Nabil Sahraoui

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Nabil Sahraoui
Nabil Sahraoui.jpg
Born 26 September 1966
Batna, Algeria
Died 20 June 2004 (aged 37)
Allegiance Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb
Rank Emir
Battles/wars Islamic insurgency in Algeria

Nabil Sahraoui (26 September 1966 – 20 June 2004), alias Mustapha Abou Ibrahim, was an Algerian Islamist militant, and the head of the radical Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC, later renamed Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb) from August 2003 until his death the following year.

Early life[edit]

Sahraoui was born in Batna, Algeria, on 26 September 1966.[1]

GSPC[edit]

In 2003, Sahraoui replaced Hassan Hattab as the leader of the GSPC, since the latter was removed from the post due to his view that reconciliation with the government should be encouraged.[2] In October 2003, Sahraoui pledged allegiance as GSPC leader to both Usama bin Ladin's Al Qaeda organization and to the Taliban leader Mullah Omar.[3]

Death[edit]

Sahraoui was killed in a shootout with the Algerian army in the Kabylie region on 20 June 2004 at age 37.[4][5][6][7] His top aides were also killed in the military sweep.[8]

Sahraoui was replaced as head of the GSPC by Abu Musab Abdel Wadoud over the objections of former leader Hassan Hattab.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Algerian Islamist GSPC leader Nabil Sahraoui profiled". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 28 May 2004. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Tawil, Camille (27 July 2009). "New Strategies in al-Qaeda’s Battle for Algeria" (PDF). Terrorism Monitor. 7 (22). Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Steinberg, Guido (2008). "Towards a "political turn" in the fight against Jihadist terrorism" (PDF). Politique Etrangere: 175–187. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Nabil Sahraoui". Global Security. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Algerian armed forces say rebel leader is killed Taipei Times (Reuters report), 21 June 2004
  6. ^ "Algerian Military Says Terror Leader Killed". Fox News. AP. 20 June 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Staff writer (July 2006). "Chronology Of events: 2005". Mediterranean Politics, special issue: Transnational Islam and Regional Security: Cooperation and Diversity between Europe and North Africa. Taylor and Francis. 11 (2): 279–308. doi:10.1080/13629390600683048. 
  8. ^ "Algerian military says top guerrilla leader Nabil Sahraoui killed in army sweep". Canadian Press. 20 June 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2013.