N (New York City Subway service)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Broadway Local
N symbol
NYC Subway R160B 8888 on the N.jpg
A train made of R160 cars in N service, approaching 39th Avenue.
N map
Note: Dashed red line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel
Northern end Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue
Stations 45
Rolling stock R68, R160B
Depot Coney Island Yard

The N Broadway Local is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[1] The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Astoria in Queens, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge, and Fourth Avenue / Sea Beach in Brooklyn. The N runs express on Fourth Avenue and local elsewhere at all times except nights when it serves all stops along its entire route, using the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn as a replacement for the R.

Service history[edit]

R1 BMT 4.gif
Original designation for the Sea Beach Line

The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.

On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.[2]

On September 14, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line and the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge opened. Trains ran from 14th Street – Union Square to Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue, now using the bridge's northern tracks.[2]

On January 15, 1918, service was extended to Times Square – 42nd Street.[2]

On May 2, 1957, service was extended north via the express tracks to 57th Street – Seventh Avenue.[2]

In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.

Beginning on January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.

The N designation begins to appear when R27 subway cars are moved to the line in April 1961.[2]

The NX designation was used for a rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach on the BMT Brighton Line, running through Coney Island, and then following the N route to 57th Street – Seventh Avenue. This short-lived service began on November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened) [3] and ended April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.[4][2]

A train made of R68 cars in N service service at 36th Street.

On August 28, 1976, N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. While some N trains ran the full route from Coney Island to 71st Avenue, via the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express, some trains ran local between Whitehall Street – South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue, which had been the EE route.[2]

On August 27, 1977, N service was cut back during late nights, only operating between 36th Street and Coney Island.[5]

Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 disrupted N service, usually removing it from the bridge. On April 13, 1986, the north side tracks on the Manhattan Bridge (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north side were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line. Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on the bridge's south side tracks, rush hour and midday N service stopped using the bridge, running via the Montague Street Tunnel and Lower Manhattan making local stops, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street – Seventh Avenue.[2]

On April 26, 1986, the M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replaced the N as the weekday express via the Fourth Avenue Line.[2] On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue. This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the N had direct access to both Jamaica Yard and Coney Island Yard, and the R, running from Bay Ridge to Astoria, lacked direct access to either yard.[2] When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times; In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours.[6]

On September 30, 1990, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was briefly restored. Express service on Broadway ran all times except nights (all service stopped at 49th Street due to heavy usage).[7] This very short service was halted by the discovery of a cracked beam under the south side tracks on the bridge.[2]

In 1994, the N switched back to express in Brooklyn only, from Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street to 59th Street, with the M running local instead on weekdays.[2]

From 1994 to 1996, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue. On November 4, 2001, it was cut back again as the terminal's reconstruction project continued.[2]

From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N express service in Brooklyn was discontinued for the duration of the closure.

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan was suspended; N service was also suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, N service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.

On September 8, 2002, because of the ongoing reconstruction of Coney Island terminal, weekend and late night N service was reduced to a shuttle between 86th and Pacific Streets, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. In its place, the W was extended to Manhattan and Astoria, Queens at all times; this was because the W was the only route still serving Stillwell Avenue during this part of the reconstruction.[2]

On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. The N returned to its full route in Manhattan and Queens at all times, and returned to using the Manhattan Bridge at all times except nights (via Fourth Avenue express, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). On weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn, using the bridge. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.[2]

On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service there was restored.[2]

On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street on weekdays to replace the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.

On August 2, 2013, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs and overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge.[8] Overnight N service through the tunnel resumed on September 14, 2014.

On February 19, 2016, the MTA announced that as part of a Second Avenue Subway-related reroute of BMT Broadway Line services, the N between 34th Street – Herald Square and Canal Street would likely run express during weekdays starting in fall 2016; local service would be replaced by a newly reinstated W train.[9][10][11] The MTA approved the service change on May 23, 2016.[12]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the N, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex.
nights
late
nights
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard Queensboro Plaza local    
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line Lexington Avenue / 59th Street Prince Street local
Canal Street express  
local    
City Hall Whitehall Street – South Ferry all
Manhattan Bridge south    
Montague Street Tunnel all    
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street – MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue bypass    
tunnel    
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center 59th Street express    
local    
BMT Sea Beach Line (full line) Eighth Avenue Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue  

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
N service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and denotes
Queens
Astoria Line
Stops all times Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard Q weekdays
Stops all times Astoria Boulevard Q weekdays M60 Select Bus Service bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 30th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times Broadway Q weekdays
Stops all times 36th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times 39th Avenue Q weekdays
Stops all times Queensboro Plaza Q weekdays
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
Stops all times Lexington Avenue / 59th Street Q weekdays R all except late nights
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all times (IND 63rd Street Line at Lexington Avenue – 63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times Fifth Avenue – 59th Street Q weekdays R all except late nights
Stops all times 57th Street – Seventh Avenue Q all times R all except late nights Northern terminal for select rush hour trains[13]
Stops all times 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access Q weekdays until 11:00 p.m. and late nights R all except late nights Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops all times Times Square – 42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street – Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops all times 28th Street Q late nights only R all except late nights
Stops all times 23rd Street Q late nights only R all except late nights
Stops all times 14th Street – Union Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops all times Eighth Street – New York University Q late nights only R all except late nights
Stops all times Prince Street Q late nights only R all except late nights
Manhattan Bridge Branch
Stops all times except late nights Canal Street Q all times R all except late nights
6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level
Lower Manhattan Branch (night service only)
Stops late nights only Canal Street Q all times except late nights
4 late nights 6 all times (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level.
Stops late nights only City Hall
Stops late nights only Cortlandt Street Handicapped/disabled access PATH at World Trade Center
Stops late nights only Rector Street
Stops late nights only Whitehall Street – South Ferry 1 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Montague Street Branch
Stops late nights only Court Street 2 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4 all times (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
Stops late nights only Jay Street – MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access A all times F all times (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
Stops late nights only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D late nights Q all times
Fourth Avenue Line (tunnel and bridge branches merge)
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access D all times R all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Union Street D late nights
Stops late nights only Ninth Street D late nights
F all times G all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops late nights only Prospect Avenue D late nights
Stops late nights only 25th Street D late nights
Stops all times 36th Street D all times R all times
Stops late nights only 45th Street R all times Transfer to late night R is available in the southbound direction only
Stops late nights only 53rd Street R all times Transfer to late night R is available in the southbound direction only
Stops all times 59th Street R all times
Sea Beach Line
Stops all times Eighth Avenue
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times New Utrecht Avenue D all times (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street) Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 18th Avenue Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 20th Avenue Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Bay Parkway
Stops all times Kings Highway Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Avenue U Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 86th Street Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
F all times (IND Culver Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. 
  3. ^ service notice, effective November 27, 1967
  4. ^ service notice, effective April 15, 1968
  5. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  6. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved 2016-06-17. 
  7. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  8. ^ "R Train To Resume Service Between Brooklyn And Manhattan Monday". cbslocal.com. 
  9. ^ "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  10. ^ "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  11. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  12. ^ "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  13. ^ "GTFS Schedule Data - New York City Transit Subway" (ZIP). New York, NY: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 

External links[edit]