Nacionalista Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Nacionalista Party
Partido Nacionalista
PresidentManuel Villar
FounderManuel L. Quezon
Sergio Osmeña
FoundedApril 25, 1907; 111 years ago (1907-04-25)
IdeologyModern:
Populism (1946–present)[1][2]
Historical:
Conservatism (1946–1990s)[3]
Filipino nationalism (1907–1978)[4]
Political positionClaimed:
Big tent[2][3][5]
Traditional spectrum:
Centre-right[6]
National affiliationCoalition for Change
ColorsNational colors:
     Navy blue      Red      White
Customary:      Light green
SloganAng Bayan Higit sa Lahat
(Nation Above All)
Seats in the Senate
1 / 24
[7]
Seats in the House of Representatives
29 / 292
Provincial governorships
9 / 81
Provincial vice governorships
9 / 81
Provincial board members
102 / 1,006
Website
nacionalistaparty.com

The Nacionalista Party (Filipino: Partido Nacionalista) is the oldest political party in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907, being the ruling party from 1935 to 1944 (under President Manuel Quezon), 1944–1946 (under President Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1957 (under President Ramon Magsaysay), 1957–1961 (under President Carlos P. Garcia) and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).

Ideology[edit]

The Nacionalista Party was initially created as a Filipino nationalist party that supported Philippine independence until 1946 when the United States granted independence to the country.[3][4][5] Since then, many scholarly articles that dealt with the history of political parties during the Third Republic agreed that the party has been increasingly populist,[1][2][5][8][9] although some argued they had conservative[3][6] tendencies because of their opposition to the Liberal Party and the Progressive Party. The populist ideology of the party remained to present day as described on their website.

History[edit]

The original Nacionalista Party that was founded on August 21, 1901 in Calle Gunao, Quiapo, Manila, was forgotten. In that Quiapo Assembly, the following officers of the true Nacionalista were elected, namely Santiago Alvarez and Pascual Poblete as presidents; Andres Villanueva, vice president; Macario Sakay, secretary general; Francisco Carreon, Alejandro Santiago, Domingo Moriones, Aguedo del Rosario, Cenon Nicdao, Nicolas Rivera, Salustiano Santiago, Aurelio Tolentino, Pantaleon Torres, Valentin Diza, Briccio Pantas, Lope K. Santos, Pio H. Santos, Salustiano Cruz, Valentin Solis and Jose Palma.

The party began as the country's vehicle for independence, through the building of a modern nation-state and the advocacy of efficient self-rule, dominating the Philippine Assembly (1907–1916), the Philippine Legislature (1916–1935) and the pre-war years of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1941). During the Japanese occupation, political parties were replaced by the KALIBAPI.

By the second half of the century, the party was one of the main political contenders for leadership in the country in competition with the Liberals and the Progressives during the decades between the devastation of World War II and the violent suppression of partisan politics of the Ferdinand Marcos dictatorship.

In 1978, in a throwback to the Japanese occupation political parties were asked to merge into the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, although the Nacionalistas preferred to go into hibernation. Eventually, the party was revived during the late 1980s and early 1990s by the Laurel family, which has dominated the party since the 1950s. The Nacionalista Party is now being led by party president and former Seanator Manuel Villar and had three vice presidential candidates running independently or in tandem with other political parties (Alan Peter Cayetano, Bongbong Marcos and Antonio Trillanes) in the 2016 general elections. Two of the other present parties, the Liberal Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition are breakaways from the Nacionalista Party.[3]

Electoral performance[edit]

President[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
1935 Manuel L. Quezon 695,332 67.99% Won
1941 Manuel L. Quezon 1,340,320 81.78% Won
1946 Sergio Osmeña 1,129,996 45.71% Lost
1949 José P. Laurel 1,318,330 37.22% Lost
1953 Ramon Magsaysay 2,912,992 68.90% Won
1957 Carlos P. Garcia 2,072,257 41.28% Won
1961 Carlos P. Garcia 2,902,996 44.95% Lost
1965 Ferdinand Marcos 3,861,324 51.94% Won
1969 Ferdinand Marcos 5,017,343 61.47% Won
1981 Alejo Santos (Roy wing) 1,716,449 8.25% Lost as main wing boycotted
1986 N/A N/A N/A Supported Corazon Aquino who won
1992 Salvador Laurel 770,046 3.40% Lost
1998 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Gloria Macapagal Arroyo who won
2010 Manuel Villar 5,573,835 15.42% Lost
2016 N/A N/A N/A Supported either Mar Roxas, Jejomar Binay or Miriam Defensor Santiago who all lost or Rodrigo Duterte who won

