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N Seoul Tower

Coordinates: 37°33′5.13″N 126°59′16.80″E / 37.5514250°N 126.9880000°E / 37.5514250; 126.9880000
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YTN Seoul Tower
The tower (center) and lattice transmission tower (left) in 2018
N Seoul Tower is located in Seoul
N Seoul Tower
Location within Seoul
Alternative namesN Seoul Tower
Namsan Tower
Seoul Tower
General information
TypeCommunication tower
Coordinates37°33′5.13″N 126°59′16.80″E / 37.5514250°N 126.9880000°E / 37.5514250; 126.9880000
Construction started1969
Roof279 metres (915 ft)
Top floor239 metres (784 ft)
N Seoul Tower
엔 서울타워
Revised RomanizationEn Seoul Tawo
McCune–ReischauerEn Sŏul T‘awŏ

The N Seoul Tower (KoreanN 서울타워), officially the YTN Seoul Tower[1] and commonly known as Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower, is a communication and observation tower located on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul, South Korea. The 236-meter (774 ft)-tall tower marks the second highest point in Seoul and is considered a local landmark.[2]

Built in 1969, the N Seoul Tower is South Korea's first general radio wave tower, providing TV and radio broadcasting in Seoul.[3] Currently, the tower broadcasts signals for Korean media outlets, such as KBS, MBC, and SBS.


N Seoul Tower at night

Built in 1969 at a cost of approximately US$2.5 million, Seoul Tower was completed on 3 December 1971, designed by architects at Jangjongryul though at the time the facility interior was not furnished. N Seoul Tower opened to the public in October 1980. Since then, the tower has been a landmark of Seoul. Tower elevation ranges from 236.7 m (777 ft) at the base to 479.7 m (1,574 ft) above sea level. Seoul Tower had its name changed to N Seoul Tower in 2005, with the "N" standing for 'new', 'Namsan', and 'nature.' Approximately 15 billion KRW was spent in renovating and remodeling the tower.

When N Seoul Tower's original owner merged with CJ Corporation, it was renamed the N Seoul Tower (official name CJ Seoul Tower). YTN acquired it from CJ Corporation in 1999, and changed its name to YTN Seoul Tower. It has also been known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower. It is also Korea's first general radio wave tower that holds transmissions antennas of KBS, MBC, SBS TV, FM, PBC, TBS, CBS, and BBS FM.

N Seoul Tower, along with Changdeokgung Palace, was selected as one of the world's top 500 tourist destinations in Lonely Planet’s Ultimate Travel List, based on global travel expert evaluation and reader preference surveys.[4]

Floors and amenities[edit]

N Seoul Tower is divided into three main sections, including the N Lobby, N Plaza, and the N Tower. The N Plaza consists of two floors, while the N Tower consists of four floors.


Plaza P0/B1 (Lobby): Includes: Entrance to Observatory, Information Desk, Alive Museum, Cafe, Children's Theater, Nursing room.

The N Lobby holds the N Gift, N Sweetbar, BH Style, the Alive Museum, Memshot, Nursing Room, Information booth, a cafe, and entrance to observatory.


Plaza P1: Includes: Ticket booth, Food Court, Light Garden, Grass Terrace, Souvenir Shop, Characters & Photos.

N Plaza has two floors. The first floor includes the ticket booth, N Terrace, N Gift and a burger shop. The second floor houses the Place Dining, an Italian restaurant, and the Roof Terrace where the "Locks of Love" can be found.

