Neuregulin 4

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NRG4
Identifiers
AliasesNRG4, HRG4, neuregulin 4
External IDsMGI: 1933833 HomoloGene: 12921 GeneCards: NRG4
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 15 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 15 (human)[1]
Chromosome 15 (human)
Genomic location for NRG4
Genomic location for NRG4
Band15q24.2Start75,935,969 bp[1]
End76,059,795 bp[1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_138573

NM_032002

RefSeq (protein)

NP_612640

NP_114391

Location (UCSC)Chr 15: 75.94 – 76.06 MbChr 9: 55.22 – 55.33 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Neuregulin 4 also known as NRG4 is a member of the neuregulin protein family which in humans is encoded by the NRG4 gene.[5][6][7]

Function[edit]

The neuregulins, including NRG4, activate erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 4 (ERBB4) to initiating cell signaling through cytosolic tyrosine phosphorylation.[7]

Clinical significance[edit]

Loss of expression of NRG4 is frequently seen in advanced bladder cancer while increased NRG4 expression correlates to better survival.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000169752 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000032311 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ "Entrez Gene: NRG4 neuregulin 4".
  6. ^ Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (December 2002). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMC 139241. PMID 12477932.
  7. ^ a b Harari D, Tzahar E, Romano J, Shelly M, Pierce JH, Andrews GC, Yarden Y (April 1999). "Neuregulin-4: a novel growth factor that acts through the ErbB-4 receptor tyrosine kinase". Oncogene. 18 (17): 2681–9. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1202631. PMID 10348342.
  8. ^ Memon AA, Sorensen BS, Melgard P, Fokdal L, Thykjaer T, Nexo E (December 2004). "Expression of HER3, HER4 and their ligand heregulin-4 is associated with better survival in bladder cancer patients". Br. J. Cancer. 91 (12): 2034–41. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6602251. PMC 2409781. PMID 15583696.

Further reading[edit]