Naʽat

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Naʽat (Bengali: নাত, Urdu: نعت‎) is poetry in praise of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The practice is popular in South Asia (Bangladesh, Pakistan and India), commonly in Bengali, Pashto, Punjabi or Urdu. People who recite Naʽat are known as Naʽat Khawan or sanaʽa-khuaʽan. Exclusive "Praise to Allah" and Allah alone is called Hamd, not to be confused with 'Na'at'.[1][2][3]

In Arab countries, lyrics and praises said for Muhammad are called Madih nabawi.

History[edit]

It is difficult to trace the history of Naʽat khawani since no authenticated record of when it was initiated can be found. One early author, Hassan, was known as Shair-e Darbaar-e Risalat. Even before accepting Islam he was a poet, but after embracing Islam he gave a new turn to his poetry and started writing Na'ats in honor of Muhammad.[4] He was famous for his poetry that defended Muhammad in response to rival poets who attacked him and his religion. Therefore, Hassan is known as the first sana-khawaan (naʽat reciter) of that time. After that many a poet followed this trend and totally dedicated themselves towards writing of naʽats.

Talaʽ al Badru ʽAlayna, is a traditional Islamic poem known as nasheed recited to Muhammad during his completion of migration to Medina in 622 CE,[5] is believed to be one of the earliest naʽats.

Language[edit]

Commonly the term naʽat shareef (exalted poetry) is reserved for poetry in the praise of Muhammad. In Arabic, na'at is usually called madih (praise) or nasheed (poetry), although the latter can describe any type of religious poetry.

Urdu Na'at Anthologies[edit]

  • Hadaiqe Bakshish by Ahmad Raza Khan
  • Wasail e Bakhsish by Muhammad Ilyas Qadri
  • Farsh Par Arsh, 2009 (OCLC 792760804) by Abūlḥāmid Muḥammad
  • Tajalliyāt, by Syed Waheed Ashraf First Ed.(1996), Second Ed.(2018) ISBN 978-93-85295-76-8, Maktaba Jamia Ltd, Shamshad Market, Aligarh 202002, India
  • Urdū zabān men̲ naʻt goʼī kā fann aur tajallīyāt, 2001 (OCLC 50912916) by Syed Waheed Ashraf
  • safeena e bakhshish by Akhtar Raza Khan (Azhari Miya)

Notable Na'at Khawans[edit]

Urdu Na'at poets[edit]

Urdu Na'at Reciters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Naʽat Sharif ( Meaning of Naʽat & Hamd )- Naʽat by Sahaba-e-Ikhram". sufisaints.com website. Sufi Saints. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ Definition of Naat on definitions.net website Retrieved 7 December 2018
  3. ^ Definition of Naat in English on oxforddictionaries.com website Retrieved 7 December 2018
  4. ^ 'URDU ZABAN MEIN NAʽT GŪʽĪ KA FUN' (Literary Criticism) Book in URDU by Syed Waheed Ashraf
  5. ^ "Islam and Islamic History in Arabia and the Middle East". islamicity.com website. Retrieved 7 December 2018.