Plaza P2: Includes: Restaurant, Roof Terrace, Cafe


The N Tower has four floors: 1F, 2F, 3F, and 5F (most buildings in Korea avoid having fourth floors).[5] There are four observation decks (the 4th observation deck, which is the revolving restaurant, rotates at a rate of one revolution every 48 minutes), as well as gift shops and two restaurants. Most of the city of Seoul can be seen from the top. Close to N Seoul Tower is a second lattice transmission tower. The tower offers a digital observatory with a 360° panoramic view that showcases Korea's history through 32 LCD screens. This is located on the third floor of the N Tower.[6]

Tower T1: Includes: Korean Restaurant "Hancook"

Tower T2: Includes: Analogue Observatory, The Wishing Pond, Sky Restroom, Sky Coffee, Photo Studio

Tower T3: Includes: Digital Observatory, Shocking Edge and Digital High-powered Telescope, Gift shop

Tower T5: Includes: A revolving restaurant[7]


Namsan Tower[edit]

Namsan Tower at close up

Many visitors ride the Namsan cable car up the Mt. Namsan to walk to the tower. The tower is renowned as a national landmark and for its cityscape views. The 236.7 m (777 ft) tower sits on the Namsan mountain (243m or 797 ft). It attracts thousands of tourists and locals every year, especially during nighttime when the tower lights up. Photographers enjoy the panoramic view the tower offers. Each year, approximately 8.4 million visit the N Seoul Tower, which is surrounded by many other attractions South Korea offers, including Namsan Park and Namsangol Hanok Village.[8] Visitors may go up the tower for a fee that differs for the following groups: children, elderly and teenagers, and adults. Rates differ for each package and group size.

In 2012, surveys conducted by Seoul City revealed foreign tourists ranked the N Seoul Tower as the number one tourist attraction.[9] The N Seoul Tower is now also a symbol of Seoul.

Lighting of the Tower[edit]

The N Seoul Tower is illuminated in blue from sunset to 23:00 (22:00 in winter) on days where the air quality in Seoul is 45 or less. During the spring of 2012, the Tower was lit up for 52 days, which is four days more than in 2011.[10] The tower uses the latest LED technology to offer visitors a digital, cultural art experience through 'light art.' [11] The N Seoul Tower puts on many different shows, including the "Reeds of Light" and "Shower of Light."

An exception to this is Earth Day. On Earth Day, lights were held nationwide to promote awareness of energy conservation. At 8 p.m KST. on that day, lights at N Seoul Tower on Namsan disappear into darkness.[12]

Love Padlocks[edit]

In a poll of nearly 2,000 foreign visitors conducted by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in November 2011, 16 percent stated that hanging named padlocks on the Tower fence as a symbol of love was their favorite activity in Seoul.[13] This attraction is situated on the 2nd floor of the N Plaza, at the Roof Terrace. The "Locks of Love" is a popular location for people to hang locks that symbolize eternal love, and has been depicted in many Korean television shows, dramas, and movies for this reason.[14]

'Love padlocks' is a common couple activity consists of the purchasing of a padlock and key, where initials, messages and symbols can be personally inscribed onto the surface of the lock with markers and pens. Securing the padlocks on the fences filled with locks of previous participants, the key is often thrown away as a symbol of everlasting love.[15] This is similar to the love locks in Paris, France, on the Pont Neuf bridge.

Wishing Pond and Observatory[edit]

The N Tower also holds many other attractions including the digital observatory and the Wishing Pond. The Wishing Pond can be found on the second floor of the tower, where people throw coins into the pond while making a wish. The coins are collected and donated to help develop schools in China and Southeast Asia, especially in underdeveloped areas.[16] The observatory, renovated in 2011, is on the third floor. The observatory not only offers the 360° view of the city, but also exhibits 600 years of Korean history through 36 LCD screens. The fifth floor houses a French restaurant known as N Grill.

