NGC 6067

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NGC 6067
NGC 6067.png
NGC 6067
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Constellation Norma
Right ascension 16h 13.2m[1]
Declination −54° 13′[1]
Distance 4,621 ly (1,417 pc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.6[1]
Apparent dimensions (V) 12′[3]
Physical characteristics
Mass 893[2] M
Estimated age 102 Myr[2]
See also: Open cluster, List of open clusters
Map showing the location of NGC 6067

NGC 6067 is an open cluster in the constellation Norma. It is located to the north of Kappa Normae, with an angular diameter of 12′. Visible to the naked eye in dark skies,[4][5] it is best observed with binoculars or a small telescope, and a 12-inch aperture telescope will reveal about 250 stars.[3][6] Discovered by James Dunlop in 1826, it has been described by John Herschel as "a most superbly rich and large cluster" and by Stephen James O'Meara as "one of the sky’s most stunning open star clusters".[7] Its brightest stars have an apparent magnitude of around 8.[8] There are 84 member stars with an apparent magnitude brighter than 12.[9]

NGC 6067 is located in the Norma Star Cloud in the Norma Arm of the Milky Way[7] and is 15 to 20 times as rich as the Pleiades and about the same age.[10] It is thought to be around 102 million years old, and contain 893 solar masses.[2] Two Cepheid variables, QZ Normae and V340 Normae, have been identified as members of the cluster, while a third nearby Cepheid—GU Normae—is considerably closer. Its period is only 3.5 days compared with the longer period of V340 Normae, indicating it is intrinsically less luminous (and hence closer), and its age has been estimated at 134 million years and hence too old to belong to the cluster.[11] V340 Normae is a yellow supergiant of spectral type G0Ib that varies between magnitudes 8.26 and 8.60 over 11.28 days,[12] while the fainter QZ Normae varies between magnitudes 8.71 and 9.03 over 3.79 days.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "NGC 6067 -- Open (galactic) Cluster". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d Piskunov, A. E.; Schilbach, E.; Kharchenko, N. V.; Röser, S.; Scholz, R.-D. (January 1, 2008). "Tidal radii and masses of open clusters". Astronomy and Astrophysics 477 (1): 165–172. Bibcode:2008A&A...477..165P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078525. 
  3. ^ a b Bakich, Michael E. (2010). 1001 Celestial Wonders to See Before You Die: The Best Sky Objects for Star Gazers. Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series. New York, New York: Springer. p. 190. ISBN 1-4419-1776-4. 
  4. ^ O'Meara, Stephen James (2013). Deep-Sky Companions: Southern Gems. Cambridge University Press. p. 295. ISBN 9781107015012. 
  5. ^ Cooper, Ian; Kay, Jenni; Kepple, George Robert (2008). The Night Sky Observer's Guide Vol 3: Th Southern Skies. Willmann-Bell, Inc. p. 257. ISBN 9780943396897. 
  6. ^ Tonkin, Stephen F. (2007). Binocular astronomy. Patrick Moore's practical astronomy series. Springer. p. 200. ISBN 1-84628-308-6. 
  7. ^ a b O'Meara, Stephen James (2013). Deep-Sky Companions: Southern Gems. Cambridge University Press. p. 293. ISBN 9781107015012. 
  8. ^ Inglis, Michael (2012). Astronomy of the Milky Way. New York, New York: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 137. ISBN 9781447106418. 
  9. ^ Bagnall, Philip M. (2012). The Star Atlas Companion: What You Need to Know about the Constellations. New York, New York: Springer. p. 311. ISBN 978-1-4614-0830-7. 
  10. ^ Thackeray, A D; Wesselink, A J; Harding, G A (1962). "The Cluster NGC 6067". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 124: 445–459. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  11. ^ Majaess, D.; Sturch, L.; Moni Bidin, C.; Soto, M.; Gieren, W.; Cohen, R.; Mauro, F.; Geisler, D.; Bonatto, C.; Borissova, J.; Minniti, D.; Turner, D.; Lane, D.; Madore, B.; Carraro, G.; Berdnikov, L. "Anchors for the Cosmic Distance Scale: the Cepheid QZ Normae in the Open Cluster NGC 6067". Bibcode:2013Ap&SS.347...61M. doi:10.1007/s10509-013-1495-1. 
  12. ^ Otero, Sebastian (11 October 2013). "V340 Normae". The International Variable Star Index. American Association of Variable Star Observers. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  13. ^ Watson, Christopher (4 January 2010). "QZ Normae". The International Variable Star Index. American Association of Variable Star Observers. Retrieved 16 June 2015.