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Nader Engheta

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Nader Engheta
Nader Engheta
Engheta in August 2022
Born (1955-10-08) 8 October 1955 (age 68)[1]
Alma mater
AwardsGuggenheim Fellowship (1999)
IEEE Electromagnetics Award (2012)
Balthasar van der Pol Gold Medal from URSI (2014)
SPIE Gold Medal (2015)
IEEE Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology (2018)
Max Born Award (2020)
Isaac Newton Medal (2020)
Franklin Medal (2023)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics, electrical engineering
InstitutionsUniversity of Pennsylvania
ThesisOn the Radiation Patterns of Interfacial Antennas (1982)
Doctoral advisorCharles H. Papas

Nader Engheta (Persian: نادر انقطاع) (born 1955 in Tehran) is an Iranian-American scientist. He has made pioneering contributions to the fields of metamaterials, transformation optics, plasmonic optics, nanophotonics, graphene photonics, nano-materials, nanoscale optics, nano-antennas and miniaturized antennas, physics and reverse-engineering of polarization vision in nature, bio-inspired optical imaging, fractional paradigm in electrodynamics, and electromagnetics and microwaves.[2][3][4]


After earning a B.S. degree from the school of engineering (Daneshkadeh-e-Fanni) of the University of Tehran,[5] he left for the United States in the summer of 1978 and earned his Masters and PhD degrees from the Caltech.[6]

He is one of the original pioneers of the field of modern metamaterials, and is the originator of the fields of near-zero-index metamaterials, plasmonic cloaking and optical nano circuitry (optical metatronics,[citation needed]).

His metamaterial-based optical nano circuitry, in which properly designed nano structures function as "lumped' optical circuit elements such as optical capacitors, optical inductors and optical resistors.[7][8][9][10] These are the building blocks for the metatronic circuits operating with light. This concept has been recently verified and realized experimentally by him and his research group at the University of Pennsylvania.[11] This provides a new circuit paradigm for information processing at the nanoscale.

His near-zero-index structures exhibit unique properties in light-matter interaction that have provided exciting possibilities in nanophotonics.

His plasmonic cloaking ideas have led to new methods in stealth physics.

He and his group have developed several areas and concepts in the fields of metamaterials and plasmonic optics, including, (1) ‘extreme-parameter metamaterials’ and 'epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) metamaterials';[12] (2) the concept of Omega structures, as one of the building blocks of structured materials,;[13][14] (3) ultrathin cavities and waveguides, with sizes beyond diffraction limits, providing possibilities for unprecedented miniaturization of devices;[15] (4) supercoupling phenomena between waveguides using low-permittivity ENZ metamaterials,;[16][17] (5) extended Purcell effects in nano-optics using the ENZ phenomena, in which enhanced photon density of states occurs in a relatively large area with essentially uniform phase;[18] (6) far-field subwavelength imaging lens based on ENZ hyperbolic metamaterials;[19] (7) scattering-cancellation-based plasmonic cloaking and transparency,;[20][21] (8) merging the field of graphene with the field of metamaterials and plasmonic optics in infrared regime, providing the roadmaps for one-atom-thick optical devices and one-atom-thick information processing,;[22][23] (9) microwave artificial chirality;[24] (10) “signal-processing” metamaterials and “meta-machine”, and (11) “digital” metamaterials.

He is currently the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor at the University of Pennsylvania,[25] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, affiliated with the departments of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Bioengineering, materials science and engineering, and Physics and Astronomy.

