NOAA-16

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NOAA-16
NOAA-L satellite tilted in Vandenberg AFB clean room.jpg
NOAA-16 before launch
Mission typeWeather satellite
OperatorNOAA
COSPAR ID2000-055A
SATCAT no.26536
Mission duration2 years planned[1]
14 years achieved
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeTIROS-N
ManufacturerLockheed Martin
Launch mass1,457 kilograms (3,212 lb)[2]
Power830 watts[3]
Start of mission
Launch dateSeptember 21, 2000, 10:22 (2000-09-21UTC10:22Z) UTC[4]
RocketTitan II(23)G Star-37XFP-ISS
Launch siteVandenberg SLC-4W
End of mission
DisposalDecommissioned
DeactivatedJune 9, 2014 (2014-06-10)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeSun-synchronous
Semi-major axis7,226.86 kilometers (4,490.56 mi)[5]
Eccentricity0.0009525[5]
Perigee848 kilometers (527 mi)[5]
Apogee862 kilometers (536 mi)[5]
Inclination98.96 degrees[5]
Period101.91 minutes[5]
EpochJanuary 24, 2015, 11:59:04 UTC[5]
← NOAA-15
NOAA-17 →

NOAA-16, designated NOAA-L before launch, is one of the NASA-provided TIROS series of weather forecasting satellites operated by NOAA.

History[edit]

It was launched on September 21, 2000, in a sun-synchronous orbit, 849 km above the Earth, orbiting every 102 minutes. It hosts the AMSU, AVHRR and High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) instruments' APT transmitter. NOAA-16 has the same suite of instruments as carried by NOAA-15 plus an SBUV/2 instrument as well.[6]

NOAA-16's APT has been inoperable due to sensor degradation since November 15, 2000, and High Resolution Picture Transmission has been via STX-1 (1698 MHz) since November 9, 2010.[7]

NOAA-16 was decommissioned on June 9, 2014 after a critical anomaly.[7] On November 25, 2015, at 08:16, the JSpOC identified a possible breakup of NOAA 16 (#26536). All associated objects have been added to conjunction assessment screenings, and satellite operators will be notified of close approaches between the debris and active satellites. The JSpOC catalogs the debris objects when sufficient data is available.[8] As of March 26, 2016, 275 pieces of debris were being tracked.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "NOAA 15, 16, 17 (NOAA K, L, M)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "NOAA 16". National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  3. ^ "UCS Satellite Database". Union of Concerned Scientists. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  4. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "NOAA 16 Satellite details 2000-055A NORAD 26536". N2YO. January 24, 2015. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  6. ^ "NOAA-N Prime" (PDF). NP-2008-10-056-GSFC. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. December 16, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 16, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2010.
  7. ^ a b NOAA 16 Spacecraft Status Summary Archived August 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "NOAA Weather Satellite suffers in-orbit Breakup". November 25, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
  9. ^ T.S. Kelso, CelesTrak [@TSKelso] (March 26, 2016). "That brings the total so far for the NOAA 16 debris event to 275 pieces, with none having decayed from orbit" (Tweet). Retrieved March 28, 2016 – via Twitter.