Other events and attractions[edit]

In 2008, the Teddy Bear Museum was opened at the Tower, with a 7-meter (23 ft)-tall Christmas tree made with 300 teddy bears to celebrate its opening.[17] It showcases teddy bears in the past, present, and future of Seoul, as well as teddy bears models in Seoul attractions, such as the Cheonggyecheon Stream, Myeongdong, Insadong, and Dongdaemun.[18]

Displays of 55-inch OLED Panels[edit]

OLED panels are displayed all around the Namsan Seoultower from level 1 to 4. In level 1, red rose petals will be greeted by 9m OLED Tunnel with welcome messages. And we can see see the 15m x 3m Panorama OLED, a curved display of the view of the Gwanghwamun Gate and Gyeongbokgung Palace through the four seasons. On level 2, we can see the OLED Circle, shaped like a round belt hanging in the air. On level 4, there is a 24m long wavy structure decorated with images of wish lanterns, flames and patterns of dancheong to represent beautiful sky across Seoul. And next, we can experience '3D video world'.[19]

Day Panorama of Seoul from N Seoul Tower
Night Panorama of Seoul from N Seoul Tower

Broadcasting use[edit]

N Seoul Tower is used as a radio/television broadcast and communications tower.

Television broadcasters[edit]

ATSC 1.0 stations[edit]

Channel Channel name Callsign Station Power Broadcast Area
SBS TV Seoul (HD) HLSQ-DTV Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS) 5 kW Seoul Capital Area
KBS2 Seoul (HD) HLSA-DTV Korean Broadcasting System (KBS)
EBS TV Seoul (HD) HLQL-DTV Educational Broadcasting System (EBS)
EBS 2 Seoul (HD) HLQL-TV-2
MBC TV Seoul (HD) HLKV-DTV Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC)

ATSC 3.0 stations[edit]

Channel Channel name Callsign Station Power Broadcast Area
KBS2 (UHD) HLSA-UHDTV Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) 5 kW Seoul Capital Area

Radio broadcasters[edit]

Frequency Station name Callsign Power Broadcast Area
96.7 MHz KFN FM HLSF-FM 2 kW Seoul Capital Area
99.1 MHz Gugak FM HLQA-FM 5 kW
101.3 MHz tbs eFM HLSW-FM 1 kW


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Road Name Address System - Ministry of Security and Public Administration".
  2. ^ Ryu, Myung-Soo (3 August 2009). "A hip tourist hot spot in the thick of it all". Korea JoongAng Daily. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  3. ^ "Overview - N SEOUL TOWER". Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  4. ^ "YTN서울타워·창덕궁 '세계 500대 관광지' 선정". YTN. 26 September 2015.
  5. ^ "[N SEOUL TOWER][Tower Map]". www.nseoultower.com.
  6. ^ "Visit Seoul - N Seoul Tower - Landmarks - Seoul Attractions". Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
  7. ^ "N Seoul Tower (N 서울타워)". english.visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  8. ^ "Namsan Park and N Seoul Tower". Archived from the original on 2014-02-07. Retrieved 2014-04-03.
  9. ^ "[N SEOUL TOWER][About N SEOUL TOWER] History". www.nseoultower.com.
  10. ^ "Improved Air Quality Reflected in N Seoul Tower". The Chosun Ilbo. 18 May 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  11. ^ "[N SEOUL TOWER][About N SEOUL TOWER] Overview". www.nseoultower.com.
  12. ^ 임, 현동 (2018-04-22). "Earth Day lights off Namsan N Tower for a while to save energy!". JoongAng Ilbo.
  13. ^ "Mt. Nam Tops List of Foreign Tourists' Favorites". The Chosun Ilbo. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Namsan Seoul Tower (남산서울타워) - Official Korea Tourism Organization". english.visitkorea.or.kr.
  15. ^ "Love padlocks at N Seoul Tower". Korea.net. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  16. ^ "[N SEOUL TOWER][Observatory]". www.nseoultower.com.
  17. ^ "Cuddles for Christmas". Korea JoongAng Daily. 24 November 2008. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2012.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  18. ^ "Teddy Bear Museum Opens in N Seoul Tower at Mt. Namsan". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
  19. ^ "Namsan Seoultower". www.seoultower.co.kr. Retrieved 2022-10-16.

External links[edit]