NGR Class K 0-4-0ST
|NGR Class K 0-4-0ST
PPR 0-4-0ST Natal
South African 0-4-0ST 1891
NGR no. 89, c. 1891
In 1891, the Natal Government Railways placed five 0-4-0 saddle-tank locomotives in service as shunting engines. One was later sold to the Pretoria-Pietersburg Railway, while two more went to the Harbour Board of Natal. In 1905 or 1906, the remaining two of these locomotives became part of the Natal Class K. By 1912, four of these locomotives survived to come onto the roster of the South African Railways as unclassified obsolete locomotives.
The locomotive's cylinders were arranged outside the frame, while the slide valves were arranged between the frames and actuated by Stephenson valve gear link motion through rocker shafts. The boiler dome was arranged above the firebox, with two Salter safety valves which were adjusted to blow off at 140 pounds per square inch (965 kilopascals). The locomotive was equipped with a No. 40 combination ejector and two vacuum brake cylinders, each 15 inches (381 millimetres) in diameter.
Harbour Board of Natal
In c. 1897, another one of the locomotives, no. 90, was sold to the Pretoria-Pietersburg Railway (PPR), where it was named Natal and employed as a shunting engine. By 1912, when the South African Railways (SAR) classification and renumbering program was executed, this locomotive had also seen service with the Nederlandsche-Zuid-Afrikaansche Spoorweg-Maatschappij (NZASM) and the Imperial Military Railways (IMR) and was still in service on the Central South African Railways (CSAR), who used it as a shop engine in the Pretoria railway workshops.
Natal Government Railways
The other two locomotives remained in service on the NGR, where they were later renumbered to 510 and 511. By the turn of the 20th Century they were used on light duties like the testing of the vacuum brakes of passenger trains at Durban Station, such as the depicted Princess Christian Hospital Train which was used to attend wounded soldiers during the Second Boer War.
At some stage in 1905 or 1906, a locomotive classification system was introduced on the NGR and they became part of the Natal Class K, which consisted of a potpourri of different tank locomotive types, including an 0-6-0ST and four 2-6-0T engines. Both locomotives were still in service in 1905, but by the end of 1906, no. 510 had disappeared from the books.
South African Railways
When the Union of South Africa was established on 31 May 1910, the three Colonial government railways (Cape Government Railways, NGR and CSAR) were united under a single administration to control and administer the railways, ports and harbours of the Union. Although the South African Railways and Harbours came into existence in 1910, the actual classification and renumbering of all the rolling stock of the three constituent railways was only implemented with effect from 1 January 1912.
In 1912, Andy, Dick King, no. 511 and the Pretoria shop locomotive Natal came onto the roster of the SAR as unclassified obsolete locomotives. The named engines retained their names on the SAR, while no. 511 was renumbered 0511.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to NGR Class K 0-4-0ST.|
- Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 115, 126–127. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8.
- Holland, D.F. (1971). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 1: 1859–1910 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 119–120. ISBN 978-0-7153-5382-0.
- The Railway Report for year ending 31 Dec. 1906, Natal Government Railways.
- Espitalier, T.J.; Day, W.A.J. (1944). The Locomotive in South Africa - A Brief History of Railway Development. Chapter III - Natal Government Railways (Continued). South African Railways and Harbours Magazine, September 1944. p. 670.
- Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912, pp. 2, 11, 13, 17. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)
- Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. p. 21. ISBN 0869772112.
- Dulez, Jean A. (2012). Railways of Southern Africa 150 Years (Commemorating One Hundred and Fifty Years of Railways on the Sub-Continent – Complete Motive Power Classifications and Famous Trains – 1860–2011) (1st ed.). Garden View, Johannesburg, South Africa: Vidrail Productions. p. 26. ISBN 9 780620 512282.
- Soul of A Railway, System 6, Part 1: Durban Old Station. Caption 2. (Accessed on 8 March 2017)
- The Railway Report for year ending 31 Dec. 1908, Natal Government Railways, p. 39, par 14.
- The Railway Report for year ending 31 Dec. 1904, Natal Government Railways, Annexure B, Durban, January 1905.
- NGR Class K 0-4-0ST of 1891
- The South African Railways - Historical Survey. Editor George Hart, Publisher Bill Hart, Sponsored by Dorbyl Ltd., Published c. 1978, p. 25.