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|God of wisdom and writing|
Statue of the Attendant God from the Temple of Nabu at Nimrud, Mesopotamia on display at the British Museum.
|Symbol||Clay tablet and stylus|
|Consort||Tashmetum and Nissaba|
|Parents||Marduk and Sarpanitum|
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|Religions of the
ancient Near East
|Pre-Islamic Arabian deities|
Nabu (Syriac: ܢܒܘ) is the patron god of scribes, wisdom and literature, being worshipped by the Assyrian and Babylonian peoples. He was identified as the son of the great god Marduk by the Babylonians and by default as the son of Ashur by the Assyrians.
Nabu's name itself means "to call" in Akkadian language, while later cognates in Aramaic language and Hebrew language have a sense of one who has been called, or one who can prophesy.[full citation needed]
Nabu resided in his temple of Ezida in Borsippa and was a prominent deity in Assyria, where several temples were devoted to him. His cult later spread to Egypt and Anatolia due to Aramaic settlers. Nabu was also the keeper of the Tablets of Destiny, which recorded the fate of mankind. His symbols are the clay tablet and stylus.
Nabu's consorts were the Akkadian goddess Tashmetum and the Assyrian Nissaba. He wore a horned cap, and stood with his hands clasped, in the ancient gesture of priesthood. He rode on a winged dragon known as Sirrush that originally belonged to his father Marduk. During the Babylonian New Year Festival, the cult statue of Nabu was transported from Borsippa to Babylon in order to commune with his father Marduk.
- Bertman, Stephen (2005). Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia (Paperback ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 122. ISBN 9780195183641. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- p.1571, Alcalay. A more accepted translation of this Hebrew word is derived from an Akkadian word "nabu", meaning to call. The Hebrew "navi" has a passive sense and means "the one who has been called" (see HALOT, p.661).
- "Isaiah 46:1 NIV – Gods of Babylon – Bel bows down, Nebo". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2015-06-23.
- "Jeremiah 48:1 NIV - A Message About Moab - Concerning Moab". Bible Gateway. Retrieved 2015-07-02.