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Nabih Berri

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Nabih Berri
نبيه بري
Berri.jpg
Berri in 2010
Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon
Assumed office
20 October 1992
PresidentElias Hrawi
Émile Lahoud
Michel Sleiman
Michel Aoun
Preceded byHussein el-Husseini
President of Amal Movement
Assumed office
1980
Preceded byHussein el-Husseini
Personal details
Born (1938-01-28) 28 January 1938 (age 83)
Bo, Sierra Leone
NationalityLebanese
Political partyAmal Movement
Spouse(s)Randa Berri
Websitewww.nabihberry.com

Nabih Berri (Arabic: نبيه مصطفى بري‎, romanizedNabīh Muṣṭafā Barriyy; born 28 January 1938) is a Lebanese Shia politician who has been serving as Speaker of the Parliament of Lebanon since 1992. He heads the Amal Movement.[1][2][3]

Early life and education

He was born in Bo, Sierra Leone to Lebanese Shia parents on 28 January 1938.[4] His father, Mustafa Berri, was a trader there.[5]

Berri went to school in Tebnine and Ain Ebel in southern Lebanon, then continued his education in Bint Jbeil and Jaafariya supplementary schools in southern Lebanon and later studied at the Makassed and the Ecole de la Sagesse in Beirut. He graduated with a law degree from the Lebanese University in 1963, where he had served as the student body president, and became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals.[3][6]

Early career

During 1963, Berri was elected as president of the National Union of Lebanese Students,[7] and participated to student and political conferences. During his early career he became a lawyer at the Court of Appeals. In the early 1970s, Berri worked in Beirut as a lawyer for several companies.

In 1980, Berri was elected leader of the Amal Movement,[8] and led the resistance against the Israeli army especially in the south of Lebanon and Beqaa and the most famous battle was the battle of khalde in 1982.

He was the key player of the Intifada of 6 February 1984 with his ally Walid Jumblatt leader of the Progressive Socialist Party against the Lebanese sectarian government of Amin Gemayel, where officers and soldiers were called to defect from the Lebanese Army and made ground for the Taif agreement that ended the civil war.[9][10]

Berri also joined the National Unity government as minister of state for South Lebanon and reconstruction under Prime Minister Rashid Karami in May 1984.[11] He also served as the minister of housing and co-operatives.[12]

Political career

Berri served as a cabinet minister from 1984 to 1992:[13]

  • 30 April 1984 to 22 September 1988: Minister of Justice in the government of Rashid Karami.[14]
  • 25 November 1989 to 24 December 1990: Minister of Hydraulic & Electric Resources in the government of Selim Hoss.
  • 25 November 1989 to 24 December 1990: Minister of Housing & Cooperatives in the government of Selim Hoss.
  • 16 May 1992 to 31 October 1992: Minister of state in the government of Rachid Solh.[14]

Due to strong Syrian backing and to Berri's proximity to Syrian officials in Lebanon, he was reported to have the biggest influence in the Lebanese government formed after the Taif Accord.[15]

Berri headed the list of "Liberation" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 6 September 1992, which was won in full. The other lists he headed were "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections on 8 September 1996, which was won in full. Since 1992 he has chaired the Liberation and Development parliamentary bloc.[16]

Berri headed the list of "Resistance and Development" in the parliamentary elections that took place in southern Lebanon on 3 September 2000, which was won in full. He also headed the list of Liberation and Development in the parliamentary elections which took place in June 2005, which was won in full. Currently, Berri heads the list of "Liberation and Development" in the parliamentary elections on 7 June 2009. All the members of the Bloc won the elections in 2009.

Speaker Nabih Berri was always and is still a major supporter of the dialogue between all Lebanese parties, religions and sects. During the last national dialogue session in May 2014, Speaker Nabih Berri stressed that "power-sharing between Christians and Muslims in Lebanon would not change under any circumstance," adding that he spoke on behalf of the Shia, Sunnis and the Druze.[17][18]

He was elected Speaker of the parliament of Lebanon for the first time on 20 October 1992 (105 votes out of 124 votes).[19] He was re-elected for a second time on 22 October 1996 (122 votes out of 126 votes). He was elected to the same post on 17 October 2000 unanimously (124 votes out of 126 votes), on 28 June 2005 (90 votes out of 126 votes),[20] on 25 June 2009 (90 votes out of 127 votes),[21] and on 23 May 2018 (98 votes out of 128 votes).[22]

Iranian foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif (right) meeting with Berri in his office in Tehran

Since 1999, he has chaired the Arab Parliament Committee in charge of disclosing Israeli crimes against Arab civilians. On 3 June 2003, he was elected president of the Arab Parliament and handed the presidency in Damascus on 1 March 2004 for a period of two years. He was elected president of the Council of the Parliamentary Union of the Member States.[12]

On 9 March 2004, Nabih Berri was elected President of the Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States in Dakar-Senegal until 9 March 2006.[12][23]

In 2013 and 2014 he supported the UCC, the teachers, public employees, and the armed forces in Lebanon, in their fight to increase their salaries, and has held many meeting with political leaders in an effort to attain his goal.[24]

