Nachlaot

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Street in Nachlaot

Nachlaot (Hebrew: נחלאות‎‎, also Nahlaot) is a grouping of 23 courtyard neighborhoods in central Jerusalem, Israel, known for its narrow, winding lanes, old-style housing, hidden courtyards and many small synagogues. Neighborhoods in Nachlaot (plural of nachala, lit. "homestead") include Batei Broide, Batei Munkacs, Batei Rand, Knesset Yisrael, Mazkeret Moshe, Mishkenot Yisrael, Nahalat Ahim, Neve Betzalel, Neve Shalom, Ohel Moshe, Shevet Ahim, Sukkat Shalom, Zikhron Tuvya, and Zikhron Yosef.

History[edit]

View of Nachlaot from Sacher Park, February 2015
Street of the Stairs, Nahalat Ahim

The neighborhoods that make up the Nachlaot district were established beginning in the late 1870s outside the walls of the Old City, which was becoming increasingly overcrowded and unsanitary. The first was Mishkenot Yisrael, built in 1875. The name comes from a biblical verse (Numbers 24:5): "How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob/Thy dwellings, O Israel." Mazkeret Moshe was founded by Sir Moses Montefiore in 1882 as an Ashkenazi neighborhood. Ohel Moshe is a Sephardi neighborhood established alongside it.

Former Israeli president Yitzhak Navon grew up in Ohel Moshe, and the neighborhood served as the inspiration for his play Bustan Sephardi (Sephardi Orchard). The Banai family, a famous family of actors and singers, lived in Nachlaot.[1] A Syrian Jewish community settled in Nachlaot in 1900 and built the Ades Synagogue, which was completed in 1901. Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda outdoor market is located next to Nachlaot. Rabbi Aryeh Levin, known as the "prisoners' rabbi" for his visits to members of the Jewish underground imprisoned in the Russian Compound, lived in Mishkenot Yisrael. Nahalat Ahim, south of Rehov Bezalel, was founded in 1925 for the Yemenite community.[2]

Gentrification[edit]

In the wake of gentrification projects in the area, housing prices have risen steeply.[3]

Synagogues[edit]

At one time Nachlaot had a higher concentration of synagogues than anywhere else in the world, around 300 within a radius of just a few blocks.[citation needed] Many of these were not much more than a tiny room with space for only about a dozen worshippers. Over the decades, many have closed, and now there are about 100 left, such as Kol Rina, an Orthodox synagogue which offers prayer services modeled after the tunes and spirit of the late Rabbi Carlebach, and the N'vei Shalom (Raz) Synagogue, offering an inspiring Friday night Kabbalat Shabbat service intended to not just fulfill one's responsibility to pray, but to stir the heart and spirit. Rabbi Aaron Leibowitz runs a weekly Friday night service outdoors, at Reshimu.

The neighborhood includes the world-famous Ades Synagogue, Ades Congregation, the flagship of the Syrian Halebi community, as well as the synagogues located in the Knesset Aleph (Beis Rachel), Batei Broide, and Batei Rand neighborhoods, following the tradition of Old Jerusalem, including followers of the Vilna Gaon as well as Hasidic tradition.

Or Zaruaa Synagogue, founded in 1926 by Rabbi Amram Aburbeh for the Ma'araviim Jewish congregation, also served as a yeshiva for religious students. The building located on 3 Shmuel Refaeli street in Nahalat Ahim neighborhood was declared a historic preservation site in 1989, under cultural heritage protection. Rabbi Ben-Zion Meir Hai Uziel, the chief rabbi of Erez Israel, appointed Aburbeh as chief rabbi of the Nachlaot neighbourhood from 1924 to 1951. He was succeeded by Rabbi Rahamim Levy, who served as Rav of Nachlaot until 2013.

Cultural landmarks[edit]

The Gerard Behar Center, formerly known as Beit Ha'Am, opened in 1961.[4] It was the venue for the 1961 trial of Adolf Eichmann[5] and was renovated in 1983 as an arts centre.[6]

Barbur Gallery is a nonprofit space in Nachlaot for contemporary art and artists, offering changing exhibitions, musical performances, movie screenings, video-art and art lectures.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jerusalem Architecture in the late Ottoman Period - Jewish Virtual Library". 
  2. ^ http://fr.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1243346488528&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter
  3. ^ "Nachlaot". GoJerusalem. 
  4. ^ "The Gerard-Behar Center in Jerusalem". Jerusalem.com. 3 May 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Shandler, Jeffrey (1999). While America Watches: Televising the Holocaust. Oxford University Press. p. 90. ISBN 0195182588. 
  6. ^ Selig, Abe (11 June 2009). "How Behar Changed Its Stars". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 1 April 2016 – via HighBeam. (subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ "Top 5: Contemporary art hotspots". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. 
  8. ^ http://info.jpost.com/1998/Supplements/30years/narkiss.html
  9. ^ "A Special Sukka – Only in Nachlaot". Yeshiva World News. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  10. ^ Steinberg, Jessica (March 19, 2013). "A classical twist on spiritual, religious song". The Times of Israel. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  11. ^ Granot-Granevich, Aharon (1 August 2012). "Miracle Song". Mishpacha. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 

Coordinates: 31°46′57.8″N 35°12′42.03″E / 31.782722°N 35.2116750°E / 31.782722; 35.2116750