Nabataean alphabet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Languages Nabataean language
Time period
2nd century BC to 4th century AD
Parent systems
Child systems
Arabic alphabet
ISO 15924 Nbat, 159
Direction Right-to-left
Unicode alias


Final Accepted Script Proposal

The Nabataean alphabet is a consonantal alphabet (abjad) that was used by the Nabataeans in the 2nd century BC.[2] Important inscriptions are found in Petra, Jordan. The alphabet is descended from the Syriac alphabet, which was itself descended from the Aramaic alphabet. In turn, a cursive form of Nabataean developed into the Arabic alphabet from the 4th century,[2] which is why Nabataean's letterforms are intermediate between the more northerly Semitic scripts (such as the Aramaic-derived Hebrew) and those of Arabic.

Nabatean Name Arabic
01 aleph.svg Alaph ا ܐ א
02 bet.svg Beth ب ܒ ב
03 gimel.svg Gamal ج ܓ ג
04 dal.svg Dalath ܕ ד
05 ha.svg Heh ه ܗ ה
06 waw.svg Waw ܘ ו
07 zayn.svg Zain ܙ ז
08 ha.svg Heth ح ܚ ח
09 taa.svg Teth ܛ ט
10 yaa.svg Yodh ي ܝ י
11 kaf.svg Kaph ك ܟ כ / ך
12 lam.svg Lamadh ل ܠ ל
13 meem.svg Meem م ܡ מ / ם
14 noon.svg Noon ن ܢ נ / ן
15 sin.svg Simkath س ܣ ס
16 ein.svg 'E ع ܥ ע
17 fa.svg Peh ف ܦ פ / ף
18 sad.svg Sad'e ص ܨ צ / ץ
19 qaf.svg Qoph ܩ ק
20 ra.svg Resh ܪ ר
21 shin.svg Sheen ش ܫ ש
22 ta.svg Taw ܬ ת
  • Note that the Syriac and Arabic alphabets are always cursive and that some of their letters look differently in medial or initial position.
  • See the entry Aramaic Alphabet for more a more complete comparison of letterforms.


The Nabataean alphabet (U+10880–U+108AF) was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1088x 𐢀 𐢁 𐢂 𐢃 𐢄 𐢅 𐢆 𐢇 𐢈 𐢉 𐢊 𐢋 𐢌 𐢍 𐢎 𐢏
U+1089x 𐢐 𐢑 𐢒 𐢓 𐢔 𐢕 𐢖 𐢗 𐢘 𐢙 𐢚 𐢛 𐢜 𐢝 𐢞
U+108Ax 𐢧 𐢨 𐢩 𐢪 𐢫 𐢬 𐢭 𐢮 𐢯
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Himelfarb, Elizabeth J. "First Alphabet Found in Egypt", Archaeology 53, Issue 1 (Jan./Feb. 2000): 21.
  2. ^ a b [1],