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& Shravan RathodAKA Nadeem-Shravan
|Genres||Soundtrack, Filmi, Bollywood Film Music, Gazal, Romantic|
|Occupation(s)||music director, Composer, Music Producer, Singer, Instrumentalist|
Nadeem–Shravan (sometimes credited as Nadeem Shravan) are a legendary Indian music director duo in the Bollywood film industry of India. The duo derives its name from the first names of its two principal composers, Nadeem Akhtar Saifi (born 6 August 1954) and Shravan Kumar Rathod (born 13 November 1954).
Nadeem–Shravan were the most successful Bollywood music directors of the 1990s until the early 2000s. They have the strong reliance of Hindustani music in their compositions and were the only composers during the 1990s and 2000s who relied heavily on three particular instruments: the bansuri, the sitar and the shehnai in almost all of their songs. By using these instruments in a modern way without disconnecting them from their original value, their contribution is unique compared to some rising music directors evolving a new music style beginning in the mid-1990s.
Their breakthrough soundtrack album was Aashiqui (1990), which sold 20 million units in India, and became the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time. Nadeem–Shravan were also behind many of the other best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1990s. Their success helped establish the music label T-Series. However, the duo's career temporarily came to a halt with the murder of T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar by Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company, with Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially accused of involvement, before later being exonerated. The duo eventually made a comeback in the 2000s.
Nadeem–Shravan composed soundtracks for many Hindi films, including Aashiqui (1990), Saajan (1991), Deewana (1992), Dil Ka Kya Kasoor (1992), Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993), Rang (1993), Dilwale (1994), Raja (1995), Barsaat (1995), Agni Sakshi (1996), Jeet (1996), Raja Hindustani (1996), Pardes (1997), Sirf Tum (1999), Dhadkan (2000), Kasoor (2001), Hum Ho Gaye Aapke (2001), Raaz (2002), Dil Hai Tumhaara (2002), Dil Ka Rishta (2003), Andaaz (2003), Tumsa Nahi Dekha (2004), and Bewafaa (2005), among others.
Their most commonly featured and favorite singers include "Trimurti" Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan but other Hindi playback singers like Anuradha Paudwal, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sadhana Sargam, Jaspinder Narula, K. S. Chithra, SP Balasubramanyam, Hariharan, Suresh Wadkar, Pankaj Udhas, Mohammad Aziz, Sudesh Bhosle, Shailendra Singh, Shabbir Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Roop Kumar Rathod, Vinod Rathod, Abhijeet, Sonu Nigam, Shaan, KK, Gurdas Maan, Shankar Mahadevan, Babul Supriyo, Manhar Udhas, Bali Brahmbhatt, Jolly Mukherjee, Sapna Mukherjee, Anwar, Vipin Sachdeva and many others have sung under their baton. Veteran singer Mohammed Rafi also sang for them in their film Dangal and Kishore Kumar in the film Ilaaka. Singers Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhonsle also sang in few albums for the duo.
The association of Nadeem Saifi Ashfaq and Shravan dates back to 1973 when they met each other at a function. Their first film assignment was Dangal, a Bhojpuri movie in 1973 (released in 1975) which featured the popular Bhojpuri song "Kashi hile, Patna hile" sung by Manna Dey. Their first Hindi movie assignment was Maine Jeena Seekh Liya in 1981 sung by Amit Kumar. In 1989, their three big movies were released: Ilaaka, Hisaab Khoon Ka and Lashkar. In 1985, the duo composed music for a commercial project called Star Ten. Ten Hindi actors (Mithun, Jackie Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Sachin, Danny, Vijendra, Sulakshana Pandit, etc.) sang some songs with lyrics by Anwar Saagar.
Rise to fame
Aashiqui (1990) brought Nadeem–Shravan into the limelight. Gulshan Kumar gave them the break. Aashiqui has been rated the 4th best soundtrack ever by Planet Bollywood on their "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks". The soundtrack album sold 20 million units, making it the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.
Their success continued with Saajan, Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin, Sadak, Sainik, Raja, Dilwale, Raja Hindustani and Phool Aur Kaante. Whether it was "Chehra Kya Dekhte Ho" (Salaami), "Adayein Bhi Hain" (Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin) "Sochenge Tumhe Pyar" (Deewana), "Tujhe Na Dekhu Toh Chain" (Rang), they all had the distinct stamp of Nadeem–Shravan.
