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Nabha is located in Punjab
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15Coordinates: 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15
Country  India
State Punjab
District Patiala
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipal Council of Nabha
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) Sadhu Singh Dharmsot
 • Mayor Rajnish Kumar Mittal Shanty
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,97,972
 • Official Punjabi Hindi
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 147201
Telephone code 91-(0)1765
Vehicle registration PB-34

Nabha is a historic city and municipal council in the Patiala district to the south-west of the Indian state of Punjab. It was the capital of the former Nabha State.

Princely State of Nabha[edit]

The town of Nabha was formerly the capital of the Nabha princely state in the British Raj. Its territories were scattered. One section, divided into twelve separate tracts, was interspersed among the territories of Patiala and Jind, in the east and south of the Punjab. The other section was in the extreme southeast of that province in Rewari and Bawal which the ruler, Hira Singh, had got from the British for fighting against fellow Indian ruler of Jhajjar, Abdur Rehman, in the first war of independence in 1857.[1] The whole of the territories physically belonged to a plain, but they varied in character, from the great fertility of the Pawadh region to the semi-arid proximity of Rajputana desert.[1]


Nabha is located at 30°22′N 76°09′E / 30.37°N 76.15°E / 30.37; 76.15.[2] It has an average elevation of 246 metres (807 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Nabha had a population of 67,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nabha has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 69%. In Nabha, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Landmarks of the city[edit]

Being a royal city, Nabha has a number of buildings with historical importance: shri shani dev mainder friends co;ony cannt.road nabha is famous Hindu tampal of city

  • Purani Nabhi: The main colony of the Nabha City, Located in the extreme center of the nabha city. Mandir Thakur Shri Saty Narayan Ji temple is there in Purani Nabhi Nabha. This is The Only Thakur Saty narayan Ji temple in nabha City
  • 18 Bhuja Durga Shiv Mandir: It is one of the old temples of Nabha city. Located near Patiala Gate opposite Hira Mahal.
  • Tapia Mandir : It is about 100 years old temple. It is a strong belief among people of Nabha that visiting this temple brings happiness in their lives.
  • Hira Mahal: Residence of the royal family. The gardens and orchards surrounding it have developed into the Hira Mahal Colony.
  • Qila Mubarak: Situated at the heart of the city in a dilapidated condition. Various government offices are housed here including the courts shifted to new building at Mini-Secretariat.
  • Hira Singh Park: Now known as municipal park, near Duladdi Gate. The park is home to the statue of Hira Singh Nabha.
  • Royal Samadhis: on a circular road, built in memory of the deceased rulers of Nabha, now in a state of disrepair.
  • The Courthouse of Nabha, the original residence of Wazir Ishwari Singh Katoch, Prime Minister of Kangra, father of Maharani Lilavati and cousin of Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra (father-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh).
  • Old Temple of Shri Hanuman Ji (near Civil Hospital), Old Temple of Attharan Bhuji Mata Rani (Patiala Gate), Shri Vedas Mandir (Sadar Bazar), and Kali Mata Mandir (near Dulladi Gate) are famous Hindu worship places.
  • Gurdwara Dera Baba Ajaypal Singh, famously known as Gurdwara Ghodhiyan Walla and Gurdwara Akalgarh Sahib
  • Mahtab Nagar Nabha, named after Sardar Mehtab Singh Grewal, Mandi Minister with Nabha Maharaja Hira Singh Court
  • King George V Silver Jubilee Park, near Santoshi Mata Mandir, Dulladi Gate
  • Mata Rajrajeshwari Balasundari Ji Mandir, popularly known as chownk wala mandir, is a great mighty temple with great historical significance, built approximately 250–300 years ago by the king of the state. This temple has long been a point of religious beliefs and attracts people from faraway areas.
  • Mata Jwala JI Mandir, Bhattan Street. This temple too dates back to time in memorial and is of the royal goddess Durga Mata Jawala Ji along with idols of Lord Shiva, Mata Parvati, Ganesha, Lord Mahavira Hunumana and Lord Bharav Nath.Presently the Temple is being taken care by Mata Jwala Ji Committee and Young Friends Club which consists of the Municipal Councilor as the President followed by the residents and trusties of the temple.Since 1960 regularly each year the committee organises Jagran which till date continues and is the oldest running program in the city.
  • Old Haveli- This is the most horror place in Nabha, where nobody thinks to go close. The history of the Haveli makes it full of Goosebumps. Visiting Haveli will be a very good and scary experience.

Please note that there are two locations of Royal Samadhis. One is for the family of Hira Singh, the other, for the original rulers of Nabha, is located on the grounds of Punjab Public School, near the water tank, on what was originally known as Shyam Bagh (near Jamunawali Sark (Road)). There rests Maharaja Devinder Singh, his two sons, his wives, Maharani Lilavati, Maharani Mann Kaur and "Cheteanwali" Rani.

Dr. Sumerendra Vir Singh Chauhan, from the family of Maharani Lilavati, and uncle of the present Raj Kumari of Nabha, wife of Maharaja Pratap Singh's second son, is negotiating with the present authorities to allow for repairs to take place of the Royal samadhis of the original rulers. Also the Samadhi of Maharani Lilavati's mother is located in the Ram Temple near Hira Mahal.

Modern Nabha[edit]

In 1947, Nabha formed a part of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). At a subsequent reorganisation, Patiala was created as a district and Nabha formed a subdivision in Patiala District.

The modern Nabha is a thriving, if somewhat dusty town (about 25 kilometres from Patiala). Nabha is famous as a manufacturing hub of combine harvesters

Like many other cities of India, Nabha has landmarks called "gates" which roughly circumscribe the city. In Nabha, these are Patiala Gate, Alhoran Gate, Dulladi Gate, Mehs Gate and Bouran Gate.


  1. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nabha". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 147.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nabha
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

External links[edit]