N Battery (The Eagle Troop) Royal Horse Artillery
See Also: Bombay Horse Artillery Batteries
|N Battery (The Eagle Troop) Royal Horse Artillery|
|Active||11 November 1811 – present|
|Allegiance|| Hon East India Coy (till 1858)|
United Kingdom (post 1858)
|Branch||Bombay Army (till 1895)|
|Role||Light Role Tac Bty|
|Part of||3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery|
|Anniversaries||Hyderabad Day 24th March|
N Battery (The Eagle Troop) Royal Horse Artillery are the Tactical Group Battery of 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery They are currently based in Caen Barracks in Hohne, Germany and are equipped with the 105 mm Light Gun. 
N Battery (The Eagle Troop) is commonly known as the Tactical Group Battery, 4th Tactical Group, which is the artillery support for the Brigade Formation Reconnaissance Regiment.
N Battery (The Eagle Troop) are currently serving as the fourth Light Role Tactical Group and support 7th Brigade. They recently deployed as part of J (Sidi Rezegh) Battery, alongside 7 Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery to Afghanistan.
N Battery are known as a Tactical Group Battery and they consist of approximately 50 personnel:
- Battery Commanders FOO Party
- FOO Party A - Commanded by the Battery Captain
- FOO Party B - Commanded by a Captain.
- Battery Commanders Tac Group
1st Troop Bombay Horse Artillery was formed in Seroor, on 11 November 1811.
In 1842 Sir Charles Napier was sent to Hyderabad with a treaty that was never to be accepted by the Amirs of Sindh. The Amirs attacked the British Residency, and Napier decided this was cause for war, and attacked a force of 22,000 Baluchis with just 2,800 British Soldiers. This resulted in:
- 1843 - The Battle for Miani. The British line held, and 6 guns from the Troop supported a charge. Hyderabad was occupied in February 1843.
The Battery was awarded its honour title following Sir Charles Napier's march to the Indus River. The troop were supporting the Cheshire Regiment, with the enemy in an entrenched position. The way artillery was deployed, forced the enemy to its left flank, which allowed the Cheshire Regiment to advance and distract the enemy. A surrender followed quickly and the Governor-General of India, the Lord Ellenborough, declared that the Battery should, 'bear the eagle'.
In 1858, the East India Company dissolved, and the Battery became part of the British Army. The Battery was renamed five times between 1862, until it was finally named N Battery Royal Horse Artillery in 1889.
World War One
- 1914 - The Battery deployed to France on the outbreak of War.
- 1915 - The Battery fired its guns in the Battle of Neuve Chapelle. The Failure of this battle was later credited to the lack of artillery shells in Shell Crisis of 1915.
- 1916 - The Battery fought in the Battle of the Somme
- 1917 - N Battery RHA claimed the highest number of shells fired in one month by a single battery. The six guns fired 115,360 rounds in August 1917 in support of the Canadian Corps. The Battery also fought in the Battle of Cambrai (1917) and at Hailles.
- 1918 - The Battery continued to fight until the Armistice in November 1918.
- 1920 - The Battery bore the coffin of the Unknown Soldier to Westminster Abbey.
World War Two
- 1938 - The Battery was merged with L (Nery) Battery and was known as L/N (Nery) Battery within 2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
- 1939 - The Battery formed part of the British Expeditionary Force, and fought in France until the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940
The Battery served in Greece and the Western Desert, and in 1942 regained its identity and joined 6th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
- 1958 - The Battery deployed to Malaya during the Malayan Emergency
- 1961 - The Battery moved to Colchester, as part of the Strategic Reserve. During this time it was deployed to Cyprus to prevent further fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots
- 1965 - The Battery moved to Münster.
Recent and Current Conflicts
- 1968 - The Battery moved to Barnard Castle in Yorkshire.
- 1971 - The Battery moved to Deilinghofen in West Germany During this time the Battery completed three tours of Northern Ireland, including a posting to Andersonstown, West Belfast in 1972, HM Prison Maze, Lisburn in September 1973 and the Bogside in Derry in 1975.
- 1977 - The Battery moved to Dortmund, immediately followed by a further posting to Craigavon, Northern Ireland in 1977.
- 1980 - The Battery moved to Larkhill
- 1982 - The Battery returned to Münster.
- 1993 - 2nd Field Regiment RA disbanded and N Battery joined 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery in Topcliffe, Yorkshire.
The Battery served in the Balkans.
Operation TELIC in Iraq
- 2004 - L / N Battery served in Iraq on Op TELIC 4, as part of 1st Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
- Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9.