NOAA-16

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NOAA-16
NOAA-L satellite tilted in Vandenberg AFB clean room.jpg
NOAA-16 before launch
Mission type Weather satellite
Operator NOAA
COSPAR ID 2000-055A
SATCAT № 26536
Mission duration 2 years planned[1]
14 years achieved
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type TIROS-N
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
Launch mass 1,457 kilograms (3,212 lb)[2]
Power 830 watts[3]
Start of mission
Launch date 21 September 2000, 10:22 (2000-09-21UTC10:22Z) UTC[4]
Rocket Titan II(23)G Star-37XFP-ISS
Launch site Vandenberg SLC-4W
End of mission
Disposal Decommissioned
Deactivated 9 June 2014 (2014-06-10)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Sun-synchronous
Semi-major axis 7,226.86 kilometers (4,490.56 mi)[5]
Eccentricity 0.0009525[5]
Perigee 848 kilometers (527 mi)[5]
Apogee 862 kilometers (536 mi)[5]
Inclination 98.96 degrees[5]
Period 101.91 minutes[5]
Epoch 24 January 2015, 11:59:04 UTC[5]

NOAA-16, designated NOAA-L before launch, is one of the NASA-provided TIROS series of weather forecasting satellites operated by NOAA.

History[edit]

It was launched on 21 September 2000, in a sun-synchronous orbit, 849 km above the Earth, orbiting every 102 minutes. It hosts the AMSU, AVHRR and High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) instruments' APT transmitter. NOAA-16 has the same suite of instruments as carried by NOAA-15 plus an SBUV/2 instrument as well.[6]

NOAA-16's APT has been inoperable due to sensor degradation since November 15, 2000, and High Resolution Picture Transmission has been via STX-1 (1698 MHz) since November 9, 2010.[7]

NOAA-16 was decommissioned on 9 June 2014 after a critical anomaly.[7] On 25 November 2015, at 08:16, the JSpOC identified a possible breakup of NOAA 16 (#26536). All associated objects have been added to conjunction assessment screenings, and satellite operators will be notified of close approaches between the debris and active satellites. The JSpOC catalogs the debris objects when sufficient data is available.[8] As of 26 March 2016, 275 pieces of debris were being tracked.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "NOAA 15, 16, 17 (NOAA K, L, M)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "NOAA 16". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "UCS Satellite Database". Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "NOAA 16 Satellite details 2000-055A NORAD 26536". N2YO. 24 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "NOAA-N Prime" (PDF). NP-2008-10-056-GSFC. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2010. 
  7. ^ a b NOAA 16 Spacecraft Status Summary
  8. ^ "NOAA Weather Satellite suffers in-orbit Breakup". 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  9. ^ T.S. Kelso, CelesTrak [TSKelso] (26 March 2016). "That brings the total so far for the NOAA 16 debris event to 275 pieces, with none having decayed from orbit." (Tweet). Retrieved 28 March 2016.