They have composed all kinds of music, be it fast-track, sentimental or dance numbers. But their forte was always melody. Most of their compositions fall under the filmi-ghazal genre, as were greatly inspired by ghazal music, and Pakistani music.
When Pardes soundtrack was released, the tracks had different varieties of songs; songs ("I Love My India" and "Meri Mehbooba"), love songs ("Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain") and qawwali ("Nahin Hona Tha)" pop ("My first day in America"), pain ("Ye Dil Deewana"). Planet Bollywood started the review by saying, "The music for Pardes is Nadeem-Shravan's best ever."
They have worked with lyricists like Sameer, Anand Bakshi, Faaiz Anwar, Hasrat Jaipuri, Rani Malik and many others. When they arrived on the music scene, Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Anand Milind were at the top. But subsequently their hard worked paid and they gave various hits in a row.
Their songs often contain Jhankaar, Conga, Bongos, Electronic drum fusion beats. They have insisted on sticking to lyricist Sameer and male singers Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and female singer Alka Yagnik for most of their compositions.
Gulshan Kumar murder case
Gulshan Kumar, the owner of T-Series, was shot dead outside the Jeeteshwar Mahadev Mandir, a Hindu mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva of which he attended daily in Jeet Nagar, Andheri West suburb of Mumbai, on 12 August 1997. Mumbai underworld organization D-Company was involved with the murder. The police also accused Nadeem Saifee of having paid for the murder due to a personal dispute and fled the country after the murder. According to the police, Nadeem hatched the conspiracy in Dubai in May with Anees Ibrahim Kaskar, the brother of fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar and Dawood's associates Abu Salem and Kayyum. Crime branch sources said Nadeem has been out of Bombay since Gulshan Kumar died. During the interrogation of the arrested gangsters, the police reportedly learned that Nadeem had organized a "secret" music function in June for Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar in Dubai. Many well-known Bollywood personalities, the police claim, were present.
After the police's allegations against him, Nadeem Saifi had fled to the United Kingdom. In 2001, the case was taken to the London High Court, which rejected the Indian government's request for extradition on the ground that there was no prima facie case against Saifi. In August 2001, the prosecution's main witness, Mohammed Ali Hussain Shaikh, who had earlier claimed Saifi participated in the murder, eventually revealed that he didn't know Saifi and had never seen him. Abu Salem also denied Nadeem's involvement on Indian national television. Saifi was also exonerated by four courts, including the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the sessions court in Mumbai. Saifi eventually acquired British citizenship, and later moved to Dubai, where he runs a successful perfumery business.. But soon after, his life turned upside down. In 1997, while on vacation in London, he was named a suspect in the murder of his former mentor and music mogul, Gulshan Kumar, by investigators who alleged he had paid a hitman to do the job. Arrest warrants were issued against him, his passport was revoked, and to avoid arrest, he stayed in England as his fight went up to the House of Lords, which upheld the UK Supreme Court’s decision against the extradition, and turned down the Indian government’s plea. Finally, in 2002, Nadeem was acquitted of all charges by a Mumbai sessions court. Now he is back doing films.
After being inactive for sometime, Nadeem–Shravan made a comeback of sorts with films like Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa, Ek Rishta, Kasoor, Hum Ho Gaye Aapke, Raaz, Dil Hai Tumhaara, Qayamat, Hungama, Andaaz, Bewafaa, Tumsa Nahi Dekha, Barsaat, Dosti and Do Knot Disturb.
In 2005, the duo split. Dosti: Friends Forever was their last movie together. Nadeem started his own perfume and bag company and was also involved in solo compositions. Shravan was uninterested in continuing with his music and instead focused on the music careers of his sons (Sanjeev–Darshan) and movie production. Another reason cited is probably the growing distance between the two. In an interview, Nadeem stated that there wasn't any conflict between him and Shravan. In late 2013 it was announced that the duo would work together again on the sequel of Deewana but they later split due to personal conflicts again as a result of which Nadeem decided to return as a solo composer for Ishq Forever in 2015.
