NGC 4580

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NGC 4580
NGC 4580 SDSS.jpeg
SDSS image of NGC 4580.
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension 12h 37m 48.4s[1]
Declination05° 22′ 07″[1]
Helio radial velocity1034 km/s[1]
Distance69.35 Mly (21.263 Mpc)[1]
Group or clusterVirgo Cluster
Apparent magnitude (V)12.7[1]
TypeSAB(rs)a pec, LINER[1]
Size~52,400 ly (16.08 kpc) (estimated)[1]
Apparent size (V)2.28 x 1.45[1]
Other designations
CGCG 42-183, IRAS 12352+0538, MCG 1-32-117, PGC 42174, UGC 7794, VCC 1730[1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 4580 is an unbarred spiral galaxy[2] located about 70 million light-years away[3] in the constellation Virgo.[4] NGC 4580 is also classified as a LINER galaxy.[3][5] It was discovered by astronomer William Herschel on February 2, 1786[6] and is a member of the Virgo Cluster.[2][7]

Physical characteristics[edit]

NGC 4580 consists of a ringed structure. The inner pseudoring of the galaxy is very well-defined and is made of two tightly wound spiral arms. Three very diffuse spiral arms which are partly defined by dust, split off from the inner pseudoring.[2]

Truncated Disk[edit]

NGC 4580 has a severely truncated star-forming disk. This may be due to ram-pressure stripping[2] caused by the infall of the Messier 49 subcluster into the Virgo Cluster.[8] Due to the truncation of the star forming disk, NGC 4580 is classified as an Anemic galaxy.[9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4580. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  2. ^ a b c d "NGC 4580 - SA(rs)ab". The de Vaucouleurs Atlas of Galaxies. Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  3. ^ a b "Your NED Search Results". Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  4. ^ "Revised NGC Data for NGC 4580". Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  5. ^ "NGC4580". Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  6. ^ "New General Catalog Objects: NGC 4550 - 4599". Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  7. ^ "The Virgo Cluster". Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  8. ^ Cortés, Juan R.; Kenney, Jeffrey D. P.; Hardy, Eduardo (2008). "Distances from Stellar Kinematics for Peculiar Virgo Cluster Spiral Galaxies". The Astrophysical Journal. 683 (1): 78. arXiv:0803.3638. Bibcode:2008ApJ...683...78C. doi:10.1086/588604. ISSN 0004-637X.
  9. ^ Koopmann, Rebecca A.; Kenney, Jeffrey D. P. (2004). "Hα Morphologies and Environmental Effects in Virgo Cluster Spiral Galaxies". The Astrophysical Journal. 613 (2): 866–885. arXiv:astro-ph/0406243. Bibcode:2004ApJ...613..866K. doi:10.1086/423191. ISSN 0004-637X.