NS-Ordensburgen

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In Nazi Germany, the NS-Ordensburgen ("National Socialist Order Castles", singular Ordensburg), also called Schulungsburgen, were schools developed for elite Nazi military echelons. There were strict requirements for admission to the schools. Junker candidates had to be aged between 25 and 30 years old, belong to either the Nazi Party, the Hitler Youth, the Sturmabteilung, or the Schutzstaffel, be physically completely healthy, and be pure-blooded with no hereditary defects.

Under the reforms of the National Socialist Party, special schools for the children of important Nazi leaders were established. “Adolf Hitler Schools” were established for the elementary grades, and Ordensburgen (Order Castles or Schulungsburgen) were established for post-high school students. These schools were supposed to turn out future Party elite leaders, trained in technical and National Socialist Party ideological purity. Because the students were so isolated and their education was so specialized in these schools, the children that came out of these institutions were both arrogant and conceited, but knew nothing of any practical benefit. These schools were designed for students who had completed the Adolf Hitler Schools, undergone six months of cumpulsary labor service training, two years in the army and had chosen their professions.[1]

Many high party officials did not send their children to these schools, and even Martin Bormann sent only one of his more troublesome sons to an Adolf Hitler School as a form of discipline and punishment.[2]

The schools themselves were typically stark, modern structures with extensive facilities. Vogelsang, for instance, reportedly contained the world's largest gymnasium at the time. Each student attended all four institutions in sequence, for specialty training, finishing in Marienburg for training that included live-fire military exercises.

The three institutions for education of political leaders and their educational focuses were:

focus: racial philosophy of the new order;

focus: administrative and military tasks and diplomacy;

the facility was used by Germany's Bundeswehr until end of 2007.

focus: development of character;

According to the training model the disciples had to spend one year at each castle in order to become familiar with each educational focus.

A fourth Ordensburg was planned at (the historic) Ordensburg Marienburg, in West Prussia, which was to be established at the medieval Malbork Castle.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Pine, Lisa. 2010. Education in Nazi Germany. Oxford: Berg, 2010.
  2. ^ Speer, Albert. 1970. Inside the Third Reich. Page 147.

Bibliography[edit]