NGC 4088

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NGC 4088
NGC 4088
NGC 4088 2MASS (near-infrared)
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationUrsa Major[1]
Right ascension12h 05m 34.2s[2]
Declination+50° 32′ 21″[2]
Helio radial velocity757 ± 1 km/s[2]
Distance51.5 ± 4.5 Mly
(15.8 ± 1.4 Mpc)[3]
Apparent magnitude (V)11.2[2]
Apparent size (V)5′.8 × 2′.2[2]
Other designations
UGC 7081,[2] PGC 38302,[2] Arp 18,[2] VV 357[2]

NGC 4088 is an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation Ursa Major. The galaxy forms a physical pair with NGC 4085, which is located 11′ away.[4]

NGC 4088 is a grand design spiral galaxy.[5] This means that the spiral arms in the galaxy's disk are sharply defined. In visible light, one of the spiral arms appears to have a disconnected segment. Halton Arp included this galaxy in the Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies as one of several examples where this phenomenon occurs.[6]

NGC 4088 and NGC 4085 are members of the M109 Group, a group of galaxies located in the constellation Ursa Major. This large group contains between 41 and 58 galaxies, including the spiral galaxy M109.[7][8][9]

On April 13, 2009, supernova SN 2009dd was discovered in NGC 4088.[10] At apparent magnitude 13.8,[10] it became the third-brightest supernova of 2009.[11] In 1991 there was SN1991G.



  1. ^ R. W. Sinnott, ed. (1988). The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer. Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-933346-51-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4088. Retrieved 2006-11-16.
  3. ^ "Distance Results for NGC 4088". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
  4. ^ A. Sandage; J. Bedke (1994). Carnegie Atlas of Galaxies. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. ISBN 978-0-87279-667-6.
  5. ^ D. M. Elmegreen; B. G. Elmegreen (1987). "Arm classifications for spiral galaxies". Astrophysical Journal. 314: 3–9. Bibcode:1987ApJ...314....3E. doi:10.1086/165034.
  6. ^ H. Arp (1966). "Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies". Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 14: 1–20. Bibcode:1966ApJS...14....1A. doi:10.1086/190147.
  7. ^ R. B. Tully (1988). Nearby Galaxies Catalog. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-35299-4.
  8. ^ A. Garcia (1993). "General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups". Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement. 100: 47–90. Bibcode:1993A&AS..100...47G.
  9. ^ G. Giuricin; C. Marinoni; L. Ceriani; A. Pisani (2000). "Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups". Astrophysical Journal. 543 (1): 178–194. arXiv:astro-ph/0001140. Bibcode:2000ApJ...543..178G. doi:10.1086/317070. S2CID 9618325.
  10. ^ a b "Supernova 2009dd in NGC 4088". Astronomy Section, Rochester Academy of Science. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2010-05-17.
  11. ^ David Bishop. "Bright Supernovae - 2009". (International Supernovae Network). Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2010-06-04.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 12h 05m 34.2s, +50° 32′ 21″