Awards and honors[edit]

Professor Engheta has received the following honors and awards:[26]

  • Elected Member Academia Europaea (2024)[27]
  • Caltech Distinguished Alumni Award (2023)[28]
  • Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2023)[29]
  • Franklin Medal in Electrical Engineering (2023)[30]
  • Hermann Anton Haus Lecture, MIT (April 13, 2022)[31]
  • Isaac Newton Medal (2020)[32]
  • Max Born Award (2020)[33]
  • Canadian Academy of Engineering, International Fellow (2019)
  • Ellis Island Medal of Honor from the Ellis Island Honors Society (2019)
  • Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology from IEEE Nanotechnology Council (2018)
  • Highly Cited Researcher (Clarivate Analytics, Top 1% Researcher most cited) (2017 & 2018)
  • William Streifer Scientific Achievement Award from IEEE Photonics Society (2017)
  • Beacon of Photonics Industry Award from Photonics Media (2017)
  • Honorary Doctorate from National Technical University Kharkov Polytechnic Institute (2017)
  • Honorary Doctorate from University of Stuttgart, Germany (2016)
  • Honorary Doctorate in Technology from Aalto University in Finland (2016)
  • SPIE Gold Medal (2015) [34]
  • Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellow Award from the US Department of Defense (2015)
  • Distinguished Achievement Award from the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (2015)
  • Wheatstone Lecture in King's College London (2015)
  • Balthasar van der Pol Gold Medal from URSI (International Union of Radio Science) (2014)
  • Inaugural SINA Award in Engineering (SINA: "Spirit of Iranian Noted Achiever") (2013)
  • Benjamin Franklin Key Award (2013)
  • IEEE Electromagnetics Award (2012)
  • Fellow of the Institute of Physics (UK) (2020)
  • Fellow of the Union Radio-Scientifique Internationale (URSI: International Union of Radio Science) (since 2017)
  • Fellow of the US National Academy of Inventors (NAI) (2015)
  • Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS) (since 2015)
  • Fellow of the SPIE- The International Society for Optical Engineering (since 2011)
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) (since 2010)
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society (APS) (since November 2008)
  • Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA) (since March 1999)
  • Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE (since January 1996)
  • Recipient of the George H. Heilmeier Faculty Award 2008 for Excellence in Research
  • In Scientific American Magazine List of 50 Leaders in Science and Technology, 2006 [35]
  • Endowed Scholarly H. Nedwill Ramsey Professorship, U. of Pennsylvania, January 2005 – present
  • IEEE Third Millennium Medal
  • Guggenheim Fellowship (1999)
  • UPS Foundation Distinguished Educator term Chair
  • Fulbright Naples Chair Award (1998)
  • S. Reid Warren Jr. Award (two times: 1993 and 2001)
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society (AP-S) Distinguished Lecturer for 1997–1999
  • W. M. Keck Foundation's Engineering Teaching Excellence Award (1995)
  • Christian F. and Mary R. Lindback Foundation Award (1994)
  • NSF Presidential Young Investigator (PYI) Award (1989)
  • Frequent plenary and keynote speaker at many conferences


