N (New York City Subway service)

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Broadway Express
N symbol
NYC Subway R160B 8888 on the N.jpg
A train made of R160B cars in N service approaching 39th Avenue.
R68 N Trainat14St.jpg
A train made of R68 cars in N service at 14th Street-Union Square.
N map
Note: Dashed red line shows late night service via the Montague Street Tunnel
Northern end Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations 45
Rolling stock (Shared with W) 16 R68s (2 trains, AM rush)
310 R160Bs (31 trains)
Depot Coney Island Yard
Started service June 22, 1915; 101 years ago (1915-06-22)

The N Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[1] The N operates at all times between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens, and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn via Astoria in Queens, Broadway in Manhattan, and Fourth Avenue/Sea Beach in Brooklyn.

On weekdays, the N runs express in Manhattan between 34th Street-Herald Square and Canal Street, with weekday local service being provided by the W, a branch of the N. On weekends, it makes all stops in Manhattan, with all trains being signed as N. Daytime service runs over the south side of the Manhattan Bridge and runs express along Fourth Avenue. During late nights, the N serves all stops along its entire route, using the Montague Street Tunnel to travel between Manhattan and Brooklyn.

Service history[edit]

R1 BMT 4.gif
Original designation for the Sea Beach Line

Before 1970[edit]

The route that is now the N was originally BMT service 4, known as the Sea Beach Line or Sea Beach Express.[2]

On June 22, 1915, the current BMT Sea Beach Line opened, replacing a street level "el" that branched off of the Fifth Avenue El with the former BMT West End Line. Originally, it used the south tracks of the Manhattan Bridge, which at that time connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line.[3][4]

On September 4, 1917, the first part of the BMT Broadway Line and the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge opened. Trains ran from 14th Street–Union Square to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue, now using the bridge's northern tracks.[3][5]

On January 15, 1918, service was extended to Times Square–42nd Street.[3]

On May 2, 1957, service was extended north via the express tracks to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.[3]

In 1959, trains began stopping at DeKalb Avenue during midday hours. Previously, they bypassed DeKalb Avenue at all times except late nights.

Beginning on January 1, 1961, trains bypassed DeKalb Avenue during rush hours only. In addition, on weekday evenings, late nights, and all day Sundays, they ran local on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line.

The N designation begins to appear when R27 subway cars are moved to the line in April 1961.[2][3]

1970-1980[edit]

NX A New Service
The NX joins the N

The NX designation was used for a rush hour peak-direction "super-express" service along the express tracks of the Sea Beach Line, beginning at Brighton Beach on the BMT Brighton Line, running through Coney Island, and then following the N route to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue. This short-lived service began on November 27, 1967 (when the Chrystie Street Connection opened)[6] and ended April 12, 1968 due to low ridership. Starting on Monday, April 15, 1968, the five NX trips instead ran as N trips.[2][3][7]

Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30

On August 30, 1976, N service was extended north over the BMT 60th Street Tunnel Connection to Forest Hills–71st Avenue to replace the discontinued EE. While some N trains ran the full route from Coney Island to 71st Avenue, via the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express, some trains ran local between Whitehall Street–South Ferry in Lower Manhattan and Forest Hills–71st Avenue, which had been the EE route.[2][3][8]

New York City Transit Authority Service Adjustment Poster 1977

On August 27, 1977, N service was cut back during late nights, only operating between 36th Street and Coney Island.[9]

1980-1990[edit]

Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 disrupted N service, usually removing it from the bridge. On April 26, 1986, the north side tracks on the Manhattan Bridge (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) were closed for rehabilitation, and services that had used the north side were moved to the south side, running via the BMT Broadway Line. Because of the large amount of train traffic now running on the bridge's south side tracks, rush hour and midday N service stopped using the bridge, running via the Montague Street Tunnel and Lower Manhattan making local stops, though evening, night and weekend trains continued to use the bridge and express tracks, terminating at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.[2][3]

On April 26, 1986, the M, which was rerouted from the BMT Brighton Line to the BMT West End Line, replaced the N as the weekday express via the Fourth Avenue Line.[3][10] On May 24, 1987, the N swapped northern terminals with the R. The N was switched to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard, while the R went to Forest Hills–71st Avenue. This was done to give the R direct access to Jamaica Yard; previously, the N had direct access to both Jamaica Yard and Coney Island Yard, and the R, running from Bay Ridge to Astoria, lacked direct access to either yard.[3][11] When the north side of the Manhattan Bridge reopened and the south side was closed on December 11, 1988, the N began running local in Manhattan and via the Montague Tunnel at all times; In order to replace B service to Ditmars Boulevard, additional N service was provided during rush hours.[2][12][13]

On September 30, 1990, full service on the Manhattan Bridge was briefly restored. Express service on Broadway ran all times except nights (all service stopped at 49th Street due to heavy usage).[14] This very short service was halted by the discovery of a cracked beam under the south side tracks on the bridge.[3]

1990-2000[edit]

In 1994, the N switched back to express in Brooklyn only, from Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street to 59th Street, with the M running local instead on weekdays.[3]

From 1994 to 1996, the southern terminal of the N was 86th Street due to rehabilitation work at Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue. On November 4, 2001, it was cut back again as the terminal's reconstruction project continued.[3]

From April to November 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed during midday and weekends. To allow B trains to lay up on the express tracks at Pacific Street, midday N express service in Brooklyn was discontinued for the duration of the closure.

