NS Mat '64

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Mat '64 / Plan V / Plan T
PlanV447+478.jpg
Two 2-car Mat '64 Plan V trains in 2011
Interieur Plan V.jpg
2nd Class interior
In service 1962–2016
Manufacturer Werkspoor, Talbot, Düwag
Replaced Mat '35, '36, '40
Constructed Plan T: 1961–1965
Plan V: 1966–1976
Entered service Plan T: 1962
Plan V: 1967
Refurbishment Plan T: 1999–2002
Scrapped Plan T: 2008–2011
Plan V: 2014–Present
Number built Plan T: 31
Plan V: 246
Number in service Plan T: 0
Plan V: 50[1]
Number preserved Plan T: 1
Plan V: 2
Number scrapped Plan T: 30
Formation Plan T: Bk + mBDK + mAB + Bk
Plan V: ABk + Bk
Fleet numbers Plan T: 501–531
Plan V: 401–438, 441–483, 801–965
Capacity Plan T: 1st Class: 41
2nd Class: 230
Plan V: 1st Class: 24
2nd Class: 104 / 118 / 120
Operator(s) Nederlandse Spoorwegen, Arriva, Connexxion, Veolia Transport
Specifications
Train length Plan T: 101.9 m (334 ft 4 in)
Plan V: 52.1 m (170 ft 11 in)
Doors Plan T: 16
Plan V: 8/10
Articulated sections Plan T: 4
Plan V: 2
Maximum speed 140 km/h (87 mph)
Weight Plan T: 163 t
Plan V: 86 t
Traction motors Smit-N.V. Heemaf
Power output Plan T: 1,400 kilowatts (1,900 hp)
Plan V: 508 1,220 kilowatts (1,640 hp)
Electric system(s) 1.5 kV DC Catenary
Current collection method Pantograph
UIC classification Plan T: 2'2'+Bo'Bo'+Bo'Bo'+2'2'
Plan V: 2'Bo'+Bo'2'
Coupling system Scharfenberg
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The NS Mat '64 or Materieel '64 were electric multiple units built by Werkspoor and later by Düwag and Waggonfabrik Talbot between 1961 and 1976. They were operated in the Netherlands by the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS) until 2016. The equipment consisted of independent four and two-car train sets called Plan T and Plan V: the Plan T is a 4-car EMU, and the Plan V is a 2-car EMU. Materieel '64 is sometimes nicknamed 'Apekoppen' (literal translation: 'monkey heads') due to their distinct shape.

Plan V was, for many years, with 246 units (although only 245 were present at the same time), the largest series of NS rolling stock, until the arrival of the VIRM. A number of train sets were also leased to and used by various regional carriers. Materieel '64 has been in service for 55 years, from 1961 to 2016, on the Dutch railway network.

Appearance[edit]

The Materieel '64 rolling stock has a convex nose, like the Materieel '54 rolling stock, to protect the train operator in case of an accident. It, however, sticks out less far than the Materieel '54 rolling stock and looks more like the Plan U rolling stock nose.

Originally, Plan T and the 30 oldest Plan V train sets were green with a light yellow band. From the in 1968 delivered 431 train set onwards, they were delivered in the new NS color scheme, which consisted of a yellow with gray and slanted blue advertising tracks. The reason, therefore, was to give the railways a new impetus in the context of Spoorslag '70. The older green train sets also received the new color scheme in the following years.

Manufacturing[edit]

The Materieel '64 prototype, Plan TT (Treinstel Toekomst, translation: 'Trainset Future') 501, was built by Werkspoor in 1961. In the years 1964-1965 the follow-up series Plan T was built and delivered in three partial series. Most trains where scrapped.

Plan V was delivered in 13 partial series in ten years (from 1966 to 1976). The first train set was already scrapped before the last train sets were delivered. The last two series (V12 and V13) are as old or even newer than the oldest SGM train sets. As of 2016, all of the train sets have been put out of service.

Design[edit]

The Materieel '64 design is derived from the DMU Plan U, which had been built a few years prior. It was the first rolling stock with the later frequently used swivel doors. The Scharfenberg coupler allows the train to travel as a consist, but not with other rolling stock. A notable difference between Plan T and Plan V is the number of train carriages: four (Plan T) and two (Plan V) respectively - the letter is therefore not the initial letter of the number of train carriages. Furthermore, the corner windows on the cabin at the head of the train were painted gray on Plan T and yellow on Plan V.

