Na'eem Jeenah is a well-known academic and leader in the Muslim community and the anti-capitalist and anti-war movements in South Africa.
Na'eem Jeenah is currently the Executive Director of the Afro-Middle East Centre, a research institute dedicated to studying the Middle East and North Africa and relations between that region and the rest of Africa. He previously worked as Director: Operations for the Freedom of Expression Institute in Johannesburg, South Africa. He has also taught Political Studies at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.
Jeenah was born in the coastal city of Durban on 8 August 1965. Under South Africa's Apartheid Population Registration Act he was classified "Indian". He cut his political teeth in the 1980s when, while he was still in secondary school, the country erupted into almost a decade of nationwide student protests, followed by widespread resistance in trade unions and communities - especially in the African "townships". This was the period when the liberation movement succeeded in making South Africa "ungovernable".
After school, Jeenah entered the highly politicized University of Natal Black Section, the medical school (only for Black students) that was attached to the White University of Natal. Through his activities with the Muslim Students Association of South Africa and the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa, he was thrust into the political limelight as these organizations became increasingly involved in the anti-Apartheid struggle. His activism was mostly inspired by Islam and was prosecuted through Muslim organizations.
After spending two years at the medical school and a year at the University of Durban-Westville, Jeenah dropped out of university to find a job and get married. He married Shamima Shaikh, whom he met for the first time when the couple was arrested during a trade union-led consumer boycott campaign against White businesses. Shaikh became one of South Africa's most well-known Islamic feminists. She died in January 1998, leaving Jeenah with two sons.
Jeenah rose in the ranks of the Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa to become its national general secretary and, later, its president. He was also, for a period, the editor of the Movement's mouthpiece newspaper, Al-Qalam. He steered the movement in a way that increased its political activism during the anti-Apartheid struggle. He also, along with Shaikh and others, founded the Muslim Youth Movement Gender Desk, the foremost organization of Islamic feminism in South Africa. It was also during the 1980s that Jeenah helped his organization and the Muslim community in South Africa to get involved in inter-faith activities - particularly through the South African chapter of the World Conference on Religion and Peace. Working with the latter, he was also a member of the drafting committee of a landmark document produced during South Africa's constitution-drafting period called the Declaration on Religious Rights and Responsibilities.
His other employment included: the Congress of South African Trade Unions; the Southern African NGO Network (SANGONet); and the University of the Witwatersrand.
In 1994, on the eve of South Africa's first democratic elections, Jeenah's family joined those in South Africa who had sacrificed family members for the struggle: his brother, Mohseen Jeenah, a student leader and anti-Apartheid activist, was gunned down in the early hours of the morning of 17 January by Apartheid police.
Jeenah and Shaikh undertook the hajj pilgrimage in 1997, while Shaikh was already suffering from the effects of breast cancer, which had affected her severely. On the couple's return they authored a book about their pilgrimage called Journey of Discovery: A South African Hajj. Soon after, they founded the Johannesburg-based Muslim community radio station called The Voice, which exposed radical and progressive Muslim voices to the Muslim community and became a flagship for women's rights, inter-religious tolerance and anti-imperialist rhetoric. It also gave a voice to refugee communities and social movements. Shaikh died just four months after the station went on air.
Jeenah's career has been a checkered one, spanning the NGO sector, academia, religious organizations and journalism. But it is as a progressive Muslim activist and an international solidarity activist that he has made his mark. Currently working as an academic at the Afro-Middle East Centre, he also held the position of Director: Operations at the Freedom of Expression Institute, was the coordinator of a progressive Johannesburg mosque, Masjidul Islam, a steering committee member of an inter-religious organization focusing on women's issues called The Other Voices, and a member of the International Coordinating Network for Palestine. He is often interviewed as an expert by various media on issues related to the Middle East, Islam and the Muslim world, Muslims in South Africa, Islamic Feminisms, political Islam, freedom of expression and various other issues. An experienced journalist, he also wrote for a number of publications and reported for a network of radio stations in the US. He is also a monthly columnist for the South African newspaper Al-Qalam.
Jeenah has various Islamic qualifications through international courses completed at different universities in the Muslim world. He has organized and addressed numerous meetings, seminars, workshops, conferences, and training programs on various issues related to Islam, South Africa, the Middle East, youth development, journalism, information technology and various other issues – in South Africa and internationally. He has co-authored a book and has published articles and papers in journals, magazines, newsletters, newspapers and other publications. These have ranged from news pieces to analyses and opinion pieces.
In June 2005, Jeenah married Melissa Hoole. They now have a daughter.
Jeenah was named in December 2000 on the Mail & Guardian’s "Hot Shit 100 List" of people "Making their mark in the new millennium" and, in 2006, he was included on that newspaper's "100 young people you must take out to lunch".
- Na'eem, Na'eem; Shaik, Shamima (2000). "Journey of discovery: A South African Hajj". Cape Town: Full Moon Press.
- Na'eem, Na'eem (2005). "Religion and schools". Wits University Education Policy Unit. (Booklet)
- Na'eem, Na'eem; Saleh, Mohsen (2012). "The PLO: Critical appraisals from within". Johannesburg: Afro-Middle East Centre.
- Na'eem, Na'eem (2014). "Pretending democracy: Israel, an ethnocratic state". Johannesburg: Afro-Middle East Centre.
Some journal Articles and chapters
- Jeenah, Na'eem (1996), "Pagad: Aluta Continua", in Galant, R.; Gamieldien, F., Drugs, gangs, people's power: Exploring the Pagad phenomenon, Cape Town: Claremont Main Road Masjid.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (1996). "Pagad: Fighting fire with fire". Impact International 26 (9).
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2001). "Whose enduring freedoms?: An analysis of Muslim responses to September 11 and the war against Afghanistan". Annual Review of Islam in South Africa (Cape Town) 4: 52–54. Pdf.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2001). "2001 – A new form of Palestinian solidarity in South Africa". Annual Review of Islam in South Africa (Cape Town) 4: 31–34. Pdf.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2001). "Towards an Islamic feminist hermeneutic". Journal for Islamic Studies (Cape Town: Centre for Contemporary Islam) 21: 36–70. doi:10.4314/jis.v21i1.39954.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2002). "Apartheid Israel?". Annual Review of Islam in Africa (Cape Town) 5: 31–35. Pdf.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2003). "South Africa’s anti-war movements: Towards an assessment". debate: voices from the South African left (Johannesburg): 10–12.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2004). "Apartheid Israel continued". Alternatives (Cape Town: AIDC) 2 (8): 19.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (September–October 2004). "Bilqis – A Qur'anic model for leadership and for Islamic feminists". Journal of Semitic Studies (Pretoria) (Pretoria) 13 (1): 47–58.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (September–October 2004). "Seeing through tears in Rwanda". Fellowship (New York) 70 (9-10): 25–26.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2005). "Hajj: Only at this sacred time and place". ISIM Review (Leiden) 16: 50–51.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (2005). "Review: Symbolic Confrontations: Muslims Imagining the State in Africa by Donal B. Cruise O’Brien". Journal for Contemporary African Studies (Taylor and Francis) 23 (3): 434–437. doi:10.1080/02589000500274084.
- Jeenah, Na'eem (January–February 2006). "The national liberation struggle and Islamic feminisms in South Africa". Women's Studies International Forum (Elsevier) 29 (1): 27–41. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2005.10.004.