Nacaduba kurava

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Transparent six-line blue
Nacaduba kurava (ento-csiro-au).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Lycaenidae
Tribe: Polyommatini
Genus: Nacaduba
Species: N. kurava
Binomial name
Nacaduba kurava
(Moore, 1857)

Nacaduba kurava, the transparent six-line blue, is a species of Lycaenid butterfly found in Asia.

Description[edit]

From the Javadi Hills in India's Eastern Ghats

Male upperside: pale dull violet with in certain lights a frosted silvery sheen; bases of wings suffused slightly with blue. Forewing: a slender anticiliary dark brown line. Hindwing: costa broadly paler; dorsum brownish; in most specimens the subterminal spots in interspaces 1 and 2 show through by transparency from the underside, in a few these spots are marked by actual scaling; an anticiliary dark brown line as in the forewing. Underside: brown. Forewing: transversely traversed by three pairs of white strigae, the innermost pair slightly curved, from subcostal vein to vein 1 across the middle of the cell; the inner striga of the medial pair complete, crosses on the inner side of the discocellulars from subcostal vein to vein 1, the outer striga beyond the discocellulars from vein 7 to vein 1, interrupted in interspace 5; the outer pair of strigae are discal and cross -from vein 7 to vein 3, the inner striga of the pair impinging at vein 3 on the outer striga of the medial pair; these are followed by an inner and an outer subterminal slender lunular line, a terminal series of slender transversely linear spots edged outwardly by a very slender white, and an anticiliary dark brown line. Hindwing: crossed by six or seven irregular, more or less broken, sublunular, white striations; terminal markings similar to those on the forewing; interspace 1 with a minute, interspace 2 with a much larger round jet-black spot, both spots crowned inwardly with ochraceous orange and touched outwardly with glittering metallic blue scales. Antennae black, the shafts obscurely speckled with white on the sides; head, thorax and abdomen purplish brown; beneath: the palpi fringed with black hairs, the thorax bluish white, abdomen white.

Female upperside, forewing: costa above the cell, apex very broadly and a terminal edging that occupies about one-third of the length of the wing jet-black, this colour on the costa widened outwards; the remainder of the wing white shaded with dusky greyish which in certain lights has a beautiful metallic blue iridescence; on the inner side of the terminal edging is a transverse, very ill-defined, diffuse dusky band, and enclosed between it and the black edging three somewhat prominent spots of the white ground colour. Hindwing: costal margin above a longitudinal line through the middle of the cell dusky black; posterior portion of the wing dusky bluish, veins prominently black; a comparatively well-defined transverse postdiscal series of black lunules edged inwardly and outwardly by similar series of white lunules, followed by a subterminal series of black spots with an outer edging of white and an anticiliary jet-black line; the subterminal spots decrease in size anteriorly, those in interspaces 2 and 3 the largest, the two spots in interspace 1 minute and geminate (paired); tail black tipped with white. Underside: similar to that of the male but the ground colour grey with a slight tint of brown, the transverse white strigae much broader, somewhat diffuse; on the forewing the band formed by the medial pair of strigae much more broken than in the male the posterior portion below vein 3 shifted well outwards; on the hindwing the sub-terminal black spot in interspace 2 comparatively very large and prominent. Antenna as in the male; head, thorax and abdomen brown; beneath: the palpi, thorax and abdomen as in the male.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Sikkim; Bhutan; southern India: the Nilgiri and Shevaroy Hills; Ceylon; Assam; Cachar; Burma; Tenasserim; the Nicobars; extending to the Malay Peninsula and Java.[1]

Larva[edit]

"Feeds on Embelia robusta ..., the back elevated and the segments most distinctly denned; the anal segment is flattened; the back forms a distinct ridge, the colour is green but there is a purple line along the ridge of the back; the other segments are also edged with the same colour. The head is small, amber coloured, with a darker border." (Davidson, Bell & Aitken.)[1]

Pupa[edit]

"Short and stout, constricted slightly between the thorax and abdomen and has slight traces o£ a ridge along the back. In colour it is a dingy greenish-brown powdered with black. There is an interrupted dark hand along the middle of the hack and also spots o£ blackish on the abdominal segments and just beyond the wing-covers and the sides of the thorax. It is smooth and only fastened at the tail parallel with the leaf to which it is attached." (Davidson, Bell & Aitken.)[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bingham, C.T. (1907). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. II (1st ed.). London: Taylor and Francis, Ltd. 

External links[edit]