Notable Materieel '64 innovations compared to older rolling stock included:

  • double one-legged pantograph in the middle
  • buttons on the inside and outside of the train for opening and closing the doors with central door lock (the conductor no longer has to walk along the train to close the doors)
  • locked doors (passengers are no longer able to open the doors during the journey)
  • electronic departure signal (the operator sees a light on his instrument panel and no longer has to wait until the conductor gives the departure signal)
  • destination sign

Older train sets and carriages were later provided with central door lock and broadcasting system.

Not everything was renewed, for example, the characteristic heavy engine noise was maintained and the train sets all had a brake pad, a braking system in which a cast iron block is pushed onto the wheel tire when the train set starts to brake. This brake system leads to a roughening of the running surface, making the tire rolling noise high. More modern trains have a disc brake, which makes these trains quieter. The brake pad also causes a loud screeching sound at the end of the braking distance.

Withdrawal[edit]

In July 2010 the last Plan T EMUs were taken out of service. The Plan V EMUs are now the oldest units used by the NS. As of December 2012, only a small amount of routes are being served by Materieel '64 normally. They also had been used widely in 2010 and 2012 winters when many newer SLT's were broken, due to winter problems.[2] This might happen until all SLT's are 'snow-proof'.

A Plan V at Apeldoorn

In 2015 there were still 40 Plan V sets in service, used on stopping services outside the Randstad. All sets have been taken out of service in May 2016, because their revision period expired. Many sets have been scrapped already.

In late 2015, NS announced the withdrawal of the remaining Plan V sets in the 2016 timetable, starting in December 2015. However, due to a shortage of rolling stock, several sets were kept in service until the 4th of April 2016, when the last sets were finally taken out of service.

Details[edit]

In total there were 246 Plan V sets and 31 Plan T sets built, the table shows details of these sets.

Series: Built: Quantity when new: Set numbers:
Plan TT 1961 1 (Prototype) 501
Plan T 1964–1965 30 502–531
Plan V1, V2, V3 1966–1970 38 401–438
Plan V4 1969–1970 18 441–458
Plan V5 1969–1970 13 459–471
Plan V6 1969–1970 12 472–483
Plan V7 1970–1972 40 801–840
Plan V8 1972–1976 30 841–870
Plan V9 1972–1976 18 871–888
Plan V10 1972–1976 32 889–920
Plan V11 1972–1976 15 921–935
Plan V12 1972–1976 15 936–950
Plan V13 1972–1976 15 951–965

Services operated[edit]

The services that remained for Mat '64 in 2015 are listed below. These were all taken over by other rolling stock from April 2016 onwards.

Series Train Type Route Stock Notes
4400 Sprinter 's-HertogenboschOssNijmegen Mat '64 Connected with series 9600
6800 Sprinter Maastricht RandwyckMaastrichtSittardRoermond Mat '64
6900 Sprinter HeerlenSittard Mat '64
7000 Sprinter ApeldoornDeventerAlmeloHengeloEnschede Mat '64 No evening and weekend service between Almelo and Enschede
7500 Sprinter Ede-WageningenArnhem Mat '64
9600 Sprinter 's-HertogenboschEindhovenHelmondDeurne Mat'64 Connected with series 4400
23500 Intercity HeerlenSittard Mat '64 Only evening service

Timetable 2016[edit]

Since the beginning of timetable 2016, which started on December 13, 2015, the Nederlandse Spoorwegen planned to take all Materieel '64 trains out of service. However, that was not possible because there was a lack of deployable trains. That is also the reason why the Materieel ’64 trains could still be seen on some routes in early 2016. However, the trains were not scheduled to drive following a schedule; they will be operating on routes where they’re needed instead. In many cases, they will be seen on the same routes as they were driving on in 2015.

From the original 246 Materieel ’64 Plan V trains, the following 28 trains remain available for service; nrs. 441, 443, 444, 446, 447, 449–458, 463–466, 469, 471, 474, 475, 478–480, 482 and 965. These were all taken out of service on the 4th of April 2016.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ October 2014
  2. ^ "Tweederde nieuwe sprinters NS kapot". nu.nl. Retrieved 23 September 2016.