Vice president[edit]

Election Candidate Number of votes Share of votes Outcome of election
1935 Sergio Osmeña 812,352 86.91% Won
1941 Sergio Osmeña 1,445,897 92.10% Won
1946 Eulogio Rodriguez 1,051,243 47.38% Lost
1949 Manuel Briones 1,184,215 46.08% Lost
1953 Carlos P. Garcia 2,515,265 62.90% Won
1957 José Laurel Jr. 1,783,012 37.91% Lost
1961 Gil Puyat 1,787,987 28.06% Lost
1965 Fernando Lopez 3,531,550 48.48% Won
1969 Fernando Lopez 5,001,737 62.76% Won
1986 N/A N/A N/A Supported Salvador Laurel who won
1992 Eva Estrada Kalaw 255,730 1.25% Lost
1998 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
2004 N/A N/A N/A Supported Noli de Castro who won
2010 N/A N/A N/A Supported Loren Legarda who lost
2016 N/A N/A N/A Supported either Alan Peter Cayetano, Bongbong Marcos or Antonio Trillanes who all lost

Senate[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats won Seats after Outcome of election
1916 See seats after
22 / 24
1919 See seats after
21 / 24
Won
1922 See seats after
15 / 24
Split into Osmeña bloc (12) that won and Quezon bloc (3) that lost
1925 See seats after
14 / 24
Won
1928 See seats after
24 / 24
Won
1931 See seats after
22 / 24
Won
1934 See seats after
7 / 24
Lost
1941 See seats after
24 / 24
Won
1946 7,454,074 41.2%
7 / 16
15 / 24
Lost
1947 10,114,453 45.0%
1 / 8
8 / 24
Lost
1949 8,900,568 36.6%
0 / 8
4 / 24
Lost
1951 13,266,643 59.1%
9 / 9
12 / 24
Won
1953 9,813,166 39.8%
5 / 8
13 / 24
Won
1955 17,319,389 67.6%
9 / 9
21 / 24
Won
1957 13,273,945 47.2%
6 / 8
20 / 24
Won
1959 17,160,618 50.1%
5 / 8
19 / 24
Won
1961 17,834,477 45.1%
2 / 8
13 / 24
Won
1963 22,983,457 50.2%
4 / 8
11 / 24
Lost
1965 21,619,502 43.8%
5 / 8
11 / 24
Won
1967 30,704,100 62.8%
6 / 8
16 / 24
Won
1969 32,726,305 60.8%
6 / 8
18 / 24
Won
1971 24,819,175 42.6%
3 / 8
16 / 24
Won
1987 N/A N/A N/A N/A Took part as member of GAD
1992 14,499,923 5.3%
0 / 24
0 / 24
Lost
1995 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
1998 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
2001 770,647 0.3%
0 / 13
0 / 24
Lost
2004 N/A N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
2007 27,125,724 10.1%
2 / 12
3 / 24
Nacionalista-led coalition
2010 49,585,503 16.7%
3 / 12
4 / 24
Split as two supported the PMP-led coalition, but both lost
2013 45,100,266 15.3%
3 / 12
5 / 24
Liberal-led coalition
2016 2,775,191 14.4%
0 / 12
3 / 24
Split, PDP–Laban-led coalition and lost

House of Representatives[edit]