  • Engheta, Nader; Ziolkowski, Richard W., eds. (July 2006). Metamaterials: Physics and Engineering Explorations. Wiley-IEEE Press. p. 440. ISBN 978-0-471-76102-0.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nader Engheta
  2. ^ University of Pennsylvania. ScholarlyCommons: Repository. Author Nader Engheta.
  3. ^ Research Interests Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine. University of Pennsylvania. February 2011.
  4. ^ "Research Interests". U Penn. Archived from the original (web page) on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  5. ^ "Narrative Biography". U Penn. Archived from the original (web page) on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  6. ^ Engheta, Nader (2017-04-01). "In pursuit of waves". Nature Nanotechnology. 12 (4): 394. Bibcode:2017NatNa..12..394E. doi:10.1038/nnano.2017.66. ISSN 1748-3387. PMID 28383039.
  7. ^ N. Engheta, "Circuits with Light at Nanoscales: Optical Nanocircuits Inspired by Metamaterials”, Science, Vol. 317, pp. 1698–1702, September 21, 2007
  8. ^ N. Engheta, "Taming Light at the Nanoscale,” Physics World , Vol. 23, No. 9, pp. 31-34, September 2010
  9. ^ N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, A. Alu, “Circuit Elements at Optical Frequencies: Nanoinductor, Nanocapacitor, and Nanoresistor,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 95, 095504, August 26, 2005
  10. ^ "Nader Engheta: Wave interaction with metamaterials". SPIE Newsroom. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  11. ^ Y. Sun, B. Edwards, A. Alu, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Realization of Optical Lumped Nanocircuit Elements at Infrared Wavelengths,” Nature Materials, Vol. 11, pp. 208-212, March 2012
  12. ^ M. G. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Tunneling of Electromagnetic Energy through Sub-Wavelength Channels and Bends Using Epsilon-Near-Zero (ENZ) Materials,” Physical Review Letters, 97, 157403, October 2006
  13. ^ M. M. I. Saadoun and N. Engheta, "A Reciprocal Phase Shifter Using Novel Pseudochiral or omega medium," Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 184-188, April 1992
  14. ^ M. M. I. Saadoun and N. Engheta, "Theoretical Study of Electromagnetic Properties of Non-Local Omega Media" a chapter in Progress in Electromagnetics Research (PIER) Monograph Series, Vol. 9 on Bianisotropic and Bi-Isotropic Media and Applications, Alain Priou (ed.), December 1994, ch. 15, pp. 351-397
  15. ^ N. Engheta, “An Idea for Thin, Subwavelength Cavity Resonators Using Metamaterials with Negative Permittivity and Permeability,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. Vol. 1, pp. 10-13, 2002
  16. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Young, M. Silveirinha, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Verification of Epsilon-Near-Zero Metamaterial Coupling and Energy Squeezing Using a Microwave Waveguide”, Physical Review Letters, 100, 033903, January 25, 2008
  17. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Silveirinha and N. Engheta, “Reflectionless Sharp Bends and Corners in Waveguides Using Epsilon-Near-Zero Effects,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, 044905, February 18, 2009
  18. ^ A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Boosting Molecular Fluorescence with a Plasmonic Nanolauncher,” Physical Review Letters, 103, 043902, July 21, 2009
  19. ^ A. Salandrino and N. Engheta, “Far-Field Subdiffraction Optical Microscopy Using Metamaterial Crystals: Theory and Simulations,” Physical Review B, Vol. 74, 075103, August 2006
  20. ^ A. Alu and N. Engheta, “Achieving Transparency with Metamaterial and Plasmonic Coatings,” Physical Review E, vol. 72, 016623, 2005
  21. ^ B. Edwards, A. Alu, M. Silveirinha, and N. Engheta, “Experimental Verification of Plasmonic Cloaking at Microwave Frequencies with Metamaterials,” Physical Review Letters, 103, 153901, October 6, 2009
  22. ^ A. Vakil and N. Engheta, “Transformation Optics Using Graphene,” Science, Vol. 332, pp. 1291–1294, June 10, 2011
  23. ^ A. Vakil, N. Engheta, “Fourier Optics on Graphene,” Physical Review B, 85, 075434, February 27, 2012
  24. ^ N. Engheta and P. Pelet, "Modes in Chirowaveguides," Optics Letters, Vol. 14, No. 11, 593-595, June 1989
  25. ^ "9/27/05, Ramsey Professor of Electrical & Systems Engineering – Almanac, Vol. 52, No. 5". upenn.edu.
  26. ^ Professor Engheta. "Recent Honors and Distinctions". University of Pennsylvania. Archived from the original (web page) on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
  27. ^ "NEW MEMBERS OF ACADEMIA EUROPAEA 2024". Academia Europaea. The Academy of Europe. Retrieved 22 April 2024.
  28. ^ "Caltech Names Four 2023 Distinguished Alumni Awardees". Caltech. 22 May 2023. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
  29. ^ "Five from Penn elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2023". Penn Today. University of Pennsylvania. 19 April 2023. Retrieved 1 May 2023.
  30. ^ "Penn scientist Nader Engheta wins the Benjamin Franklin Medal". Penn Today. University of Pennsylvania. 24 January 2023. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  31. ^ "Hermann Anton Haus Lecture 2022". Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  32. ^ "IOP Isaac Newton Medal 2020". Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  33. ^ "OSA Max Born Award 2020". Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  34. ^ "SPIE Gold Medal winner explores world of waves". SPIE Professional. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  35. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/06/dec/1035.html Dr. Nader Engheta in Scientific American 50 list

External links[edit]