Naan qalia is a dish that originates from Aurangabad in India. It is a concoction of mutton and a variety of spices. Naan is a bread made in a tandoor (hot furnace), while qalia is a mixture of mutton and various spices.
When Mohammad Tughlaq shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, there was a mass exodus of people from Delhi to Daulatabad. On the way to Daulatabad, the huge army of Tughlaq was exhausted. It was a difficult task to provide such a big army with food, and the bawarchis (cooks) dug a hot furnace and rolled out thousands of naan. Meanwhile, qalia was prepared by cooking mutton and adding number of spices in the huge cauldron.
The naan are prepared in an open clay oven, which is mounted in a hole in the ground. The fire is from a side hole. The baker (generally called as bhatyara) sits next to the oven and places the naan in the oven for baking, these naan are picked out with specially designed rods. These Naan are quite fluffy. Each of these naan get a brush of turmeric water, as soon as they are baked. This gives the naan golden colour and also makes it last longer.
The qalia is a soupy curry, made with a number of ingredients and with a long process. There are a number of variations in spices and the ingredients across the towns close to Aurangabad. The qalia from Aurangabad is yogurt based, whereas the one from Khuldabad is lemon based. The qalia is prepared in a big cauldron called degh, it has a top layer of oil. This spicy oil on top is called tari.