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
1907
32 / 80
Won
1909
62 / 81
Won
1912
62 / 81
Won
1916
75 / 90
Won
1919
83 / 90
Won
1922
64 / 93
Split into Quezon bloc (35) that won and Osmeña bloc (29) that lost
1925
64 / 92
Won
1928
71 / 94
Won
1931
66 / 94
Won
1934
89 / 92
Split into Quezon bloc (70) that won and Osmeña bloc (19) that lost
1935
83 / 89
Won
1938
98 / 98
Won
1941
95 / 98
Won
1946 908,740 37.84%
35 / 98
Lost
1949 1,178,402 34.05%
33 / 100
Lost
1953 1,930,367 47.30%
31 / 102
Lost
1957 2,948,409 61.18%
82 / 102
Won
1961 3,923,390 61.02%
74 / 104
Won
1965 3,028,224 41.76%
38 / 104
Lost
1969 4,590,374 80.00%
88 / 110
Won
1978 688,130 0.33%
0 / 165
Lost
1984
2 / 183
Lost
1987* 1,444,399 7.19%
4 / 200
Lakas ng Bansa-led coalition
1992** 730,696 3.92%
4 / 199
Lakas–NUCD–UMDP-led coalition
1995* 153,088 0.79%
1 / 204
Lakas–NUCD–UMDP-led coalition
1998* 4,412 0.02%
0 / 245
Did not take part
2001 N/A N/A N/A Did not take part
2004
2 / 237
Lakas–CMD-led coalition
2007
11 / 271
Lakas–CMD-led coalition
2010 3,872,637 11.35%
25 / 287
Liberal-led coalition
2013 2,340,994 8.49%
17 / 292
Liberal-led coalition
2016 3,512,975 9.42%
24 / 297
PDP–Laban-led coalition

*It does not include candidates who ran as under a Liberal Party ticket along with another party.
**In coalition with PDP–Laban

Notable Nacionalistas[edit]

Past[edit]

Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

Throughout their careers, many of the country's politicians, statesmen and leaders were in whole or in part Nacionalistas. Notable names include the following:

Senators

Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism are pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline.

Current[edit]

Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include—but are not limited to—the following:

Nacionalista-affiliated parties[edit]

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2010[edit]

Senatorial Slate (11)

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2013[edit]

Senatorial Slate (3) (Team PNoy)

Candidates for Philippine general election, 2016[edit]

Vice President:

Senatorial Slate

Nacionalista Party presidents[edit]

Term Name
1907–1935 House Speaker Sergio Osmeña
1935–1944 President Manuel L. Quezon
1944–1953 President Sergio Osmeña
1953–1964 Senator Eulogio Rodriguez
1964–1980 Senator Gil Puyat
1980–1989 Former House Speaker José Laurel, Jr.
1989–2003 Vice President Salvador Laurel
2003–present Former Senate President Manuel Villar

Controversy over dominant-minority status[edit]

During the 2010 general election, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010.[15] The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, 2010, it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party.[15] On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.[16]

The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the COMELEC which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes.[17] However, it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a bogus alliance and they are seeking the same party status by the COMELEC.<[15] Several local races are also being challenged from both parties, therefore causing confusion in those races.[17]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bertrand, J. (2013). Political Change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ a b c Berneo, N.; Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press USA.
  3. ^ a b c d e Dayley, Robert (2016). Southeast Asia In The New International Era. Avalon Publishing. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Liow, J.; Leifer, M. (1995). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia. New York: Routledge. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b c Celoza, A. Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism. Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  6. ^ a b Philippine Journal of Public Administration, Volumes 34-35 (1990). UP College of Public Administration. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  7. ^ This is the party's current standing, although it has a bloc in the Senate.
  8. ^ Simbulan, D. (2005). The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy. Quezon City: UP Press.
  9. ^ Del Rosario, Simon G. (1973). An Integrated Course on Communism and Democracy. SGR Research & Pub.
  10. ^ Laurel was member of the NP before 1942 and from 1945–1959. During his tenure as President, he was affiliated with KALIBAPI.
  11. ^ During the 1946 presidential election, Roxas, who is a member of the liberal-wing of the NP, formed the Liberal Party and eventually moved there.
  12. ^ Moved to the Liberal Party during the 1946 presidential election.
  13. ^ In 1978, Marcos left the NP and formed his own political party known as the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL).
  14. ^ Estrada was a member of the NP during his term as Senator. In 1991, he formed his own party known as the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP).
  15. ^ a b c Alvarez, Kathrina (12 April 2010). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun.Star Cebu. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  16. ^ Torres, Tetch (6 May 2010). "SC nullifies NP-NPC coalition". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  17. ^ a b Maragay, Fel V. (1 March 2010). "NP-NPC coalition complicates fight in the local level". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 15 April 2010.