2001-2010[edit]

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan was suspended; N service was also suspended and replaced by the W in Manhattan and Queens and the M in Brooklyn. On October 28, N service was restored, but Cortlandt Street remained closed until September 15, 2002.[15]

On September 8, 2002, because of the ongoing reconstruction of Coney Island terminal, weekend and late night N service was reduced to a shuttle between 86th and Pacific Streets, running express on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line. In its place, the W was extended to Manhattan and Astoria, Queens at all times; this was because the W was the only route still serving Stillwell Avenue during this part of the reconstruction.[3][16]

On February 22, 2004, the Manhattan Bridge work was finally completed. The N returned to its full route in Manhattan and Queens at all times, and returned to using the Manhattan Bridge at all times except nights (via Fourth Avenue express, bypassing DeKalb Avenue). On weekdays, N trains ran express between 34th Street in Manhattan and 59th Street in Brooklyn, and local elsewhere. On weekends, it makes local stops in Manhattan, but express in Brooklyn, using the bridge. During late nights, it runs local along its entire route via the Montague Street Tunnel, replacing the R train.[2][3][17][18]

On May 29, 2005, the new Stillwell Avenue terminal was completed, and N service between 86th Street and Coney Island was restored.[3][19]

On June 28, 2010, the N began running local in Manhattan north of Canal Street on weekdays to replace the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems, effectively adopting the weekend service pattern.[20][21] N trains that short-turned at 57th Street or Times Square during the AM rush hour continued to run express in Manhattan.[22][23][24][25]

2011-present[edit]

From August 2, 2013 to September 14, 2014, the Montague Street Tunnel was closed for Hurricane Sandy-related repairs. During this time, overnight N service was rerouted via the Manhattan Bridge.[2][26]

Notice of the N being made express in Manhattan

On February 19, 2016, the MTA announced that as part of a Second Avenue Subway-related reroute of BMT Broadway Line services, the 2004-2010 service pattern would be restored, with the N train running express between 34th Street–Herald Square and Canal Street on weekdays with local service replaced by a newly reinstated W train.[27][28][29] The MTA approved the service change on May 23, 2016.[30] The changes took place on November 7, 2016.[31] The handful of N trains that currently short-turn at 57th Street - Seventh Avenue during rush hours will be extended to 96th Street using the Second Avenue Subway when it opens.[32]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the N, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
week
days
week
ends
late
nights
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard Queensboro Plaza local  
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line Lexington Avenue/59th Street Times Square–42nd Street local
34th Street–Herald Square Canal Street express    
local      
City Hall Whitehall Street–South Ferry all
Manhattan Bridge south    
Montague Street Tunnel all    
BMT Fourth Avenue Line Court Street Jay Street–MetroTech all
DeKalb Avenue tunnel
bypass  
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center 59th Street express
local    
BMT Sea Beach Line (full line) Eighth Avenue Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue

Some N trains will terminate at 96th Street via the Second Avenue Subway when the subway opens in December 2016.[32]

