Kenneth A.; McCallon, Howard L.; Tam, Robert; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Wheelock, Sherry L. (1 February 2006). "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)". The Astronomical Journal. 131: 1163–1183. doi:10.1086/498708. ISSN 0004-6256.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "NED results for object NGC 3697". National Aeronautics and Space Administration / Infrared Processing and Analysis Center. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b Yuan, W.; Macri, L. M.; Peterson, B. M.; Riess, A. G.; Fausnaugh, M. M.; Hoffmann, S. L.; Anand, G. S.; Bentz, M. C.; Dalla Bontà, E.; Davies, R. I.; De Rosa, G.; Ferrarese, L.; Grier, C. J.; Hicks, E. K. S.; Onken, C. A.; Pogge, R. W.; Storchi-Bergmann, T.; Vestergaard, M. (2021). "The Cepheid Distance to the Narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy NGC 4051". The Astrophysical Journal. 913 (1): 3. arXiv:2012.05931. Bibcode:2021ApJ...913....3Y. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/abf24a. S2CID 228375026.
  4. ^ a b c d "NGC 4051". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  5. ^ "New General Catalog Objects: NGC 4050 - 4099". Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  6. ^ Denney, K. D.; Watson, L. C.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Atlee, D. W.; Bentz, M. C.; Bird, J. C.; Brokofsky, D. J.; Comins, M. L.; Dietrich, M.; Doroshenko, V. T.; Eastman, J. D.; Efimov, Y. S.; Gaskell, C. M.; Hedrick, C. H.; Klimanov, S. A.; Klimek, E. S.; Kruse, A. K.; Lamb, J. B.; Leighly, K.; Minezaki, T.; Nazarov, S. V.; Petersen, E. A.; Peterson, P.; Poindexter, S.; Schlesinger, Y.; Sakata, K. J.; Sergeev, S. G.; Tobin, J. J.; et al. (2009). "A revised broad-line region radius and black hole mass for the narrow-line Seyfert 1 NGC 4051". The Astrophysical Journal. 702 (2): 1353–1366. arXiv:0904.0251. Bibcode:2009ApJ...702.1353D. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/702/2/1353. S2CID 2528509.
  7. ^ Suganuma, Masahiro; Yoshii, Yuzuru; Kobayashi, Yukiyasu; Minezaki, Takeo; Enya, Keigo; Tomita, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Tsutomu; Koshida, Shintaro; Peterson, Bruce A. (2006). "Reverberation Measurements of the Inner Radius of the Dust Torus in Nearby Seyfert 1 Galaxies". The Astrophysical Journal. 639 (1): 46–63. arXiv:astro-ph/0511697. Bibcode:2006ApJ...639...46S. doi:10.1086/499326. ISSN 0004-637X. S2CID 7671684.
  8. ^ "Now you see it ..." New Scientist (2145): 23. 1 August 1998.
  9. ^ Tully, R. Brent; Verheijen, Marc A. W.; Pierce, Michael J.; Huang, Jia-Sheng; Wainscoat, Richard J. (December 1996). "The Ursa Major Cluster of Galaxies.I.Cluster Definition and Photometric Data". The Astronomical Journal. 112: 2471. arXiv:astro-ph/9608124. Bibcode:1996AJ....112.2471T. doi:10.1086/118196. ISSN 0004-6256. S2CID 7875515.
  10. ^ P. Fouque, E. Gourgoulhon, P. Chamaraux, G. Paturel; Gourgoulhon; Chamaraux; Paturel (1992). "Groups of galaxies within 80 Mpc. II - The catalogue of groups and group members". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 93: 211–233. Bibcode:1992A&AS...93..211F.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "The Ursa Major Groups". Retrieved 2018-04-20.


  1. ^ a b POSS1 103a-O values used.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 12h 03m 09.6s, +44° 31′ 55″