N (New York City Subway service)
A train made of R68 cars in N service at 14th Street-Union Square.
Note: Dashed red line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel
|Northern end||Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard|
|Southern end||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue|
|Rolling stock||(Shared with W) 16 R68s (2 trains, AM rush)
310 R160Bs (31 trains)
|Depot||Coney Island Yard|
|Started service||June 22, 1915|
The N Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Astoria in Queens, Broadway in Manhattan, and Fourth Avenue/Sea Beach in Brooklyn.
On weekdays, the N runs express in Manhattan between 34th Street-Herald Square and Canal Street, with weekday local service being provided by the W, a branch of the N. On weekends, it makes all stops in Manhattan, with all trains being signed as N. Daytime service runs over the south side of the Manhattan Bridge and runs express along Fourth Avenue. During late nights, the N serves all stops along its entire route, using the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn.
On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.
On September 4, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line and the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge opened. Trains ran from 14th Street–Union Square to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue, now using the bridge's northern tracks.
In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.
Beginning on January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.
The NX designation was used for a rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach on the BMT Brighton Line, running through Coney Island, and then following the N route to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue. This short-lived service began on November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened) and ended April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.
On August 30, 1976, N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills–71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. While some N trains ran the full route from Coney Island to 71st Avenue, via the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express, some trains ran local between Whitehall Street–South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and Forest Hills–71st Avenue, which had been the EE route.
Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 disrupted N service, usually removing it from the bridge. On April 26, 1986, the north side tracks on the Manhattan Bridge (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north side were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line. Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on the bridge's south side tracks, rush hour and midday N service stopped using the bridge, running via the Montague Street Tunnel and Lower Manhattan making local stops, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.
On April 26, 1986, the M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replaced the N as the weekday express via the Fourth Avenue Line. On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills–71st Avenue. This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the N had direct access to both Jamaica Yard and Coney Island Yard, and the R, running from Bay Ridge to Astoria, lacked direct access to either yard. When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times; In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours.
On September 30, 1990, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was briefly restored. Express service on Broadway ran all times except nights (all service stopped at 49th Street due to heavy usage). This very short service was halted by the discovery of a cracked beam under the south side tracks on the bridge.
From 1994 to 1996, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. On November 4, 2001, it was cut back again as the terminal's reconstruction project continued.
From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N express service in Brooklyn was discontinued for the duration of the closure.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan was suspended; N service was also suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, N service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.
On September 8, 2002, because of the ongoing reconstruction of Coney Island terminal, weekend and late night N service was reduced to a shuttle between 86th and Pacific Streets, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. In its place, the W was extended to Manhattan and Astoria, Queens at all times; this was because the W was the only route still serving Stillwell Avenue during this part of the reconstruction.
On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. The N returned to its full route in Manhattan and Queens at all times, and returned to using the Manhattan Bridge at all times except nights (via Fourth Avenue express, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). On weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn, using the bridge. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.
On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street on weekdays to replace the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern. N trains that short-turned at 57th Street or Times Square during the AM rush hour continued to run express in Manhattan.
From August 2, 2013 to September 14, 2014, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs. During this time, overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge.
On February 19, 2016, the MTA announced that as part of a Second Avenue Subway-related reroute of BMT Broadway Line services, the 2004-2010 service pattern would be restored, with the N train running express between 34th Street–Herald Square and Canal Street on weekdays with local service replaced by a newly reinstated W train. The MTA approved the service change on May 23, 2016. The changes took place on November 7, 2016. The handful of N trains that currently short-turn at 57th Street - Seventh Avenue during rush hours will be extended to 96th Street using the Second Avenue Subway when it opens.
The following table shows the lines used by the N, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|BMT Astoria Line (full line)||Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard||Queensboro Plaza||local|
|60th Street Tunnel||all|
|BMT Broadway Line||Lexington Avenue/59th Street||Times Square–42nd Street||local|
|34th Street–Herald Square||Canal Street||express|
|City Hall||Whitehall Street–South Ferry||all|
|Montague Street Tunnel||all|
|BMT Fourth Avenue Line||Court Street||Jay Street–MetroTech||all|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||59th Street||express|
|BMT Sea Beach Line (full line)||Eighth Avenue||Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
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- "N train timetable 8:06 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "N train timetable 8:27 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
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- * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
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|Wikinews has related news: New York City Subway N service to be restored to Coney Island May 29, via the Sea Beach Line|