|7th Secretary-General of the Arab League|
1 July 2011 – 3 July 2016
|Preceded by||Amr Moussa|
|Succeeded by||Ahmed Aboul Gheit|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
6 March 2011 – 1 June 2011
|Prime Minister||Essam Sharaf|
|Preceded by||Ahmed Aboul Gheit|
|Succeeded by||Mohamed Orabi|
|Ambassador to the United Nations|
20 May 1991 – 20 May 1995
|Preceded by||Amr Moussa|
|Succeeded by||Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid|
|Born||15 May 1935|
|Alma mater||Cairo University|
New York University
Nabil Elaraby (Arabic: نبيل العربي; born 15 March 1935) is an Egyptian diplomat who was Secretary-General of the Arab League from 1 July 2011 to 3 July 2016. Previously, he was Foreign Affairs Minister of Egypt in Essam Sharaf's government from March to June 2011.
Early life and education
Elaraby is a partner at Zaki Hashem & Partners in Cairo, specializing in negotiations and arbitration.
Elaraby was legal adviser and director in the Legal and Treaties Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1976 to 1978 and then Ambassador to India from 1981 to 1983. He then returned to his previous post at the Foreign Ministry from 1983 to 1987.
He was legal adviser to the Egyptian delegation to the Camp David Middle East peace conference in 1978, head of the Egyptian delegation to the Taba negotiations from 1985 to 1989, and Agent of the Egyptian Government to the Egyptian-Israeli arbitration tribunal (Taba dispute) from 1986 to 1988.
He was appointed by the Egyptian Minister of Justice on the list of arbitrators in civil and commercial affairs in Egypt in 1995.
In 1968, Elaraby was an Adlai Stevenson Fellow in International Law at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR). He was appointed a Special Fellow in International Law at UNITAR in 1973, and was legal adviser to the Egyptian delegation to the United Nations Geneva Middle East peace conference from 1973 to 1975.
Elarby was Egypt's Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York from 1978 to 1981, the Permanent Representative to the UN Office at Geneva from 1987 to 1991, the Permanent Representative to the UN in New York from 1991 to 1999, a member of the International Law Commission of the United Nations from 1994 to 2004, President of the Security Council in 1996, and Vice-President of the General Assembly in 1993, 1994 and 1997. He was a commissioner at the United Nations Compensation Commission in Geneva from 1999 to 2001, and a member of the International Court of Justice from 2001 to February 2006.
Elaraby has served as Chairman for the First (Disarmament and international security questions) Committee of the General Assembly, the Informal Working Group on an Agenda for Peace, the Working Group on Legal Instruments for the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, and the UN Special Committee on Enhancing the Principle of the Prohibition of the Use of Force in International Relations.
Other international work
Elaraby was an Arbitrator at the International Chamber of Commerce International Court of Arbitration in Paris in a dispute concerning the Suez Canal from 1989 to 1992. He was a judge in the Judicial Tribunal of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries in 1990.
Elaraby was a member of the governing board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute from 2000 to 2010. Since December 2008 he has been serving as the Director of the Regional Cairo Centre for International Commercial Arbitration and as a counsel of the Sudanese government in the "Abyei Boundary" Arbitration between the Government of Sudan and the Sudanese People's Revolutionary Movement.
Elaraby has also served as a Member of the Board for the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration, a Member of the Board for the Egyptian Society of International Law, and a Member of the World Intellectual Property Organization Arbitration and Mediation Centre List of Neutrals.
2011 Egyptian revolution and transitional government
At a democracy forum on 25 February 2011, he said the Egyptian government suffered from a lack of separation of powers, a lack of transparency and a lack of judicial independence. He said foreign policy should be based on Egypt's interests, including "holding Israel accountable when it does not respect its obligations."
On 6 March 2011, he was appointed Foreign Affairs Minister of Egypt in Essam Sharaf's post-revolution cabinet. Since then he has opened the Rafah Border Crossing with Gaza and brokered the reconciliation of Hamas with Fatah.
|Egypt||Grand Cordon of the Order of the Arab Republic of Egypt|
|Tunisia||Grand Officier of the Order of the Republic of Tunisia|
- (in Arabic) Taba, Camp David, Israeli West Bank barrier : From United Nations Security Council to the International Court of Justice (طابا.. كامب ديفيد.. الجدار العازل: صراع الدبلوماسية من مجلس الأمن إلى المحكمة الدولية), ed. Dar al-Chorouq, Cairo, 2017.
- "CV Dr Nabil Elaraby". The Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA). Archived from the original on 18 March 2011.
- Elaraby to direct Cairo Centre, Global Arbitration Review, 15 December 2008
- The Government of Sudan / The Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (Abyei Arbitration), Permanent Court of Arbitration Archived 20 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Elaraby in Egypt's "council of the wise", Alison Ross, Global Arbitration Review, 9 February 2011
- Answering the public, Egypt names a new cabinet, Neil MacFarquhar and Mona el-Naggar, The New York Times, 6 March 2011
- Egypt appoints new key ministers, Al Jazeera English, 6 March 2011
- Egypt's new foreign policy tests old alliances, Jeffrey Fleishman, Los Angeles Times, 8 May 2011
- Egypt FM Nabil El-Arabi named Arab League chief, Ahram Online, 15 May 2011
- Elaraby to head Arab League, David Elward, Global Arbitration Review, 16 May 2011
- Biography at the Wayback Machine (archived 12 March 2011) at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Works by or about Nabil Elaraby in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Egypt’s foreign minister on the way forward after Mubarak, Lally Weymouth, The Washington Post, 6 May 2011
- Nabil El-Arabi -- justice-based diplomacy, Dina Ezzat, Al-Ahram Weekly, 19 May 2011
| Ambassador to the United Nations
Ahmed Asmat Abdel-Meguid
| Secretary-General of the Arab League
Ahmed Aboul Gheit
Ahmed Aboul Gheit
| Minister of Foreign Affairs