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NVivo 14
Stable release
NVivo 14.23.0 / 14 March 2023
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows, macOS
TypeQualitative data analysis

NVivo is a qualitative data analysis (QDA) computer software package produced by Lumivero (formerly called QSR International). NVivo is used across a diverse range of fields, including social sciences such as anthropology, psychology, communication, sociology, as well as fields such as forensics, tourism, criminology and marketing.


NVivo is intended to help users organize and analyze non-numerical or unstructured data. Its developers state that it helps qualitative researchers to organize, analyze and find insights in unstructured or qualitative data like interviews, open-ended survey responses, journal articles, social media and web content, where deep levels of analysis on small or large volumes of data are required.[1]

The software allows users to classify, sort and arrange information; examine relationships in the data; and combine analysis with linking, shaping, searching and modeling. The software can identify trends and cross-examine information in various ways using its search engine and query functions.[2] NVivo accommodates a wide range of research methods, including network and organizational analysis, action or evidence-based research, discourse analysis, grounded theory, conversation analysis, ethnography, literature reviews, phenomenology, mixed methods research and the Framework methodology.[3]

Version history[edit]

Tom Richards and Lyn Richards developed NUD*IST (Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing, Searching and Theorizing), a software program designed for detailed analysis of unstructured textual data, with the initial version for DEC-10 in 1981.[4][5][6] In 1997, an updated version of NUD*IST was named N4.

In 1994, Qualitative Solutions and Research Pty Ltd was set up at and then spun out of La Trobe University to support the development and marketing of NUD*IST, and shortly after the release of N4 (NUD*IST Rev 4) it began working on a ground-up redesigned sibling product, with many more features, initially named NUD*IST Alive then branded as NVivo.[7]

Development of the original product continue alongside the new one, with the final version, N6, being consolidated into NVivo 7 in 2006. NVivo for Teams, which allows multiple users on a server to work on a project at the same time, was first released in 2010. NVivo was released for Mac in 2014. Mac versions of the software tend to have fewer features.[8]

  • NUD*IST 1 (DEC10) - 1981
  • NUD*IST 2 (Vax/VMS and Unix) - 1987
  • NUD*IST 2.3 (Mac and PC) - 1990
  • NUD*IST 3 (Mac, later Windows 3.0) - 1993
  • N4 – 1997
  • NVivo - 1999
  • N5 – 2000
  • N6 – 2002
  • NVivo 2 – 2002
  • NVivo 7 – 2006
  • NVivo 8 – 2008
  • NVivo 9 and NVivo for Teams – 2010
  • NVivo 10 – 2012
  • NVivo for Mac – 2014
  • NVivo 11 (Windows only) – 2015
  • NVivo 12 (Windows, Mac, and Teams) – 2018
  • NVivo Release 1.0, also called NVivo 20 and NVivo R1 (Windows, Mac). Retroactively labeled as NVivo 13 – 2020
  • NVivo 14 – 2023 (Windows, Mac)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ McNiff, Kath (November 9, 2016). "What is Qualitative Research?". The NVivo Blog. QSR International. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  2. ^ Dearne, Karen (1 July 2008). "Not easy being green, but audits help". The Australian. Archived from the original on August 3, 2008.
  3. ^ "Strategic partnership delivers greater flexibility to qualitative researchers in the UK and around the world". National Centre for Social Research. 2011. Archived from the original on December 6, 2011.
  4. ^ Richards, Tom (2002). "An intellectual history of NUD*IST and NVivo". International Journal of Social Research Methodology. 5 (3): 199–214. doi:10.1080/13645570210146267. S2CID 143471345.
  5. ^ Miller, Robert L. (2006-03-31). "Review: Lyn Richards (2005). Handling Qualitative Data: A Practical Guide". Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research. 7 (2). doi:10.17169/fqs-7.2.107. ISSN 1438-5627.
  6. ^ Tom and Lyn Richards (2003), "The way ahead in qualitative research", Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, Vol.2, Issue 1, https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/jmasm/vol2/iss1/4/
  7. ^ Richards, Lyn (1999). "Data Alive! The Thinking Behind NVivo". Qualitative Health Research. 9 (3): 412–428. doi:10.1177/104973239900900310.
  8. ^ "Qualitative Research & Tools". George Mason University. Retrieved July 5, 2023.

External links[edit]