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
N service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and denotes
Manhattan
Second Avenue Line (limited rush hour service only)[33]
Station closed 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access under construction Service to begin December 2016[34]
Station closed 86th Street Handicapped/disabled access under construction M15 Select Bus Service
M86 Select Bus Service
Service to begin December 2016[34]
Station closed 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access under construction Service to begin December 2016[34]
63rd Street Line
Station closed Lexington Avenue–63rd Street Handicapped/disabled access F all times N all times R all except late nights W weekdays only 4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction Service to begin December 2016[34]
Broadway Line
Stops all times 57th Street–Seventh Avenue N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only Uses express (inner) tracks
Stops all times Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Uses express (inner) tracks
Queens
Astoria Line
Stops all times Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard W weekdays only
Stops all times Astoria Boulevard W weekdays only M60 Select Bus Service bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 30th Avenue W weekdays
Stops all times Broadway W weekdays
Stops all times 36th Avenue W weekdays
Stops all times 39th Avenue W weekdays
Stops all times Queensboro Plaza W weekdays only
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
Stops all times Lexington Avenue/59th Street N all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all times (IND 63rd Street Line at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops all times Fifth Avenue–59th Street R all except late nights W weekdays only
Stops all times 57th Street–Seventh Avenue N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
Stops all times 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access Q late nights only R all except late nights W weekdays only Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops all times Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal]
Stops all times 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops late nights and weekends 28th Street Q late nights only R all except late nights W weekdays only
Stops late nights and weekends 23rd Street Q late nights only R all except late nights W weekdays only M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 14th Street–Union Square Handicapped/disabled access Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops late nights and weekends Eighth Street–New York University Q late nights only R all except late nights W weekdays only
Stops late nights and weekends Prince Street Q late nights only R all except late nights W weekdays only
Manhattan Bridge Branch
Stops all times except late nights Canal Street (Broadway) Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays only
6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level, under Canal Street
Lower Manhattan Branch (night service only)
Stops late nights only Canal Street Q all times except late nights
4 late nights 6 all times (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the upper level, under Broadway
Stops late nights only City Hall
Stops late nights only Cortlandt Street Handicapped/disabled access PATH at World Trade Center
Stops late nights only Rector Street
Stops late nights only Whitehall Street–South Ferry R all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at South Ferry
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Montague Street Branch
Stops late nights only Court Street R all times
2 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line) at Borough Hall
4 all times (IRT Eastern Parkway Line) at Borough Hall
Stops late nights only Jay Street–MetroTech Handicapped/disabled access R all times
A all times F all times (IND Fulton Street and Culver Lines)
Stops late nights only DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D late nights Q all times R all times
Fourth Avenue Line (tunnel and bridge branches merge)
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access D all times R all times
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
2 all times 3 all except late nights 4 all times 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m. (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Union Street D late nights R all times
Stops late nights only Ninth Street D late nights R all times
F all times G all times (IND Culver Line at Fourth Avenue)
Stops late nights only Prospect Avenue D late nights R all times
Stops late nights only 25th Street D late nights R all times
Stops all times 36th Street D all times R all times
Stops late nights only 45th Street R all times
Stops late nights only 53rd Street R all times
Stops all times 59th Street R all times
Sea Beach Line
Stops all times Eighth Avenue
Stops all times Fort Hamilton Parkway Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times New Utrecht Avenue
D all times (BMT West End Line at 62nd Street)
Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 18th Avenue Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 20th Avenue Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Bay Parkway
Stops all times Kings Highway Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Avenue U Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times 86th Street Manhattan-bound platform closed for renovation until early 2017
Stops all times Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
F all times (IND Culver Line)
Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "mta.info - Line Colors". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Korman, Joseph D. "SUBWAY LINE NAMES". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Two Anniversaries–Sea Beach and Steinway Tunnel". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 58 (8). August 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu. 
  5. ^ "OPEN FIRST SECTION OF BROADWAY LINE; Train Carrying 1,000 Passengers Runs from Fourteenth Street to Coney Island.REGULAR SERVICE BEGINSNew Road Is Expected to Relieve Old System of 15,000 PersonsDaily in Rush Hours. Service Commissioners Jubliant. Schedule Not Fully Arranged.". The New York Times. September 5, 1917. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ service notice, effective November 27, 1967
  7. ^ service notice, effective April 15, 1968
  8. ^ "Service Adjustment on BMT and IND Lines Effective 1 A.M. Monday, Aug. 30". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. August 1976. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  9. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. New York City Transit Authority. August 1977. Retrieved 2016-06-09. 
  10. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done.". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Announcing Service Changes On The N and R Routes Beginning May 24, 1987 New Routes Mean Better Service". subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. May 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2016. 
  12. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  13. ^ Johnson, Kirk (1988-12-09). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-30. 
  14. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  15. ^ Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  16. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  17. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  18. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2004-02-05. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  19. ^ "Noteworthy - N restored to Coney Island". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2005-05-07. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  20. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  21. ^ "Evaluation of 2010 Service Reductions" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. September 23, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  22. ^ "N train timetable 6:41 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  23. ^ "N train timetable 7:47 86th Street". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  24. ^ "N train timetable 8:06 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  25. ^ "N train timetable 8:27 Coney Island". boreumhillscott.com. June 2016. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  26. ^ "R Train To Resume Service Between Brooklyn And Manhattan Monday". cbslocal.com. CBS Local Media. September 24, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  27. ^ Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  28. ^ Martinez, Jose (February 19, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News NY1. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  29. ^ * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  30. ^ Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  31. ^ Lam, Katherine (October 23, 2016). "MTA flyers spotted for W train's return in November". PIX11. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 
  32. ^ a b "SUB-DIVISION B TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS IN EFFECT: NOVEMBER 6, 2016" (PDF). progressiveaction.info. New York City Transit. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  33. ^ "GTFS Schedule Data - New York City Transit Subway" (ZIP). New York, NY: Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  34. ^ a b c d SAS alignment and stations Archived May 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]