NGC 4698 imaged with the 32-inch Schulman Telescope at Mount Lemmon Observatory
|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||12h 34m 20.310s|
|Declination||+08° 11′ 51.94″|
|Helio radial velocity||1,002 km/s|
|Distance||54.8 Mly (16.8 Mpc)|
|Group or cluster||Virgo Cluster|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.6|
|Apparent magnitude (B)||11.46|
|Apparent size (V)||4′.0 × 2′.9|
|Notable features||Seyfert-2 galaxy|
|PGC 43254, UGC 7970, VCC 2070|
NGC 4698 is a barred spiral galaxy located around 55 million light years away from Earth in the constellation of Virgo. It belongs to the Virgo Cluster of galaxies and is positioned near the northeastern edge of this assemblage. The morphological classification of NGC 4698 in the De Vaucouleurs system is SA(s)ab, which indicates a purely spiral structure with moderate to tightly wound arms. It is inclined to the line of sight from the Earth by an angle of 53° along a position angle of 170°.
A unique feature of this galaxy is that the stars and dust of the nuclear disk are rotating in a direction that is aligned perpendicularly to the galactic disk. The bulge likewise appears elongated out of the galactic plane. This unusual alignment may have been the result of a past merger event.
NGC 4698 is classified as a Seyfert-2 galaxy with an active galactic nucleus, which displays a prominent emission of radio and X-ray energy from the core while showing narrow emission lines in the optical spectrum. The unified model of Seyfert galaxies proposes that the nucleus of a Seyfert 2 galaxy is obscured by a thick torus of gas and dust. However, the varying X-ray emission of the core of NGC 4698 shows little indication of being obstructed, suggesting instead that the source of the energy emission is generally unobscured but anemic in nature.
- Skrutskie, M. F.; et al. (February 2006), "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)", The Astronomical Journal, 131 (2): 1163–1183, Bibcode:2006AJ....131.1163S, doi:10.1086/498708.
- Crook, Aidan C.; et al. (February 2007), "Groups of Galaxies in the Two Micron All Sky Redshift Survey", The Astrophysical Journal, 655 (2): 790–813, arXiv:astro-ph/0610732, Bibcode:2007ApJ...655..790C, doi:10.1086/510201.
- de Looze, Ilse; et al. (October 2011), "The reliability of [C II] as an indicator of the star formation rate", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 416 (4): 2712–2724, arXiv:1106.1643, Bibcode:2011MNRAS.416.2712D, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19223.x.
- Finlay, W. H. (2003), Concise Catalog of Deep-sky Objects: Astrophysical Information for 500 Galaxies, Clusters and Nebulae, Springer, p. 175, ISBN 978-1852336912.
- Corsini, E. M.; et al. (June 2012), "Polar bulges and polar nuclear discs: the case of NGC 4698", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 423 (1): L79–L83, arXiv:1204.2265, Bibcode:2012MNRAS.423L..79C, doi:10.1111/j.1745-3933.2012.01261.x.
- Georgantopoulos, I.; et al. (September 2003), "Chandra Observations of NGC 4698: A Seyfert 2 Galaxy with No Absorption", The Astrophysical Journal, 594 (2): 704–708, arXiv:astro-ph/0305488, Bibcode:2003ApJ...594..704G, doi:10.1086/377120.
- Buta, Ronald J.; et al. (2007), Atlas of Galaxies, Cambridge University Press, pp. 13–17, ISBN 978-0521820486.
- Giovanardi, C.; et al. (March 1996), "Near-Infrared Low-Resolution Mapping of Early-Type Spirals", Astronomical Journal, 111 (2): 1086–1097, Bibcode:1996AJ....111.1086G, doi:10.1086/117854.
- Tran, Hien D.; et al. (January 2011), "Indecent Exposure in Seyfert 2 Galaxies: A Close Look", The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 726 (2): L21, arXiv:1012.1865, Bibcode:2011ApJ...726L..21T, doi:10.1088/2041-8205/726/2/L21.