50 Let Pobedy
|Name:||50 Let Pobedy (50 лет Победы)|
|Namesake:||50th anniversary of the end of the Great Patriotic War|
|Port of registry:||Murmansk, Russia|
|Laid down:||4 October 1989|
|Launched:||29 December 1993|
|Commissioned:||23 March 2007|
|Status:||In active service|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Arktika-class icebreaker|
|Length:||159.6 m (524 ft)|
|Beam:||30 m (98 ft)|
|Draught:||11 m (36 ft)|
|Depth:||17.2 m (56 ft)|
|Installed power:||Two OK-900A nuclear reactors (2 × 171 MW)Two steam turbogenerators (2 × 27.6 MW)|
|Propulsion:||Nuclear-turbo-electricThree shafts (3 × 18 MW)|
|Speed:||18.6 knots (34.4 km/h; 21.4 mph) (maximum)|
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Mi-2, Mi-8 or Ka-27 helicopter|
|Aviation facilities:||Helipad and hangar for one helicopter|
Construction on project no. 10521 started on 4 October 1989, at the Baltic Works in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), USSR. Originally the ship was named Ural. Work was halted in 1994 for lack of funds, so that the actual fiftieth anniversary of Victory Day in 1995, after which she was named, found the ship in an abandoned state. Construction was restarted in 2003.
On 30 November 2004, a fire broke out on the ship. All workers aboard the vessel had to be evacuated while the fire crews battled the fire for some 20 hours before getting it under control; one worker was sent to the hospital.
She was finally completed in the beginning of 2007, after the 60th Anniversary. The icebreaker sailed into the Gulf of Finland for two weeks of sea trials on 1 February 2007. Upon completing sea trials, the icebreaker returned to St. Petersburg Baltic shipyard and started preparations for her maiden voyage to Murmansk. The new ship showed superior characteristics for an icebreaker, such as exceptional maneuverability and a top speed of 21.4 knots (39.6 km/h; 24.6 mph).
She arrived at her homeport Murmansk on 11 April 2007.
The icebreaker is an upgrade of the Arktika class. The 159.60 m (524 ft) long and 30.0 m (98 ft) wide vessel, with a displacement of 25,840 metric tons, is designed to break through ice up to 5 metres (16 ft) thick. She has a crew of 140.
Fiftieth Anniversary of Victory is also an experimental project; for the first time in the history of Russian icebreakers the design incorporated a spoon-shaped bow. As predicted by the ship's designers, such a shape increases the efficiency of the ship's efforts in breaking the ice. The icebreaker is equipped with an all-new digital automated control system. The biological shielding complex was heavily modernized and re-certified by the State Commission. A new ecological compartment was created.
The ship has an athletic/exercise facility, a swimming pool, a library, a restaurant, a massage facility, and a music salon at the crew's disposal.
A group of eclipse chasers have used the vessel to observe the eclipse of 1 August 2008. They departed from Murmansk on 21 July 2008, and reached the North Pole on 25 July 2008, which set a speed record for the ship (the trip lasted four days instead of seven).
Since 1989 the nuclear-powered icebreakers have also been used for tourist purposes carrying passengers to the North Pole. Each participant pays up to US$45,000 for a cruise lasting two weeks. The Fiftieth Anniversary of Victory contains an accommodation deck customised for tourists.
Quark Expeditions chartered the ship (which they name as 50 Years of Victory) for expeditions to the North Pole in 2008. The vessel's maiden voyage to the North Pole embarked in Murmansk, on 24 June 2008. The ship carried 128 guests in 64 cabins in five categories. 50 Years of Victory completed a total of three expeditions to the North Pole in 2008 for the polar adventure company.
In August 2017, the vessel set a new record for transit time to the North Pole, making the journey from Murmansk to the Pole in 79 hours, arriving at 02:33 AM on 17 August 2017.
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- Anastasia Yakonuk (26 February 2007). "A ship called 'Fifty years after the victory'". Sveriges Radio. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
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- Franz Josef Land & Eclipse viewing off Novaya Zemlya On Board the Icebreaker: "50 years of victory" Archived 18 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, TravelQuest International
- Nuclear-power icebreaker offers first passenger cruise to North Pole Archived 15 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Professional Mariner, journal of the maritime industry
- "ARC-NTH-14D2018: 2018-06-13". www.quarkexpeditions.com. Retrieved 12 April 2018.
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- "Den olympiske ild kom forbi Nordpolen". Maritime Denmark (in Danish). 27 October 2013.
- 50 Years of Victory Ship Details from Quark Expeditions with detailed deck plans
- Page dedicated to 50 Years of Victory on a website of Poseidon Expeditions containing numerous photos, description, deckplan and panoramas of cabins.
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- "So malerisch ist der Nordpol". Die Welt (in German). Hamburg. 14 August 2010. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Current location on satellite tracking website vesselfinder.com.