NZR V class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
New Zealand V class
V class locomotive NZ.jpg
AP Godber Collection, Alexander Turnbull Library
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Nasmyth, Wilson and Company, Manchester,  United Kingdom
Build date 1885
Total produced 13
 • Whyte 2-6-2
Gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Wheel diameter 49 in (1,245 mm)
Adhesive weight 23.7 long tons (24.1 t; 26.5 short tons)
Total weight 53.5 long tons (54.4 t; 59.9 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
 • Firegrate area
16 sq ft (1.5 m2)
Boiler pressure 135 psi (931 kPa)
Heating surface 862 sq ft (80.1 m2)
Cylinders Two
Cylinder size 15 in × 20 in (381 mm × 508 mm)
Loco brake Steam
Performance figures
Maximum speed 88 km/h (55 mph)
Tractive effort 9,890 lbf (44.0 kN)
Number in class 13
Locale Wellington and Manawatu Railway, Main South Line, Marton – New Plymouth Line.
Disposition One recovered from river, under restoration, Now at Feilding Steam Rail depot

The New Zealand V class steam locomotive was used on New Zealand's railway network from 1885 onwards. They were operated by New Zealand Government Railways and the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company.


The heavy increase in traffic by the early 1880s necessitated a design for a new class of passenger locomotive. The V class was conceived as an enlarged version of the 2-4-2 NZR K class of 1877. Instead of the K class's four coupled wheels, six coupled wheels were used. The order was placed with Nasmyth, Wilson and Company of Manchester. It took seven years for delivery to be made and then it was found that the engines were 5 and a half tons overweight without their tender.

As a result, the NZGR refused to accept the locomotives until the weight was pared down to an acceptable level. However, by the time they were modified, the engines had been superseded by the American-built NZR N class of similar dimensions.

The Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company also ordered three of those locomotives, numbers 6, 7, and 8, at a cost of about £6000 each (equivalent to about $1 million in 2011).[1] They were fitted with an ornate Rogers-styled wooden cab with Gothic windows, and an extended smokebox crowned with a copper-capped funnel. They could be fired with any light fuel including wood, and were very slightly heavier than the NZR version. They had inside frames and journals on both pony trucks. When the WMR was taken over by the NZR in 1908, they were included in the V class.

The locomotives had one weakness in their frames, just behind the cylinders. This weak spot, when stressed, would break; this occurred when the Branxholme locomotives were dumped, thus rendering their frames beyond repair. The Mararoa Junction locomotives may have suffered similarly.


The first withdrawals of the V class began around 1925 and ended in the early 1930s. Most of the engines were dumped as stripped hulks comprising the boiler, frames, cylinders and wheels at the Branxholme Locomotive Dump in 1927. V 126 and V 127 were dumped as substantially more complete hulks at Mararoa Junction, also in 1927, complete with their cabs and tenders. V 132 was dismantled at the Bealey Quarry and its frames dumped there.

The three WMR engines were withdrawn the same time and their boilers removed for stationary use or sale. One engine was dumped at Braxholme, while the other two are assumed to have been scrapped. One of the boilers from these engines was unearthed by KiwiRail in 2009 during construction of the Kai Iwi tunnel bypass.


In 1999, enthusiast Tony Bachelor salvaged the remains of locomotives V 35, V 125, and V 136 from Braxholme. Due to the weakness in the frames, the frame of V 132 and a Nasmyth Wilson pony truck were recovered from the Bealey Quarry. It was intended that the locomotives would be restored by the Hooterville Charitable Trust at Waitara, but this later fell through and Bachelor moved the remnants to his property in Ashurst.

In 2009, the parts of the four Vs, along with a boiler found during the Kai Iwi deviation construction, were donated to the Feilding and District Steam Rail Society. The parts were stored at the F&DSR depot in the Feilding yard, but now scrapped.

Class register[edit]

Key: In service On lease Out of service Preserved Overhaul or repair Scrapped
Road number Builder Builders number In service Withdrawn Notes
35 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 259 May 5, 1886 March 1919 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump on 5 June 1927. Parts recovered in 1998 for V 132, but scrapped in early 2014.
63 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 260 April 22, 1886 February 31, 1937 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump.
114 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 256 December 6, 1885 March 31, 1928 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump.
125 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 257 November 1, 1885 March 1925 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump on 5 June 1927. Parts recovered in 1998 for V 132, but scrapped in early 2014.
126 Nasmyth Wilson & Co. 261 November 10, 1885 March 1929 Dumped at Mararoa Junction in 1927.
127 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 255 February 3, 1886 March 1929 Dumped at Mararoa Junction in 1927. Fitted with 'P' style cab.
128 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 254 April 22, 1886 March 1927 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump.
129 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 258 September 30, 1886 March 1928 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump.
132 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 258 June 23, 1888 March 1925 Dumped at the "Quarry" on the Midland Line, for dismantling, in the 1920s. Recovered in 1998 and preserved by the Feilding and District Steam Rail Society. Formerly preserved by the Hooterville Charitable Trust.
136 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 253 June 10, 1890 March 1929 Dumped at the Branxholme locomotive dump on 5 June 1927. Parts recovered in 1998 for V 132, but scrapped in early 2014.
450 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 282 1885 March 31, 1922
V Class steam locomotive, Wellington and Manawatu Railway Co. no 6 (later NZR "V" 450) ATLIB 202503.png
Ex-WMRC 6.
451 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 283 1885 March 31, 1922 Ex-WMRC 7.
452 Nasmyth Wilson & Co 284 1885 March 31, 1922 Ex-WMRC 8.


  1. ^ "New Zealand Inflation Calculator". Reserve Bank of New Zealand. 11 January 2012. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010.
  • Heath, Eric, and Stott, Bob; Classic Steam Locomotives Of New Zealand, Grantham House, 1993
  • Cassells, K.R. Uncommon Carrier: The History of the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company, 1882-1908 (Wellington, NZRLS, 1994, ISBN 0-908573-63-4 ) pp. 156,169
  • W.W.Stewart, When Steam Was King, REED, 1970

External links[edit]