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Naʽat (Bengali: নাত; Punjabi and Urdu: نعت) is poetry in praise of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The practice is popular in South Asia (Bangladesh, Pakistan and India), commonly in Bengali, Punjabi or Urdu. People who recite Naʽat are known as Naʽat Khawan or sanaʽa-khuaʽan. Exclusive "Praise to Allah" and Allah alone is called Hamd, not to be confused with 'Na'at'.[1][2][3]

In Arab countries, lyrics and praises said for Muhammad are called Madih nabawi.


One early author, Hassan, was known as Shair-e Darbaar-e Risalat. Before converting to Islam he was a poet, and after converting, he started writing Naats in honor of Muhammad.[4] His poetry defended Muhammad in response to rival poets who attacked him and his religion.[citation needed]

Talaʽ al Badru ʽAlayna is a traditional Islamic poem known as nasheed recited to Muhammad when he moved to Medina in 622 CE.[5]


Commonly, the term naʽat shareef (exalted poetry) is reserved for poetry in the praise of Muhammad. In Arabic, na'at is usually called madih (praise) or nasheed (poetry), although the latter can describe any type of religious poetry.

Urdu Na'at anthologies[edit]

  • Hadaiqe Bakshish by Ahmad Raza Khan
  • Wasail e Bakhsish by Muhammad Ilyas Qadri
  • Tajalliyāt, by Syed Waheed Ashraf First Ed.(1996), Second Ed.(2018) ISBN 978-93-85295-76-8, Maktaba Jamia Ltd, Shamshad Market, Aligarh 202002, India
  • Urdū zabān men̲ naʻt goʼī kā fann aur tajallīyāt, 2001 (OCLC 50912916) by Syed Waheed Ashraf
  • Safeena e Bakhshish by Akhtar Raza Khan (Azhari Miya)

Notable Na'at khawans[edit]

Na'at poets[edit]

Urdu Na'at reciters[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Naʽat Sharif ( Meaning of Naʽat & Hamd )- Naʽat by Sahaba-e-Ikhram". website. Sufi Saints. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ Definition of Naat on website Retrieved 7 December 2018
  3. ^ Definition of Naat in English on website Retrieved 7 December 2018
  4. ^ 'URDU ZABAN MEIN NAʽT GŪʽĪ KA FUN' (Literary Criticism) Book in URDU by Syed Waheed Ashraf
  5. ^ "Islam and Islamic History in Arabia and the Middle East". website. Retrieved 7 December 2018.

written by Muhammad Naqi Naqvi

by Muhammad Naqvi Naqvi