NGC 4088

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NGC 4088
NGC 4088
NGC 4088 2MASS (near-infrared)
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Ursa Major[1]
Right ascension 12h 05m 34.2s[2]
Declination +50° 32′ 21″[2]
Redshift 0.002524[2]
Helio radial velocity 757 ± 1 km/s[2]
Distance 51.5 ± 4.5 Mly
(15.8 ± 1.4 Mpc)[3]
Apparent magnitude (V) 11.2[2]
Type SAB(rs)bc[2]
Apparent size (V) 5′.8 × 2′.2[2]
Other designations
UGC 7081,[2] PGC 38302,[2] Arp 18,[2] VV 357[2]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 4088 is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major. In the Catalogue of Named Galaxies, it is called Larvalis Ursae Majoris, or the ghostly galaxy.[4] The galaxy forms a physical pair with NGC 4085, which is located 11′ away.[5]

NGC 4088 is a grand design spiral galaxy.[6] This means that the spiral arms in the galaxy's disk are sharply defined. In visible light, one of the spiral arms appears to have a disconnected segment. Halton Arp included this galaxy in the Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies as one of several examples where this phenomenon occurs.[7]

NGC 4088 and NGC 4085 are members of the M109 Group, a group of galaxies located in the constellation Ursa Major. This large group contains between 41 and 58 galaxies, including the spiral galaxy M109.[8][9][10]

Amateur image of NGC 4088, left, and companion NGC 4085, right.

Supernova 2009dd[edit]

On April 13, 2009, SN 2009dd was discovered in NGC 4088.[11] At apparent magnitude 13.8,[11] it became the third-brightest supernova of 2009.[12] In 1991 there was SN1991G.


  1. ^ R. W. Sinnott, ed. (1988). The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer. Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-933346-51-4. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4088. Retrieved 2006-11-16. 
  3. ^ "Distance Results for NGC 4088". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  4. ^ Bodifee, Gerard. "Catalogue of One Thousand Named Galaxies" (PDF). Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  5. ^ A. Sandage; J. Bedke (1994). Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. ISBN 0-87279-667-1. 
  6. ^ D. M. Elmegreen; B. G. Elmegreen (1987). "Arm classifications for spiral galaxies". Astrophysical Journal. 314: 3–9. Bibcode:1987ApJ...314....3E. doi:10.1086/165034. 
  7. ^ H. Arp (1966). "Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 14: 1–20. Bibcode:1966ApJS...14....1A. doi:10.1086/190147. 
  8. ^ R. B. Tully (1988). Nearby Galaxies Catalog. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-35299-1. 
  9. ^ A. Garcia (1993). "General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 100: 47–90. Bibcode:1993A&AS..100...47G. 
  10. ^ G. Giuricin; C. Marinoni; L. Ceriani; A. Pisani (2000). "Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups". Astrophysical Journal. 543 (1): 178–194. arXiv:astro-ph/0001140Freely accessible. Bibcode:2000ApJ...543..178G. doi:10.1086/317070. 
  11. ^ a b "Supernova 2009dd in NGC 4088". Astronomy Section, Rochester Academy of Science. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  12. ^ David Bishop. "Bright Supernovae - 2009". (International Supernovae Network). Retrieved 2010-06-04. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 12h 05m 34.2s, +50° 32′ 21″