|Author||M. T. Vasudevan Nair|
|Publisher||Current Books, DC Books|
Published in English
|Awards||1959: Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award|
Naalukettu is a Malayalam novel written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. Published in 1958, it was MT's first major novel. The title attributes to Nālukettu, a traditional ancestral home (Taravad) of a Nair joint family. Like many other novels written by MT, Naalukettu is also set against the backdrop of the crumbling matrilineal order of Kerala in a newly independent India.
Naalukettu remains a classic in Malayalam fiction. It contributed to the renewal of a literary tradition initiated by S. K. Pottekkatt, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai and Uroob in the 1950s. It was given the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959. It has had 23 reprints (as of 2008) and was translated into 14 languages and had a record sale of a half a million copies (as of 2008) and still features in the best-seller lists.
Doordarshan adapted the novel into a television film in 1995. Malayalam actor Krishnaprasad enacted the protagonist in this film. It won the Kerala State Television Award for the year 1996. A screenplay based on the novel was released on 8 December 2012 as part of the DC International Book Festival, Thiruvananthapuram.
Naalukettu is a veritable depiction of the matriarchal social order of Kerala's Nair community in its final gasp for life. The hero Appunni is a scion of a once rich and powerful family. Appunni is the son of a woman who married a man of her own choices and who did not marry the man whom her Karnavar suggested. So she has to leave the family with her son and Appunni grows up without a father and away from the prestige and protection of the matrilineal home to which he belongs. The novel captures the traumas and psychological graph of Appunni, an introvert and angry youth, aspiring to avenge the insult meted out to him in a matrilineal family by building a new edifice on the ruins of his ancestral home.
The Hindu's critic K. Kunhikrishnan comments: "Naalukettu was significant in that it fascinatingly portrayed the degeneration of the matrilineal system of joint families (tharawad), where large numbers of relatives lived together. The decline and collapse of the system resulted in nuclear families and consequential social, traditional and economic changes. But apart from the historical angle, Naalukettu has a lasting literary value, as one of the best in Malayalam fiction."
The novel has been translated to various Indian and foreign languages. The English translation is by:
- Gita Krishnankutty (2008). Naalukettu: The House Around the Courtyard. Oxford University Press.
- Subodh Kapoor, ed. (2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia. 15. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 4544. ISBN 81-7755-257-0.
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Paul Willemen (June 26, 1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 159.
- E. V. Ramakrishnan, ed. (Jan 1, 2005). Indian Short Stories: 1900–2000. Sahitya Akademi. p. 377.
- K. Kunhikrishnan (January 6, 2008). "Caught in the cusp of change". The Hindu. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "'Nalukettu' a landmark work, says Baby". (in Malayalam). The Hindu. January 14, 2008. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "നാലുകെട്ടിന്റെ തിരക്കഥ വരുന്നു" Archived 2014-05-18 at the Wayback Machine.. (in Malayalam). DC Books. December 8, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- "Naalukettu Screenplay". DC Books. June 2, 2013.