Nadezhda Neynsky

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Nadezhda Neynsky
Nadezhda Mihailova.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
21 May 1997 – 24 July 2001
Prime MinisterIvan Kostov
Preceded byStoyan Stalev
Succeeded bySolomon Passy
Personal details
Born (1962-08-09) 9 August 1962 (age 57)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Political partyUnion of Democratic Forces (Before 2012)
Blue Coalition (2012)
Alma materSofia University

Nadezhda Neynsky,[NB 1] previously known as Nadezhda Nikolova Mihaylova (Bulgarian: Надежда Николова Михайлова) (born 9 August 1962 in Sofia) is a Bulgarian politician. In the past, she was Minister of Foreign affairs (1997–2001), head of Union of Democratic Forces (March 2002 – October 2005) and Member of the Bulgarian Parliament (37th, 38th, 39th and 40th Narodno Subranie). Since 2009, she has been a Member of European Parliament.

Early life and education[edit]

Since a rather young age, Mihaylova has had an interest in poetry. In 1977 she completed her primary education at the 127th "Ivan Denkoglu" school in Sofia and in 1981 graduated from the 9th French language high school "Alphonse de Lamartine" in the capital.[1] She was recalled by teachers as a top student, who excelled in the study of literature and Spanish language.[2] Mihaylova was subsequently enrolled as a philology student at Sofia University,[1] completing her studies in 1985. Between 1986 and 1988, she worked as a freelance journalist. In that period Mihaylova became a member of the Union of Translators in Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Съюз на преводачите в България).[3]

Career[edit]

Member of the Bulgarian National Assembly and foreign minister of Bulgaria[edit]

Nadezhda Mihaylova was a member of the Union of Democratic Forces (SDS) until she left in November 2012 after 21 years of membership in the party.[4]

She was elected to sit 37th National Assembly (1995–1997). During this time she sat on the Foreign Affairs Committee and was member of the Bulgarian delegation to the Council of Europe.[citation needed] She was also chairman of the Committee for Parliamentary and Public Relations Assembly (1994–1997).[citation needed] During this time she was also vice-President of the Union of Democratic Forces.[4]

Bulgarian Minister of Defense Georgi Ananiev (left) with US Secretary of Defense William Cohen (centre) and Bulgarian Foreign Minister Nadezhda Mihailova (right) in Sofia, Bulgaria, in 1997.

She was reelected in 1997 and sat in the 38th National Assembly (1997–2001). She was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in Ivan Kostov's government and held that post for four years.[5] As Minister of Foreign Affairs, she strongly supported a policy of NATO integration and EU membership of her country.[6]

In February 1999, she was chosen as the deputy chairman of the European People's Party at the 13th Congress in Brussels, becoming the first person from Eastern Europe to hold this position.[7]

In March 2000, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Nadezhda Mihaylova denied having delivered a document showing an alleged plan of former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic aimed at ethnic cleansing of Kosovo back in 1999 (so-called Operation Horseshoe) to the then foreign minister of Germany Joschka Fischer in Bonn in April 1999.[8] In 2012, Neynsky finally admitted to private Bulgarian channel BTV that she had handed the document as regards the operation Horseshoe to the German foreign minister back in 1999.[9] During the 78-day NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, British Prime Minister Tony Blair travelled to Sofia in April 1999 praising Nadezhda Mihaylova commitment with the words: "You, Nadezhda, have become the symbol of the wider Europe – of a whole Europe – a Europe of solidarity."[10]

As an MP in the 39th National Assembly (2001–2005), she was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee and the Committee on National Security and Defence.[citation needed]

She was elected chairman of the United Democratic Forces in 2002. After the disappointing local elections of 2003, a rift broke between her and former PM Ivan Kostov in the party.[11] In 2004 29 UDF delegates (led by Kostov) left to form a new party, Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria.[12] After the disappointing 2005 parliamentary election, with her party finishing fifth, she was succeeded by former president Petar Stoyanov as chairman of the party.[5] On 30 November 2005, Mihaylova established the "Right Alternative" (Bulgarian: Дясна алтернатива) faction within the party.[13]

As an MP in the 40th National Assembly, she was a member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, and the Committee on European Integration (2005–2009). Nadezhda was also vice-President of the National Assembly of Bulgaria from 2008–2009.