Comeback of Nadeem Saifi
In 2016, Nadeem Saifi-Akhtar made his comeback with lyricist Sameer in the film Ishq Forever. He has split with his partner Shravan and worked on the film as a solo composer. The film features ten songs. In the year 2017 to continue his musical career in the film Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha as a solo composer and film is produced and directed by Suneel Darshan.
Nadeem–Shravan have won several awards during their music career.
- 1991 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Aashiqui
- 1992 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Saajan
- 1993 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Deewana
- 1996 – Special Award London (UK) For Movie Raja – Raja
- 1997 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raja Hindustani
- 1997 – Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Raja Hindustani
- 1998 – Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Pardes
- 2003 – Zee Cine Best Music Director – Raaz
- 1992 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Phool Aur Kaante
- 1994 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke
- 1996 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raja
- 1998 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Pardes
- 2001 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Dhadkan
- 2001– Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Dhadkan
- 2001– IIFA Best Music Director – Dhadkan
- 2003– Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raaz
- 2004– Zee Cine Best Music Director – Andaaz
|Denotes films that have not yet been released|
Impact on record sales
In total span of 17 years only 4 years (1998, 1999, 2004, 2006) are such which don't have Nadeem–Shravan album in top 3. The year wise analysis is as follows:
|Year||Rank (in terms of sales in India)|
|1990||1 – Aashiqui|
|1991||1 – Saajan 2 – Phool Aur Kaante 3 – Sadak|
|1992||1 – Deewana|
|1993||1 – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke|
|1994||2 – Dilwale|
|1995||2 – Raja|
|1996||1 – Raja Hindustani 3 – Agnisakshi|
|1997||2 – Pardes|
|2000||2 – Dhadkan|
|2001||1 – Kasoor|
|2002||1 – Raaz|
|2003||2 – Andaaz|
|2005||2 – Bewafaa|
Soundtrack album sales
The following table lists the sales of Nadeem–Shravan's top-selling Bollywood music soundtrack albums in India. By 1993, their soundtrack albums had earned ₹150 crore (equivalent to ₹812 crore or US$120 million in 2018) in sales.
|Film soundtrack||Year||Units sold||Annual rank||Source(s)|
|Phool Aur Kaante||1991||6,000,000||2|||
|Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin||1991||2,500,000||5|
|Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke||1993||2,500,000||8|
|Qayamat: City Under Threat||2003||2,100,000||5|||
|Sapne Sajan Ke||1992||2,000,000||5|||
|Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya||2002||1,800,000||11|||
|Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam||2002||1,600,000||5|
|Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa||2002||1,600,000||12|
|Dil Hai Tumhaara||2002||1,500,000||6|
|Dil Ka Rishta||2003||1,400,000||8|
|Known album sales||N/A||113,100,000||N/A|
- "India Today". India Today. Aroon Purie for Living Media India Limited. 19: 70. 1994.
- "Music Hits 1990-1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.
- Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788179910665.
- Ultra Regional, Kashi Hile Patna Hile, Manna Dey, Dangal - Bhojpuri Romantic Song, retrieved 2 January 2019
- "Nadeem-Shravan to Bollywood". microcan.
- "Best soundtrack of the 90s". Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "India Today". India Today. Living Media: 342. 1994.
In 1990, the super-success of Nadeem–Shravan's Aashiqui ushered in the era of ghazal-type romantic music as in Saajan, Dil, Phool aur Kaante, Deewana.
- Chandra, Anupama; Shetty, Kavitha (11 November 1993). "Hitting the Right Notes" (PDF). India Today.
- "Nadeem-Shravan's best soundtrack ever". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997.
- "Rediff On The NeT: Music director Nadeem accused of killing Gulshan Kumar". m.rediff.com. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001.
- Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News.
- "Dosti-last movie as duo". Hindi Lyrics. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Top Music Sales in Bollywood – Last 60 years". NAACHGAANA. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 28 May 2011.
- "Bollywood music makers become national heritage of India". India Today. 30 November 1993.
- "Bringing melody back, Nadeem-Shravan churn out hit after hit". India Today. 15 April 1992.
- "Music Hits 2000-2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "McCartney watches Bollywood thriller Raaz – The Times of India". The Times of India.