NYSE Arca, previously known as ArcaEx, an abbreviation of Archipelago Exchange, is an exchange on which both stocks and options are traded. It is owned by Intercontinental Exchange and is headquartered in Chicago.
Early reports indicate that NYSE Arca may have played an early role in the 2010 Flash Crash.
In November 1994, Stuart Townsend and Gerald Putnam founded TerraNova Trading LLC, an electronic securities exchange, in Chicago. Its product, Archipelago, started accepting trading orders on January 20, 1997. Archipelago is one of the first ECNs and a precursor to the Archipelago Exchange (ArcaEx) that was created in 2001 to facilitate electronic stock trading on US stock exchanges.
In 2005, Archipelago Holdings, the owner of ArcaEx, bought the Pacific Exchange, after what had been a close working relationship since 2001.
NYSE Arca's liquidity fee/rebate structure resembles that of other electronic communication networks. In late 2006, it was the first one to offer NASDAQ-style fees on New York Stock Exchange-listed securities, a move that was soon copied by NASDAQ and other electronic communication networks. NYSE Arca charges traders that remove liquidity from the Arca-book $3.00 per 1,000 shares. Traders that add liquidity receive a $2.00 rebate per 1,000 shares. Traders that route orders out of the NYSE Arca system are charged $1.00 per 1,000 shares for Tape A securities and $4.00 per 1,000 shares for other securities.