Since 1993, Berri has chaired the Union of Parliamentarians of Lebanese Descent, including 156 members of parliament and senators from 19 countries.[12][25]

Personal life

Berri has married twice and he has six children with Lila, his first wife, and four with his second wife, Randa Assi Berri.[26][27]

Electoral history

1992

Election for Speaker of the 17th Parliament[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 105 82
Independent Mohammad Youssef Baydoun 14 11
Total votes 128 100

1996

Election for Speaker of the 18th Parliament
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 122 95
Total votes 128 100

2000

Election for Speaker of the 19th Parliament
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 124 97
Total votes 128 100

2005

Election for Speaker of the 20th Parliament[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 90 70
Future Bassem Sabeh 1 0.8
Total votes 128 100

2009

Election for Speaker of the 21st Parliament[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 90 70
Free Patriotic Movement Abbas Hashim 3 3.8
Future Okab Sakr 1 0.7
Future Ghazi Youssef 1 0.8
Total votes 128 100

2018

2018 Lebanese general election in Zahrani of South II[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 42,137 76.82
Amal Ali Osseiran 2,203 4.1
Amal Michel Moussa 4,162 7.5
Independent Wissam Haj 4,729 8.6
Independent Riad Asaad 1,620 2.9
Total votes 54,851 100
Election for Speaker of the 23rd Parliament[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Amal Nabih Berri 98 76
Total votes 128 100

References

  1. ^ Mamoun Fandy (2007). (Un)civil war of words: media and politics in the Arab world. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-275-99393-1.
  2. ^ Omri Nir (15 February 2011). Nabih Berri and Lebanese Politics. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-10535-5.
  3. ^ a b "Nabih Berry Biography" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Nabih Berri". Wars of Lebanon. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  5. ^ Dominique Avon; Anaïs-Trissa Khatchadourian (2012). Hezbollah. A History of the "Party of God". Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 197. doi:10.4159/harvard.9780674067523. ISBN 9780674067523.
  6. ^ official website of the Lebanese parliament. Country-data.com. Retrieved on 5 August 2014.
  7. ^ Nabih Mustafa Berri biography. Whichcame1st.com. Retrieved on 5 August 2014.
  8. ^ Amal. Countrystudies.us. Retrieved on 5 August 2014.
  9. ^ "AUB: The Lebanese Civil War and the Taif Agreement". Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  10. ^ official website of the Lebanese parliament Archived 3 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Roger Owen (October 1984). "The Lebanese Crisis: Fragmentation or Reconciliation?". Third World Quarterly. 6 (4): 934–949. doi:10.1080/01436598408419807. JSTOR 3991803.
  12. ^ a b c d "Nabih Berry Biography" (PDF). lp.gov.lb. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Lebanese Parliament official website" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Minister of justice". FamousWhy.
  15. ^ Haddad, Simon (April 2002). "Cultural diversity and sectarian attitudes in postwar Lebanon" (PDF). Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 28 (2): 291–306. doi:10.1080/13691830220124341. S2CID 143827267. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  16. ^ Official Lebanese parliament website Archived 3 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (PDF) . Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  17. ^ Joseph A. Kechichian (6 May 2014). "No change in power-sharing formula in Lebanon".
  18. ^ Leaders praise Sleiman at final Dialogue session. Daily Star. 6 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Nabih Berri Facts". YourDictionary, Under Syria's Influence part.
  20. ^ Chibli Mallat. Lebanon's Cedar Revolution An essay on non-violence and justice (PDF). Mallat. p. 122. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2012.
  21. ^ "Nabih Berry Biography".
  22. ^ "نبيه بري رئيسا للبرلمان اللبناني للمرة السادسة" (in Arabic). Anadolu Agency. 23 May 2018. Archived from the original on 7 July 2018.
  23. ^ OIC official website Archived 10 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "Differences linger over salary scale ordeal". The Daily Star Newspaper. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  25. ^ "Deputies of Lebanese origin say diaspora should be citizens too". The Daily Star. 21 April 1998. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  26. ^ "Man in the News; pivotal figure in the Beirut crisis: Nabih Berri". The New York Times. 18 June 1985.
  27. ^ Gary C. Gambill; Ziad K. Abdelnour (July 2001). "Dossier: Rafiq Hariri". Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. 3 (7).
  28. ^ https://al-akhbar.com/Politics/249040, برّي رئيساً دائماً: استثناءٌ يصنع القاعدة
  29. ^ "رجل في الأخبار.. نبيه بري رئيسًا "بحكم العادة" لمجلس النواب اللبناني". عنب بلدي (in Arabic). 23 May 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  30. ^ "انتخاب بري رئيسا للبرلمان اللبناني للمرة الرابعة". www.aljazeera.net (in Arabic). Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  31. ^ "أصوات ناخبي "الثنائي الشيعي" في بيروت 2 والبقاع والجنوب أظهرت تقدم نواب حزب الله على زملائهم في حركة "أمل"!". Al-Afkar. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  32. ^ "من هو نبيه بري الذي يرأس برلمان لبنان للمرة السادسة؟". BBC News عربي (in Arabic). Retrieved 9 November 2020.

External links