Nadezhda Neynsky in 2013

In November 2012, former UDF leader Nadezhda Neynsky quit the right-wing party after three senior MPs were expelled.[14]

Member of the European Parliament[edit]

In the 2009 European parliamentary election Neynsky was elected on the SDS ticket. Since then she has been a member of the European People's Party (Bulgarian: Hristyandemokrati). As an MEP she sat on the Committee on Budgets and was co Resident on Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).[citation needed] She was also a member of the Delegation to the EU-Russia[clarification needed] and a member of the Delegation for relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.[citation needed] She served as a Deputy on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, a Deputy on the Subcommittee on Security and Defence and a substitute member of the Delegation for relations with Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union.[15]

In May 2012, she founded, together with the Austrian MEP Paul Rübig and the Danish MEP Bendt Bendtsen, a new organization called SME Europe. This pro-business organization within the European People's Party, aims at improving the situation of small and medium-sized enterprises all across Europe. Currently, she holds the position of President.[16] She was vice-President of the Union of SMEs to the European People's Party from 2007 to 2011 and vice-President of the European People's Party.[citation needed]

Other fields of politics[edit]

When talking in 2016 with a newspaper about a role model as a leader, she revealed her admiration for former US Secretary of State, Madeleine Albright.[17]

Currently Nadezhda Neynski is the Ambassador of Bulgaria to Turkey.[18]

Outside politics[edit]

She was chairman of the Board of the Association of Small and Medium Enterprises in Bulgaria in 2007. She was also a member of the Advisory Group of the Southern Leaders' Round Tables (SLRT) to the Special Branch Cooperation among Developing Countries (Special Unit for South-South Cooperation) in 2006.[citation needed] She is a member of the International Advisory Committee to the "Democracy Coalition Project", in partnership with the Foundation "Bertelsmann", organization "Freedom House" and the Ghana Centre for Democratic Development (2006).[citation needed] President of the Institute for Democracy and Stability in Southeast Europe (2004).[citation needed]

She became a member of the National Union of Civil Society UNITY of 8 December 2012.[citation needed]

Awards[edit]

She received the Golden Plate award of the Academy of Achievement, Order of Denmark, first degree awarded[clarification needed] Medal of the Republic of Malta, Venice Honour, Knight of the Legion of Honor, France Cross of the Order of public office by the King of Spain[clarification needed], awarded the Medal of tolerance organization B'nai B'rith.[clarification needed]

Mihaylova was also chosen as the woman politician of the year in Bulgaria for 2008.[19]

Family[edit]

In 1983 Nadezhda married Kamen Mikhailov and they have two daughters - Violeta and Nina. In 2006, Nadezhda and Kamen divorced. On 3 October 2009 Nadezhda Mihaylova married Svetlin Neynski at the Embassy of Bulgaria in Madrid.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Name after her second marriage after she divorced with her previous husband.

External links[edit]

Media related to Nadezhda Mihaylova at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lilov 2013, p. 172.
  2. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 178.
  3. ^ Prodanov, Todorov, Avramov & Ivanova 2009, p. 503.
  4. ^ a b Lilov 2013, p. 174.
  5. ^ a b "Профил на Надежда Нейнски". personi.dir.bg. политически портал. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  6. ^ Nadezhda Mihailova: Security in south-eastern Europeand Bulgaria's policy of NATO integration, nato.int
  7. ^ Prodanov, Todorov, Avramov & Ivanova 2009, pp. 503-504.
  8. ^ "Hufeisen": Auch sie dementiert abendblatt.de, 30 March 2000 (in German). Archived on 28 February 2013
  9. ^ "Bulgaria forwards Horseshoe plan data to Germany Vesti Tanjug". 10 January 2012. Archived from the original on 9 December 2012.
  10. ^ Nadeshda Michajlowa., OWEP 4/2002 (in German). Archived on 1 March 2013
  11. ^ "Надежда Михайлова: "Костов има проблем със СДС". mediapool.bg. newspaper. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Legal Start for Bulgaria's New Rightists". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  13. ^ Prodanov, Todorov, Avramov & Ivanova 2009, p. 504.
  14. ^ Nadezhda Neynski, former UDF leader and ex-foreign minister, quits UDF after rebels axed, sofiaglobe.com, 26 Nov. 2012
  15. ^ "Надежда Нейнски - член на Група на Европейската народна партия (Християндемократи)". europarl.europa.eu. official website of the European Parliament. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  16. ^ Composition of the Board, Web presence of SME Europe, retrieved 1 April 2013
  17. ^ Trailblazing Women: Nadezhda Neynsky, Ambassador of Bulgaria to Turkey, huffingtonpost.com, 28 June 2016
  18. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria in Ankara - Key officers, mfa.bg
  19. ^ "Надежда Михайлова вече е г-жа Нейнски, в момента съм в равновесие със себе си, казва в интервю за сп. "Харпърс базар" бившият ни външен министър и настоящ евродепутат". vesti.bg. newspaper. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
Bibliography
Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД. ISBN 978-954-92098-9-1.
Prodanov, Vasil; Todorov, Antoniy; Avramov, Yosif; Ivanova, Vanya (2009). Българският парламент и преходът (1st ed.). Sofia: Ciela. ISBN 978-954-28-0352-2.
Political offices
Preceded by
Stoyan Stalev
Minister of Foreign Affairs
21 May 1997 – 24 July 2001
Succeeded by
Solomon Passy