NGC 4298

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NGC 4298
NGC 4298 cropped.jpg
Hubble image of NGC 4298.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
ConstellationComa Berenices
Right ascension 12h 21m 32.7s[1]
Declination14° 36′ 22″[1]
Helio radial velocity1135 km/s[1]
Distance53 Mly (16.4 Mpc)[1]
Group or clusterVirgo Cluster
Apparent magnitude (V)12.5[1]
Mass1.5×1010[2] M
Size~55,000 ly (17 kpc) (estimated)[1]
Apparent size (V)3.30 x 1.24[1]
Other designations
CGCG 99-24, IRAS 12190+1452, KCPG 332A, MCG 3-32-7, PGC 39950, UGC 7412, VCC 483[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 4298 is a flocculent[3][4][5][6] spiral galaxy located about 53 million light-years away[7] in the constellation Coma Berenices. The galaxy was discovered by astronomer William Herschel on April 8, 1784[8] and is a member of the Virgo Cluster.[9][10][11]

NGC 4298 may harbor an intermediate-mass black hole with an estimated mass ranging from 20,000 (2×104 M☉) to 500,000 (5×105 M☉) solar masses.[12]

Interaction with NGC 4302[edit]

NGC 4298 appears to form a pair with[13][14][15] and appears to interact with NGC 4302.[13][2][14][16][15][17][18][4] Evidence for an interaction between the two galaxies are that NGC 4298 exhibits a lopsided, asymmetrical distribution of stars[4][16][15], a tidal bridge that connects it to NGC 4302[18][17][2], and a prodigious rate of star formation[19] and an HI-tail. However, the tail is also the result of ram pressure.[3]

The two galaxies are separated from a projected distance of ~36,000 ly (11 kpc).[20][15][3]

Ram-pressure stripping[edit]

The presence of a truncated gas disc,[3][4] an asymmetric 6 cm polarized radio continuum distribution,[13] an HI-tail,[3] and asymmetries of gas in a similar direction as the ram pressure stripped gas in NGC 4302 suggest that NGC 4298 is under going ram pressure.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4298. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  2. ^ a b c d Zschaechner, Laura K.; Rand, Richard J.; Walterbos, Rene (2015-01-15). "INVESTIGATING DISK-HALO FLOWS AND ACCRETION: A KINEMATIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF EXTRAPLANAR H I IN NGC 3044 AND NGC 4302". The Astrophysical Journal. 799 (1): 61. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/61. ISSN 1538-4357.
  3. ^ a b c d e Vlahakis, C.; Verstappen, J.; Smith, M. W. L.; Pohlen, M.; Grossi, M.; Fritz, J.; Looze, I. De; Clemens, M.; Ciesla, L. (2012-09-01). "The Herschel Virgo Cluster Survey - XI. Environmental effects on molecular gas and dust in spiral disks". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 545: A75. arXiv:1207.5051. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219689. ISSN 0004-6361.
  4. ^ a b c d Chemin, L.; Balkowski, C.; Cayatte, V.; Carignan, C.; Amram, P.; Garrido, O.; Hernandez, O.; Marcelin, M.; Adami, C. (2006-03-01). "A Virgo high-resolution Halpha kinematical survey - II. The Atlas". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 366: 812–857. arXiv:astro-ph/0511417. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09899.x. ISSN 0035-8711.
  5. ^ Elmegreen, Debra Meloy; Chromey, Frederick R.; Bissell, Bradley A.; Corrado, Kelli (1999-12-01). "K'-Band Observations of Underlying Symmetric Structure in Flocculent Galaxies". The Astronomical Journal. 118: 2618–2624. doi:10.1086/301127. ISSN 0004-6256.
  6. ^ Elmegreen, D. M. (1981-11-01). "A near-infrared atlas of spiral galaxies". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 47: 229–233. doi:10.1086/190757. ISSN 0067-0049.
  7. ^ "Your NED Search Results". Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  8. ^ "New General Catalog Objects: NGC 4250 - 4299". Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  9. ^ Binggeli, B.; Sandage, A.; Tammann, G. A. (September 1985). "Studies of the Virgo Cluster. II - A catalog of 2096 galaxies in the Virgo Cluster area. V - Luminosity functions of Virgo Cluster galaxies". The Astronomical Journal. 90: 1681. Bibcode:1985AJ.....90.1681B. doi:10.1086/113874. ISSN 0004-6256.
  10. ^ R. B. Tully (1988). Nearby Galaxies Catalog. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-35299-4.
  11. ^ "Detailed Object Classifications". Retrieved 2019-03-10.
  12. ^ Davis, Benjamin L.; Soria, Roberto; Graham, Alister W. (2018-11-08). "Expected intermediate mass black holes in the Virgo cluster. II. Late-type galaxies". doi:10.1093/mnras/sty3068. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  13. ^ a b c Vollmer, B.; Soida, M.; Beck, R.; Chung, A.; Urbanik, M.; Chyży, K. T.; Otmianowska-Mazur, K.; Kenney, J. D. P. (May 2013). "Large-scale radio continuum properties of 19 Virgo cluster galaxies: The influence of tidal interactions, ram pressure stripping, and accreting gas envelopes". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 553: A116. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201321163. ISSN 0004-6361.
  14. ^ a b Weżgowiec, M.; Urbanik, M.; Beck, R.; Chyży, K. T.; Soida, M. (September 2012). "The magnetic fields of large Virgo cluster spirals. II". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 545: A69. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201218871. ISSN 0004-6361.
  15. ^ a b c d Chung, Aeree; van Gorkom, J. H.; Kenney, Jeffrey D. P.; Crowl, Hugh; Vollmer, Bernd (2009-12-01). "VLA IMAGING OF VIRGO SPIRALS IN ATOMIC GAS (VIVA). I. THE ATLAS AND THE H I PROPERTIES". The Astronomical Journal. 138 (6): 1741–1816. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/138/6/1741. ISSN 0004-6256.
  16. ^ a b Chung, E. J.; Rhee, M.-H.; Kim, H.; Yun, Min S.; Heyer, M.; Young, J. S. (2009-10-01). "12 CO( J = 1 – 0) ON-THE-FLY MAPPING SURVEY OF THE VIRGO CLUSTER SPIRALS. I. DATA AND ATLAS". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 184 (2): 199–217. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/184/2/199. ISSN 0067-0049.
  17. ^ a b Saha, Kanak; de Jong, Roelof; Holwerda, Benne (2009-06-11). "The onset of warps in Spitzer observations of edge-on spiral galaxies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 396 (1): 409–422. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14696.x.
  18. ^ a b Hota, Ananda. "GMRT Observations of the Group Holmberg 124".
  19. ^ Malin, D. (1994). "Interacting Galaxies in the Virgo Cluster". 161: 567. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  20. ^ Chung, Aeree; van Gorkom, J. H.; Kenney, Jeffrey D. P.; Vollmer, Bernd (2007-04-01). "Virgo Galaxies with Long One-sided H I Tails". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 659: L115–L119. doi:10.1086/518034. ISSN 0004-637X.

External links[edit]