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|God of wisdom and writing|
Statue of the Attendant God from the Temple of Nabu at Nimrud, Mesopotamia on display at the British Museum.
|Symbol||Clay tablet and stylus|
|Parents||Marduk and Sarpanitum|
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|Religions of the
ancient Near East
|Pre-Islamic Arabian deities|
Nabu (Syriac: ܢܒܘ) is the patron god of scribes, wisdom and literature, being worshipped by the Assyrian and Babylonian people. He was identified as the son of the great god Marduk by the Babylonians and as the son of Ashur by the Assyrians.
Nabu was known as Nisaba in the Sumerian pantheon, gaining prominence among the Assyrians and Babylonians in the first millennium BC following his association with Marduk. Nabu was worshipped in Babylon's sister city Borsippa, where his statue was moved to Babylon each New Year so that he could pay his respects to his father. Nabu's symbol was a stylus resting on a tablet. His wife was the Akkadian goddess Tashmet.
Nabu was also seen as the inventor of writing, an oracle, and the patron of all the rational arts. He also possessed the tablets of destiny, which fixed the length of human life. Due to his role as an oracle, Nabu was associated with the Mesopotamian moon god Sin.
Nabu wore a horned cap, and stood with his hands clasped in the ancient gesture of priesthood. He rode on a winged dragon known as Sirrush that originally belonged to his father Marduk. In Babylonian astrology, Nabu was identified with the planet Mercury.
- Bertman, Stephen (2005). Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia (Paperback ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780195183641. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
- Green, Tamara M. (1992). The City of the Moon God: Religious Traditions of Harran. Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 34. ISBN 9004095136. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- "Isaiah 46:1 NIV – Gods of Babylon – Bel bows down, Nebo". BibleGateway.com. Retrieved 2015-06-23.
- "Jeremiah 48:1 NIV - A Message About Moab - Concerning Moab". BibleGateway.com. Retrieved 2015-07-02.